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Riverview Bancorp Inc (RVSB) SEC Filing 10-K Annual Report for the fiscal year ending Thursday, March 31, 2022

Riverview Bancorp Inc

CIK: 1041368 Ticker: RVSB
Exhibit 99.1

 
 

Contact:
Kevin Lycklama or David Lam
Riverview Bancorp, Inc. 360-693-6650
   
   

Riverview Bancorp Earns $4.1 Million for Fourth Fiscal Quarter of 2022
and a Record $21.8 Million for Fiscal Year 2022;
Results Highlighted by Robust Loan Growth and Strong Core Deposit Growth

Vancouver, WA – April 28, 2022 - Riverview Bancorp, Inc. (Nasdaq GSM: RVSB) (“Riverview” or the “Company”) today reported earnings of $4.1 million, or $0.19 per diluted share, in the fourth fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2022, compared to $5.5 million, or $0.25 per diluted share, in the preceding quarter and $3.4 million, or $0.15 per diluted share, in the fourth fiscal quarter a year ago. For fiscal 2022, net income more than doubled to a record $21.8 million, or $0.98 per diluted share, compared to $10.5 million, or $0.47 per diluted share, in fiscal 2021.
“We delivered strong fourth quarter and record fiscal year 2022 results, highlighted by substantial loan growth, strong loan production and solid revenue growth,” stated Kevin Lycklama, president and chief executive officer. “We had exceptional organic loan growth for the third consecutive quarter, and our loan pipeline remains strong. Additionally, core deposit growth was robust year-over-year. We are operating from a position of strength as we enter fiscal year 2023, where we plan to capitalize on anticipated strong loan demand in the growing Southwest Washington and Oregon markets we serve, coupled with a rising interest rate environment.”

Fourth Quarter Highlights (at or for the period ended March 31, 2022)

Net income was $4.1 million, or $0.19 per diluted share.
Pre-tax, pre-provision for loan losses income (non-GAAP) was $4.8 million for the quarter compared to $5.9 million in the preceding quarter and $4.4 million for the year ago quarter.
Net interest income was $11.9 million for the quarter compared to $12.1 million in the preceding quarter and $11.2 million in the fourth fiscal quarter a year ago.
Net interest margin (“NIM”) was 2.98%.
Riverview recorded a recapture of loan losses of $650,000 during the quarter, compared to a $1.3 million recapture in the preceding quarter and no provision for loan losses in the fourth fiscal quarter a year ago.
The allowance for loan losses was $14.5 million, or 1.47% of total loans. The allowance for loan losses excluding SBA purchased and SBA PPP loans (non-GAAP) was 1.57% of total loans.
Total loans increased $28.2 million, or 11.9% annualized, during the quarter. The net increase consisted of an increase of $39.4 million in non-PPP loans offset by a decrease of $11.2 million in SBA PPP loans.
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Of the $39.4 million in fourth quarter loan growth, Riverview purchased $13.3 million of SBA loans and its organic loan portfolio increased by $28.5 million, or 12.0% annualized.
Total deposits increased $60.4 million, or 16.6% annualized, during the quarter to $1.53 billion.
Total risk-based capital ratio was 16.38% and Tier 1 leverage ratio was 9.19%.
Paid a quarterly cash dividend during the quarter of $0.055 per share.







The following information was filed by Riverview Bancorp Inc (RVSB) on Wednesday, May 4, 2022 as an 8K 2.02 statement, which is an earnings press release pertaining to results of operations and financial condition. It may be helpful to assess the quality of management by comparing the information in the press release to the information in the accompanying 10-K Annual Report statement of earnings and operation as management may choose to highlight particular information in the press release.
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UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-K

            ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the Fiscal Year Ended March 31, 2022  OR

            TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

Commission File Number: 000-22957

RIVERVIEW BANCORP, INC.​ ​

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Washington

    

91-1838969

(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer I.D. Number)

900 Washington St., Ste. 900, Vancouver, Washington

98660

(Address of principal executive offices)

(Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code:

(360) 693-6650

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

Title of each class

 

Trading Symbol(s) 

 

Name of each exchange on which registered

Common Stock, Par Value $0.01 per share

 

RVSB

 

The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act:

None

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act. Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Act. Yes   No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes    No 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

Large accelerated filer

Accelerated filer

Non-accelerated filer

Smaller reporting company

Emerging growth company

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has filed a report on and attestation to its management’s assessment of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting under Section 404(b) of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (15 U.S.C. 7262(b)) by the registered public accounting firm that prepared or issued its audit report. 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Act). Yes    No  

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant, based on the closing sales price of the registrant’s Common Stock as quoted on the Nasdaq Global Select Market System under the symbol “RVSB” on September 30, 2021 was $161,137,420 (22,164,707 shares at $7.27 per share). As of June 15, 2022, there were issued and outstanding 22,157,147 and 22,128,907 shares, respectively, of the registrant’s common stock.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of registrant’s Definitive Proxy Statement for the 2022 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (Part III).

Table of Contents

PAGE

PART I

Item 1.

Business

4

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

30

Item 1B.

Unresolved Staff Comments

43

Item 2.

Properties

43

Item 3.

Legal Proceedings

43

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

43

PART II

Item 5.

Market for Registrant’s Common Equity, Related Stockholder Matters and Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

44

Item 6.

[Reserved]

45

Item 7.

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

46

Item 7A.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk

60

Item 8.

Financial Statements and Supplementary Data

63

Item 9.

Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure

107

Item 9A.

Controls and Procedures

107

Item 9B.

Other Information

107

Item 9C.

Disclosure Regarding Foreign Jurisdictions that Prevent Inspections

107

PART III

Item 10.

Directors, Executive Officers and Corporate Governance

108

Item 11.

Executive Compensation

108

Item 12.

Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters

108

Item 13.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions, and Director Independence

109

Item 14.

Principal Accounting Fees and Services

109

PART IV

Item 15.

Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules

110

Item 16.

Form 10-K Summary

110

Signatures

111

2

As used in this Form 10-K, the terms “we,” “our,” “us,” “Riverview” and “Company” refer to Riverview Bancorp, Inc. and its consolidated subsidiaries, including its wholly-owned subsidiary, Riverview Community Bank, unless the context indicates otherwise.

Forward-Looking Statements

“Safe Harbor” statement under the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995: When used in this Form 10-K, the words “believes,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “estimates,” “forecasts,” “intends,” “plans,” “targets,” “potentially,” “probably,” “projects,” “outlook,” or similar expressions or future or conditional verbs such as “may,” “will,” “should,” “would,” and “could,” or similar expressions are intended to identify “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Forward-looking statements include statements with respect to our beliefs, plans, objectives, goals, expectations, assumptions, statements about future economic performance and projections of financial items. These forward-looking statements are subject to known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from the results anticipated or implied by our forward-looking statements, including, but not limited to: potential adverse impacts to economic conditions in our local market areas, other markets where the Company has lending relationships, or other aspects of the Company's business operations or financial markets, generally, resulting from the ongoing novel coronavirus of 2019 (“COVID-19”) and any governmental or societal responses thereto; the credit risks of lending activities, including changes in the level and trend of loan delinquencies and write-offs and changes in the Company’s allowance for loan losses and provision for loan losses that may be impacted by deterioration in the housing and commercial real estate markets; changes in general economic conditions, either nationally or in the Company’s market areas; changes in the levels of general interest rates, and the relative differences between short and long-term interest rates, deposit interest rates, the Company’s net interest margin and funding sources; the future of the London Interbank Offered Rate ("LIBOR"), and the transition away from LIBOR toward new interest rate benchmarks; fluctuations in the demand for loans, the number of unsold homes, land and other properties and fluctuations in real estate values in the Company’s market areas; secondary market conditions for loans and the Company’s ability to originate loans for sale and sell loans in the secondary market; results of examinations of our bank subsidiary, Riverview Community Bank, by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, the Washington State Department of Financial Institutions, Division of Banks (“WDFI”) and of the Company by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, or other regulatory authorities, including the possibility that any such regulatory authority may, among other things, require the Company to increase its allowance for loan losses, write-down assets, reclassify its assets, change Riverview Community Bank’s regulatory capital position or affect the Company’s ability to borrow funds or maintain or increase deposits, which could adversely affect its liquidity and earnings; legislative or regulatory changes that adversely affect the Company’s business including changes in banking, securities and tax law, and in regulatory policies and principles, or the interpretation of regulatory capital or other rules, and including changes as a result of COVID-19; the Company’s ability to attract and retain deposits; the Company’s ability to control operating costs and expenses; the use of estimates in determining fair value of certain of the Company’s assets, which estimates may prove to be incorrect and result in significant declines in valuation; difficulties in reducing risks associated with the loans on the Company’s consolidated balance sheet; staffing fluctuations in response to product demand or the implementation of corporate strategies that affect the Company’s workforce and potential associated charges; disruptions, security breaches, or other adverse events, failures or interruptions in, or attacks on, our information technology systems or on the third-party vendors who perform several of our critical processing functions; the Company’s ability to retain key members of its senior management team; costs and effects of litigation, including settlements and judgments; the Company’s ability to implement its business strategies; the Company's ability to successfully integrate any assets, liabilities, customers, systems, and management personnel it may acquire into its operations and the Company's ability to realize related revenue synergies and cost savings within expected time frames; future goodwill impairment due to changes in Riverview’s business, changes in market conditions, or other factors; increased competitive pressures among financial services companies; changes in consumer spending, borrowing and savings habits; the availability of resources to address changes in laws, rules, or regulations or to respond to regulatory actions; the Company’s ability to pay dividends on its common stock; adverse changes in the securities markets; inability of key third-party providers to perform their obligations to us; changes in accounting policies and practices, as may be adopted by the financial institution regulatory agencies or the Financial Accounting Standards Board, including additional guidance and interpretation on accounting issues and details of the implementation of new accounting standards, including the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act of 2020 ("CARES Act") and the Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2021 (“CAA 2021”); the economic impact of war or any terrorist activities; other economic, competitive, governmental, regulatory, and technological factors affecting the Company’s operations, pricing, products and services, and the other risks described from time to time in our filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”).

The Company cautions readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statements. Moreover, you should treat these statements as speaking only as of the date they are made and based only on information then actually known to the Company. The Company does not undertake and specifically disclaims any obligation to revise any forward-looking statements included in this report or the reasons why actual results could differ from those contained in such statements, whether as a result of new information or to reflect the occurrence of anticipated or unanticipated events or circumstances after the date of such statements. Further, many of these risks and uncertainties are currently amplified by and may continue to be amplified by or may, in the future, be amplified by, the COVID-19 pandemic. These risks could cause our actual results for fiscal 2023 and beyond to differ materially from those expressed in any forward-looking statements by, or on behalf of, us and could negatively affect the Company’s consolidated financial condition and consolidated results of operations as well as its stock price performance.

3

PART I

Item 1.  Business

General

Riverview Bancorp, Inc., a Washington corporation, is the bank holding company of Riverview Community Bank (the “Bank”). At March 31, 2022, the Company had total assets of $1.7 billion, total deposits of $1.5 billion and total shareholders’ equity of $157.2 million. The Company’s executive offices are located in Vancouver, Washington. The Bank’s subsidiary, Riverview Trust Company (the “Trust Company”), is a trust and financial services company located in downtown Vancouver, Washington, and provides full-service brokerage activities, trust and asset management services.

Substantially all of the Company’s business is conducted through the Bank, which until April 28, 2021, was a federal savings bank subject to extensive regulation by the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (“OCC”). The Bank converted from a federally chartered savings bank to a Washington state-chartered commercial bank on April 28, 2021. As a Washington state-chartered commercial bank, the Bank’s regulators are the Washington State Department of Financial Institutions (“WDFI”) and the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (“FDIC”), the insurer of its deposits. The Bank’s deposits are insured up to applicable limits by the FDIC. The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“Federal Reserve”) remains the primary federal regulator for the Company. In connection with the Bank’s charter conversion, the Company converted from a Savings and Loan Holding Company to a Bank Holding Company. The Bank is also a member of the Federal Home Loan Bank of Des Moines (“FHLB”) which is one of the 11 regional banks in the Federal Home Loan Bank System (“FHLB System”).

As a progressive, community-oriented financial services company, the Company emphasizes local, personal service to residents of its primary market area. The Company considers Clark, Klickitat and Skamania counties of Washington, and Multnomah, Washington and Marion counties of Oregon as its primary market area. The Company is engaged predominantly in the business of attracting deposits from the general public and using such funds in its primary market area to originate commercial business, commercial real estate, multi-family real estate, land, real estate construction, residential real estate and other consumer loans. The Company’s loans receivable, net, totaled $975.9 million at March 31, 2022 compared to $924.1 million at March 31, 2021.

During the last two fiscal years the Bank participated in the U.S. Small Business Administration (“SBA”) Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”), a guaranteed unsecured loan program enacted under the CARES Act to provide near-term relief to help small businesses impacted by COVID-19 sustain operations. The PPP ended on May 31, 2021. Under this program we began processing applications for loan forgiveness in the fourth calendar quarter of 2020. As of March 31, 2022, the Company held SBA PPP loans with a total outstanding balance of $3.1 million.

The Company’s strategic plan includes targeting the commercial banking customer base in its primary market area for loan originations and deposit growth, specifically small and medium size businesses, professionals and wealth building individuals. In pursuit of these goals, the Company will seek to increase the loan portfolio consistent with its strategic plan and asset/liability and regulatory capital objectives, which includes maintaining a significant amount of commercial business and commercial real estate loans in its loan portfolio which carry adjustable rates, higher yields or shorter terms and higher credit risk than traditional fixed-rate consumer real estate one-to-four family mortgages.

Our strategic plan also stresses increased emphasis on non-interest income, including increased fees for asset management through the Trust Company and deposit service charges. The strategic plan is designed to enhance earnings, reduce interest rate risk and provide a more complete range of financial services to customers and the local communities the Company serves. We believe we are well positioned to attract new customers and to increase our market share through our seventeen branches, including, among others, ten in Clark County, three in the Portland metropolitan area and three lending centers.

4

Market Area

The Company conducts operations from its home office in Vancouver, Washington and seventeen branch offices located in Camas, Washougal, Stevenson, White Salmon, Battle Ground, Goldendale, Ridgefield and Vancouver, Washington (six branch offices), and Portland, Gresham, Tualatin and Aumsville, Oregon. The Trust Company has two locations, one in downtown Vancouver, Washington and one in Lake Oswego, Oregon, providing full-service brokerage activities, trust and asset management services. Riverview Mortgage, a mortgage broker division of the Bank, originates mortgage loans for various mortgage companies predominantly in the Vancouver/Portland metropolitan areas, as well as for the Bank. The Bank’s Business and Professional Banking Division, with two lending offices located in Vancouver and one in Portland, offers commercial and business banking services.

Vancouver is located in Clark County, Washington, which is just north of Portland, Oregon. Many businesses are located in the Vancouver area because of the favorable tax structure and lower energy costs in Washington as compared to Oregon. Companies located in the Vancouver area include: Sharp Microelectronics, Hewlett Packard, Georgia Pacific, Underwriters Laboratory, WaferTech, Nautilus, Barrett Business Services, PeaceHealth and Banfield Pet Hospitals, as well as several support industries. In addition to this industry base, the Columbia River Gorge Scenic Area and the Portland metropolitan area are sources of tourism.

Lending Activities

General.  At March 31, 2022, the Company’s net loans receivable totaled $975.9 million, or 56.1% of total assets at that date. The principal lending activity of the Company is the origination of loans collateralized by commercial properties and commercial business loans. A substantial portion of the Company’s loan portfolio is secured by real estate, either as primary or secondary collateral, located in its primary market area. The Company’s lending activities are subject to the written, non-discriminatory, underwriting standards and loan origination procedures established by the Bank’s Board of Directors (“Board”) and management. The customary sources of loan originations are realtors, walk-in customers, referrals and existing customers. The Bank also uses commissioned loan brokers and print advertising to market its products and services. Loans are approved at various levels of management, depending upon the amount of the loan. Our current loan policy generally limits the maximum amount of loans we can make to one borrower to the greater of $500,000 or 15% of unimpaired capital and surplus (except for loans fully secured by certain readily marketable collateral, in which case this limit is increased to 25% of unimpaired capital and surplus). The regulatory limit of loans we can make to one borrower is 20% of total risk-based capital, or $34.0 million, at March 31, 2022. At this date, the Bank’s largest lending relationship with one borrower was $30.3 million, which consisted of a multi-family loan of $18.0 million, a commercial real estate loan of $12.2 million and a consumer loan of $45,000. All loans were performing in accordance with their original payment terms at March 31, 2022.

Loan Portfolio Analysis.  The following table sets forth the composition of the Company’s loan portfolio, excluding loans held for sale, by type of loan at the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

    

At March 31, 

2022

2021

    

Amount

    

Percent

    

Amount

    

Percent

    

Commercial and construction:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

Commercial business

$

228,091

 

23.03

%  

$

265,145

 

28.11

%  

Commercial real estate

 

582,837

 

58.85

 

543,467

 

57.62

Land

11,556

1.16

14,040

1.49

Multi-family

60,211

6.08

45,014

4.77

Real estate construction

 

24,160

 

2.44

 

16,990

 

1.80

Total commercial and construction

 

906,855

 

91.56

 

884,656

 

93.79

Consumer:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Real estate one-to-four family

 

82,006

 

8.28

 

56,405

 

5.98

Other installment

 

1,547

 

0.16

 

2,174

 

0.23

Total consumer

 

83,553

 

8.44

 

58,579

 

6.21

Total loans

 

990,408

 

100.00

%  

 

943,235

 

100.00

%  

Less:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Allowance for loan losses

 

14,523

 

 

19,178

 

Total loans receivable, net

$

975,885

$

924,057

5

Loan Portfolio Composition. The following tables set forth the composition of the Company’s commercial and construction loan portfolio based on loan purpose at the dates indicated (in thousands):

Other

Commercial and

    

Commercial

    

Real Estate

    

Real Estate

    

Construction

Business

Mortgage

Construction

Total

March 31, 2022

Commercial business

$

225,006

$

$

$

225,006

SBA PPP

 

3,085

 

 

 

3,085

Commercial construction

 

 

 

12,741

 

12,741

Office buildings

 

 

124,690

 

 

124,690

Warehouse/industrial

 

 

100,184

 

 

100,184

Retail/shopping centers/strip malls

 

 

97,192

 

 

97,192

Assisted living facilities

 

 

663

 

 

663

Single purpose facilities

 

 

260,108

 

 

260,108

Land

 

 

11,556

 

 

11,556

Multi-family

 

 

60,211

 

 

60,211

One-to-four family construction

 

 

 

11,419

 

11,419

Total

$

228,091

$

654,604

$

24,160

$

906,855

March 31, 2021

    

Commercial business

    

$

171,701

    

$

    

$

    

$

171,701

SBA PPP

93,444

93,444

Commercial construction

 

 

 

9,810

 

9,810

Office buildings

 

 

135,526

 

 

135,526

Warehouse/industrial

 

 

87,880

 

 

87,880

Retail/shopping centers/strip malls

 

 

85,414

 

 

85,414

Assisted living facilities

 

 

854

 

 

854

Single purpose facilities

 

 

233,793

 

 

233,793

Land

 

 

14,040

 

 

14,040

Multi-family

 

 

45,014

 

 

45,014

One-to-four family construction

 

 

 

7,180

 

7,180

Total

$

265,145

$

602,521

$

16,990

$

884,656

Commercial Business Lending. At March 31, 2022, the commercial business loan portfolio totaled $228.1 million, or 23.0% of total loans, including $3.1 million of SBA PPP loans. Commercial business loans are typically secured by business equipment, accounts receivable, inventory or other property. The Company’s commercial business loans may be structured as term loans or as lines of credit. Commercial term loans are generally made to finance the purchase of assets and usually have maturities of five years or less. Commercial lines of credit are typically made for the purpose of providing working capital and usually have a term of one year or less. Lines of credit are made at variable rates of interest equal to a negotiated margin above an index rate and term loans are at either a variable or fixed rate. The Company also generally obtains personal guarantees from financially capable parties based on a review of personal financial statements.

Commercial business lending typically involves risks that are different from those associated with residential and commercial real estate lending. Although commercial business loans are often collateralized by equipment, inventory, accounts receivable or other business assets, the liquidation of collateral in the event of default is often an insufficient source of repayment because accounts receivable may be uncollectible and inventories may be obsolete or of limited use, among other things. Accordingly, the repayment of commercial business loans depends primarily on the cash flow and credit-worthiness of the borrower and secondarily on the underlying collateral provided by the borrower. Additionally, the borrower’s cash flow may be unpredictable and collateral securing these loans may fluctuate in value.

6

Other Real Estate Mortgage Lending. At March 31, 2022, the other real estate mortgage loan portfolio totaled $654.6 million, or 66.1% of total loans. The Company originates other real estate mortgage loans secured by office buildings, warehouse/industrial, retail, assisted living facilities and single-purpose facilities (collectively “commercial real estate loans” or “CRE”); as well as land and multi-family loans primarily located in its market area. At March 31, 2022, owner occupied properties accounted for 27.6% and non-owner occupied properties accounted for 72.4% of the Company’s commercial real estate loan portfolio.

Commercial real estate and multi-family loans typically have higher loan balances, are more difficult to evaluate and monitor, and involve a higher degree of risk than residential one-to-four family loans. As a result, commercial real estate and multi-family loans are generally priced at a higher rate of interest than residential one-to-four family loans. Often payments on loans secured by commercial properties are dependent on the successful operation and management of the property securing the loan or business conducted on the property securing the loan; therefore, repayment of these loans may be affected by adverse conditions in the real estate market or the economy. Real estate lending is generally considered to be collateral based lending with loan amounts based on predetermined loan to collateral values and liquidation of the underlying real estate collateral being viewed as the primary source of repayment in the event of borrower default. The Company seeks to minimize these risks by generally limiting the maximum loan-to-value ratio to 80% and strictly scrutinizing the financial condition of the borrower, the quality of the collateral and the management of the property securing the loan. Loans are secured by first mortgages and often require specified debt service coverage (“DSC”) ratios depending on the characteristics of the collateral. The Company generally imposes a minimum DSC ratio of 1.20 for loans secured by income producing properties. Rates and other terms on such loans generally depend on our assessment of credit risk after considering such factors as the borrower’s financial condition and credit history, loan-to-value ratio, DSC ratio and other factors.

The Company actively pursues commercial real estate loans. Loan demand within the Company’s market area was competitive in fiscal year 2022 as economic conditions and competition for strong credit-worthy borrowers remained high. At March 31, 2022, the Company had one commercial real estate loan of $122,000 on non-accrual status. At March 31, 2021, the Company had one commercial real estate loan of $144,000 on non-accrual status. For more information concerning risks related to commercial real estate loans, see Item 1A. “Risk Factors – Risks Related to Our Lending – Our emphasis on commercial real estate lending may expose us to increased lending risks.”

Land acquisition and development loans are included in the other real estate mortgage loan portfolio balance and represent loans made to developers for the purpose of acquiring raw land and/or for the subsequent development and sale of residential lots. Such loans typically finance land purchases and infrastructure development of properties (e.g. roads, utilities, etc.) with the aim of making improved lots ready for subsequent sales to consumers or builders for ultimate construction of residential units. The primary source of repayment is generally the cash flow from developer sale of lots or improved parcels of land, secondary sources and personal guarantees, which may provide an additional measure of security for such loans. At March 31, 2022, land acquisition and development loans totaled $11.6 million, or 1.16% of total loans compared to $14.0 million, or 1.49% of total loans at March 31, 2021. The largest land acquisition and development loan had an outstanding balance at March 31, 2022 of $3.3 million and was performing according to its original payment terms. At March 31, 2022, all of the land acquisition and development loans were secured by properties located in Washington and Oregon. At March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had no land acquisition and development loans on non-accrual status.

Real Estate Construction. The Company originates three types of residential construction loans: (i) speculative construction loans, (ii) custom/presold construction loans and (iii) construction/permanent loans. The Company also originates construction loans for the development of business properties and multi-family dwellings. All of the Company’s real estate construction loans were made on properties located in Washington and Oregon.

7

The composition of the Company’s construction loan portfolio, including undisbursed funds, was as follows at the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

At March 31, 

 

2022

2021

 

    

Amount (1)

    

Percent

    

Amount (1)

    

Percent

 

 

Speculative construction

    

$

16,561

    

26.22

%  

$

3,598

    

11.76

%

Commercial/multi-family construction

 

37,429

 

59.27

 

14,597

 

47.71

Custom/presold construction

 

9,160

 

14.51

 

10,973

 

35.86

Construction/permanent

 

 

 

1,428

 

4.67

Total

$

63,150

 

100.00

%  

$

30,596

 

100.00

%

(1) Includes undisbursed funds of $39.0 million and $13.6 million at March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

At March 31, 2022, the balance of the Company’s construction loan portfolio, including undisbursed funds, was $63.2 million compared to $30.6 million at March 31, 2021. The $32.6 million increase was primarily due to a $22.8 million increase in commercial/multi-family construction loans along with an increase of $13.0 million in speculative construction loans. The Company plans to continue to proactively manage its construction loan portfolio in fiscal year 2023 while continuing to originate new construction loans to selected customers.

Speculative construction loans are made to home builders and are termed “speculative” because the home builder does not have, at the time of loan origination, a signed contract with a home buyer who has a commitment for permanent financing with either the Company or another lender for the finished home. The home buyer may be identified either during or after the construction period, with the risk that the builder will have to service the speculative construction loan and finance real estate taxes and other carrying costs of the completed home for a significant period of time after the completion of construction until a home buyer is identified. The largest speculative construction loan at March 31, 2022 was a loan to finance the construction of thirty-six townhomes totaling $2.5 million that is secured by  property located in the Company’s market area. The average balance of loans in the speculative construction loan portfolio at March 31, 2022 was $364,000. At March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had no speculative construction loans on non-accrual status.

The composition of land acquisition and development and speculative construction loans by geographical area is as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

    

Northwest

    

Other

    

Southwest

    

Other

    

    

    

Oregon

    

Oregon

    

Washington

    

Washington

    

Total

March 31, 2022

  

  

  

  

  

Land acquisition and development

$

2,111

$

9,445

$

$

11,556

Speculative and presold construction

10,989

430

11,419

Total

$

2,111

$

$

20,434

$

430

$

22,975

March 31, 2021

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

    

Land acquisition and development

$

2,221

$

1,765

$

10,054

$

$

14,040

Speculative and presold construction

 

 

450

 

5,382

 

 

5,832

Total

$

2,221

$

2,215

$

15,436

$

$

19,872

Unlike speculative construction loans, presold construction loans are made for homes that have buyers. Presold construction loans are made to homebuilders who, at the time of construction, have a signed contract with a home buyer who has a commitment for permanent financing for the finished home from the Company or another lender. Presold construction loans are generally originated for a term of 12 months. At March 31, 2022 and 2021, presold construction loans totaled $4.5 million and $4.0 million, respectively.

Unlike speculative and presold construction loans, custom construction loans are made directly to the homeowner. At March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had no custom construction loans. Construction/permanent loans are originated to the homeowner rather than the homebuilder along with a commitment by the Company to originate a permanent loan to the homeowner to repay

8

the construction loan at the completion of construction. The construction phase of a construction/permanent loan generally lasts six to nine months. At the completion of construction, the Company may either originate a fixed-rate mortgage loan or an adjustable rate mortgage (“ARM”) loan or use its mortgage brokerage capabilities to obtain permanent financing for the customer with another lender. For adjustable rate loans, the interest rates adjust on their first adjustment date. See “Mortgage Brokerage” and “Mortgage Loan Servicing” below for more information. At March 31, 2022, the Company had no construction/permanent loans.

The Company provides construction financing for non-residential business properties and multi-family dwellings. At March 31, 2022, commercial construction loans totaled $12.7 million, or 52.7% of total real estate construction loans and 1.3% of total loans. Borrowers may be the business owner/occupier of the building who intends to operate their business from the property upon construction, or non-owner developers. The expected source of repayment of these loans is typically the sale or refinancing of the project upon completion of the construction phase. In certain circumstances, the Company may provide or commit to take-out financing upon construction. Take-out financing is subject to the project meeting specific underwriting guidelines. No assurance can be given that such take-out financing will be available upon project completion. These loans are secured by office buildings, retail rental space, mini storage facilities, assisted living facilities and multi-family dwellings located in the Company’s market area. At March 31, 2022, the largest commercial construction loan had a balance of $4.5 million and was performing according to its original repayment terms. The average balance of loans in the commercial construction loan portfolio at March 31, 2022 was $1.4 million. At March 31, 2022 and 2021, the Company had no commercial construction loans on non-accrual status.

The Company has originated construction and land acquisition and development loans where a component of the cost of the project was the interest required to service the debt during the construction period of the loan, sometimes known as interest reserves. The Company allows disbursements of this interest component as long as the project is progressing as originally projected and if there has been no deterioration in the financial standing of the borrower or the underlying project. If the Company makes a determination that there is such deterioration, or if the loan becomes nonperforming, the Company halts any disbursement of those funds identified for use in paying interest. In some cases, additional interest reserves may be taken by use of deposited funds or through credit lines secured by separate and additional collateral. For additional information concerning the risks related to construction lending, see Item 1A. “Risk Factors – Risks Related to our Lending Activities – Our real estate construction and land acquisition and development loans expose us to risk.”

Consumer Lending. Consumer loans totaled $83.6 million at March 31, 2022 and were comprised of $70.7 million of one-to-four family mortgage loans, $10.5 million of home equity lines of credit, $820,000 of land loans to consumers for the future construction of one-to-four family homes and $1.5 million of other secured and unsecured consumer loans, which included one purchased automobile loan of $6,000.

One-to-four family residences located in the Company’s primary market area secure the majority of the residential loans. Underwriting standards require that one-to-four family portfolio loans generally be owner occupied and that originated loan amounts not exceed 80% (95% with private mortgage insurance) of the lesser of current appraised value or cost of the underlying collateral. Terms typically range from 15 to 30 years. At March 31, 2022, the Company had two residential real estate loans totaling $51,000 on non-accrual status compared to three residential real estate loans totaling $64,000 at March 31, 2021. All of these loans were secured by properties located in Oregon and Washington. The Company no longer originates one-to-four family mortgage loans. During the fiscal year 2022, the Company purchased $43.4 million of one-to-four family loans as a way to supplement loan originations in this category.

The Company also originates a variety of installment loans, including loans for debt consolidation and other purposes, automobile loans, boat loans and savings account loans. At March 31, 2022, the Company had no installment loans on non-accrual status. At March 31, 2021, the Company had no installment loans on non-accrual status other than one purchased automobile loan of  $6,000. The Company did not purchase any automobile loans during fiscal years 2022 and 2021 and does not have plans to purchase any additional automobile loan pools.

Installment consumer loans generally entail greater risk than do residential mortgage loans, particularly in the case of consumer loans that are unsecured or secured by assets that depreciate rapidly, such as mobile homes, automobiles, boats and recreational vehicles. In these cases, we face the risk that any collateral for a defaulted loan may not provide an adequate source of repayment of the outstanding loan balance. Thus, the recovery and sale of such property could be insufficient to compensate us for the principal outstanding on these loans as a result of the greater likelihood of damage, loss or depreciation. The remaining deficiency often does not warrant further collection efforts against the borrower beyond obtaining a deficiency judgment. In addition, consumer loan collections are dependent on the borrower’s continuing financial stability and are more likely to be adversely

9

affected by job loss, divorce, illness or personal bankruptcy. Furthermore, the application of various federal and state laws, including bankruptcy and insolvency laws, may limit our ability to recover on such loans.

Loan Maturity. The following table sets forth certain information at March 31, 2022 regarding the dollar amount of loans maturing in the Company’s total loan portfolio based on their contractual terms to maturity but does not include potential prepayments. Demand loans, loans having no stated schedule of repayments or stated maturity and overdrafts are reported as due in one year or less. Loan balances are reported net of deferred fees (in thousands):

    

Within

    

After 1-5

    

After 5-15

    

Beyond 15

    

    

    

1 Year

    

Years

    

Years

    

Years

    

Total

Commercial and construction:

  

  

  

Commercial business

$

14,177

$

34,947

$

83,502

$

95,465

$

228,091

Commercial real estate

 

15,985

111,344

 

447,362

 

8,146

 

582,837

Land

4,599

5,385

1,572

11,556

Multi-family

112

4,415

54,573

1,111

60,211

Real estate construction

 

9,036

1,056

 

14,068

 

 

24,160

Total commercial and construction

 

43,909

157,147

 

601,077

 

104,722

 

906,855

Consumer:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

Real estate one-to-four family

 

215

704

4,517

76,570

 

82,006

Other installment

 

71

1,165

221

90

 

1,547

Total consumer

 

286

1,869

 

4,738

 

76,660

 

83,553

Total loans

$

44,195

$

159,016

$

605,815

$

181,382

$

990,408

The following table sets forth the dollar amount of loans due after one year from March 31, 2022, which have fixed and adjustable interest rates (in thousands):

    

  

    

Adjustable

    

  

    

Fixed Rate

    

Rate

    

Total

Commercial and construction:

  

  

  

Commercial business

$

133,252

$

80,662

$

213,914

Commercial real estate

 

279,403

 

287,449

 

566,852

Land

2,109

4,848

6,957

Multi-family

47,373

12,726

60,099

Real estate construction

 

3,528

 

11,596

 

15,124

Total commercial and construction

 

465,665

 

397,281

 

862,946

Consumer:

 

  

 

  

 

  

Real estate one-to-four family

 

68,817

 

12,974

 

81,791

Other installment

 

1,074

 

402

 

1,476

Total consumer

 

69,891

 

13,376

 

83,267

Total loans

$

535,556

$

410,657

$

946,213

Loan Commitments. The Company issues commitments to originate commercial loans, other real estate mortgage loans, construction loans, residential mortgage loans and other installment loans conditioned upon the occurrence of certain events. The Company uses the same credit policies in making commitments as it does for on-balance sheet instruments. Commitments to originate loans are conditional and are honored for up to 45 days subject to the Company’s usual terms and conditions. Collateral is not required to support commitments. At March 31, 2022, the Company had outstanding commitments to originate loans of $20.0 million compared to $12.7 million at March 31, 2021.

Mortgage Brokerage. The Company employs commissioned brokers who originate mortgage loans (including construction loans) for various mortgage companies. The loans brokered to mortgage companies are closed in the name of, and funded by, the purchasing mortgage company and are not originated as an asset of the Company. In return, the Company receives a fee ranging from 1.5% to 2.0% of the loan amount that it shares with the commissioned broker. Loans previously brokered to the Company are closed on the Company’s books and the commissioned broker receives a portion of the origination fee. Beginning in fiscal year 2021, the Company transitioned to a model where it no longer originates and sells mortgage loans to the Federal Home Loan Mortgage Company (“FHLMC”) as all mortgage loan originations are instead brokered to various third-party mortgage companies. The Company does, however, continue to service its existing FHLMC portfolio. Brokered loans totaled $58.1 million and $63.0 million for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. There were no loans brokered to the Company

10

for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022 compared to $5.2 million for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021. Gross fees of $1.1 million, including brokered loan fees, were earned in the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022. For the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021, gross fees earned were $1.1 million, which included brokered loan fees and fees for loans sold to the FHLMC. The interest rate environment has a strong influence on the loan volume and amount of fees generated from the mortgage broker activity. In general, during periods of rising interest rates, the volume of loans and the amount of loan fees generally decrease as a result of decreased mortgage loan demand. Conversely, during periods of falling interest rates, the volume of loans and the amount of loan fees generally increase as a result of the increased mortgage loan demand. 

Mortgage Loan Servicing.  The Company is a qualified servicer for the FHLMC. Prior to the fiscal year ended March 31, 2021, the Company historically sold its fixed-rate residential one-to-four family mortgage loans that it originated with maturities of 15 years or more and balloon mortgages to the FHLMC as part of its asset/liability strategy. Mortgage loans were sold to the FHLMC on a non-recourse basis whereby foreclosure losses are the responsibility of the FHLMC and not the Company. Upon sale, the Company continues to collect payments on the loans, supervise foreclosure proceedings, and otherwise service the loans. At March 31, 2022, total loans serviced for others were $79.0 million, of which $44.1 million were serviced for the FHLMC.

Nonperforming Assets. Nonperforming assets were $22.1 million or 1.27% of total assets at March 31, 2022 compared with $571,000 or 0.04% of total assets at March 31, 2021. The Company had net charge-offs totaling $30,000 during fiscal 2022 compared to net recoveries of $254,000 during fiscal 2021. The increase in nonperforming assets is attributed to an increase in nonperforming SBA and United States Department of Agriculture (“USDA”) government guaranteed loans totaling $21.8 million where payments have been delayed due to the servicing transfer of these loans between two third-party servicers.

Loans are reviewed regularly and it is the Company’s general policy that when a loan is 90 days delinquent or when collection of principal or interest appears doubtful, it is placed on non-accrual status, at which time the accrual of interest ceases and a reserve for any unrecoverable accrued interest is established and charged against operations. In general, payments received on non-accrual loans are applied to reduce the outstanding principal balance on a cash-basis method.

The Company continues to proactively manage its residential construction and land acquisition and development loan portfolios. At March 31, 2022, the Company’s residential construction and land acquisition and development loan portfolios were $11.4 million and $11.6 million, respectively, as compared to $7.2 million and $14.0 million, respectively, at March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2022 and 2021, there were no nonperforming loans in the residential construction loan portfolio or the land acquisition and development portfolio. For the years ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, there were no charge-offs or recoveries in the residential construction and land acquisition and development loan portfolios.

The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s nonperforming loans at the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

    

March 31, 2022

    

March 31, 2021

Number of

Number of

    

Loans

    

Balance

    

Loans

    

Balance

Commercial business

 

1

$

100

 

3

$

357

Commercial real estate

 

1

 

122

 

1

 

144

Consumer

 

2

 

51

 

5

 

70

Subtotal

4

273

9

571

SBA Government Guaranteed

66

21,826

Total

 

70

$

22,099

 

9

$

571

The Company continues its efforts to work out problem loans, seek full repayment or pursue foreclosure proceedings and is making progress in regards to the SBA and USDA government guaranteed loan servicing transfer. The Bank holds approximately $29.0 million of the government guaranteed portion of SBA and USDA loans originated by other banks that, when purchased, were placed into a Direct Registration Certificate (“DRC”) program by the SBA’s former fiscal transfer agent, Colson Inc. (“Colson”). Under the DRC program, Colson was required to remit monthly payments to the investor holding the guaranteed balance, whether or not a payment had actually been received from the borrower. In 2020, Colson did not successfully retain its existing contract as the SBA’s fiscal transfer agent and began transitioning servicing over to a new company called Guidehouse. In late 2021, Guidehouse, under their contract with the SBA, declined to continue the DRC program. After declining to continue the DRC program, all payments under the DRC program began to be held by Guidehouse or Colson until the DRC program could

11

be unwound and the DRC holdings converted into normal pass through certificates. As part of unwinding the DRC program, Colson has requested investors who had received payments in advance of the borrower actually remitting payment return advanced funds before they will process the conversion of certificates. The Bank continues to work with Colson on the reconciliation and transfer of these loans. The Bank expects the reconciliation and unwinding process to continue and until these processes are completed for all loans being transferred, all of these loans will be reflected as past due. These nonperforming government guaranteed loans are not considered to be nonaccrual loans because there is no concern of the collectability of the full principal and interest given the Company purchased the guaranteed portion of these loans which is backed by government guaranteed interest certificates.  At March 31, 2022, all of  the Company’s nonperforming loans exclusive of the SBA and USDA government guaranteed loans are to borrowers with properties located in Southwest Washington. At March 31, 2022, 1.01% of the Company’s nonperforming loans, totaling $222,000 were measured for impairment. These loans have been charged down to the estimated fair market value of the collateral less selling costs or carry a specific reserve to reduce the net carrying value. There were no reserves associated with these nonperforming loans that were measured for impairment at March 31, 2022. At March 31, 2022, the largest single nonperforming loan was a USDA government guaranteed loan for $1.1 million. The largest single non-performing loan exclusive of the SBA and USDA government guaranteed loans was a commercial real estate loan for $122,000 at March 31, 2022.

The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s nonperforming assets at the dates indicated (in thousands):

At March 31, 

2022

    

2021

Loans accounted for on a non-accrual basis:

  

  

Commercial business

$

118

$

182

Commercial real estate

 

122

 

144

Consumer

 

51

 

69

Total

 

291

 

395

Accruing loans which are contractually past due 90 days or more

 

21,808

 

176

Total nonperforming loans

 

22,099

 

571

Real estate owned (“REO”)

 

 

Total nonperforming assets

$

22,099

$

571

Foregone interest on non-accrual loans (1)

$

24

$

49

The following tables set forth information regarding the Company’s nonperforming assets by loan type and geographical area at the dates indicated (in thousands):

    

Southwest

    

    

    

    

    

Washington

    

Other

    

Total

March 31, 2022

  

  

  

Commercial business

$

100

$

$

100

Commercial real estate

 

122

 

 

122

Consumer

 

51

 

 

51

Subtotal

273

273

SBA Government Guaranteed

21,826

21,826

Total nonperforming assets

$

273

$

21,826

$

22,099

March 31, 2021

    

    

    

    

    

    

Commercial business

$

182

$

175

$

357

Commercial real estate

 

144

 

 

144

Consumer

 

63

 

7

 

70

Total nonperforming assets

$

389

$

182

$

571

Other loans of concern, which are classified as substandard loans and are not presently included in the non-accrual category, consist of loans where the borrowers have cash flow problems, or the collateral securing the respective loans may be inadequate. In either or both of these situations, the borrowers may be unable to comply with the present loan repayment terms, and the loans

12

may subsequently be included in the non-accrual category. Management considers the allowance for loan losses to be adequate at March 31, 2022, to cover the probable losses inherent in these and other loans.

The following table sets forth information regarding the Company’s other loans of concern at the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

    

March 31, 2022

    

March 31, 2021

Number of

  

Number of

  

    

Loans

    

Balance

    

Loans

    

Balance

Commercial business

 

1

$

45

 

$

Commercial real estate

 

3

 

6,087

 

2

 

7,268

Multi-family

 

 

 

2

 

24

Total

 

4

$

6,132

 

4

$

7,292

At March 31, 2022 and 2021, loans delinquent 30 – 89 days were 0.81% and 0.03% of total loans, respectively. At March 31, 2022, loans 30 – 89 days past due were comprised of SBA government guaranteed loans (which are included in commercial business), real estate construction and consumer loans. The SBA government guaranteed loans comprise a substantial amount of the total loans 30-89 days past due at March 31, 2022. At March 31, 2021, loans 30 – 89 days past due were comprised of commercial business and consumer loans. There were no loans 30 – 89 days past due in our commercial real estate (“CRE”) portfolio at March 31, 2022 or March 31, 2021. At March 31, 2022, CRE loans represent the largest portion of our loan portfolio at 58.85% of total loans and commercial business loans represent 23.03% of total loans.

Troubled debt restructurings (“TDRs”) are loans for which the Company, for economic or legal reasons related to the borrower’s financial condition, has granted a concession to the borrower that it would otherwise not consider. A TDR typically involves a modification of terms such as a reduction of the stated interest rate or face amount of the loan, a reduction of accrued interest, and/or an extension of the maturity date(s) at a stated interest rate lower than the current market rate for a new loan with similar risk.

TDRs are considered impaired loans when a loan is deemed to be impaired, the amount of the impairment is measured using discounted cash flows and the original note rate, except when the loan is collateral dependent. In these cases, the estimated fair value of the collateral (less any selling costs, if applicable) is used. Impairment is recognized as a specific component within the allowance for loan losses if the estimated value of the impaired loan is less than the recorded investment in the loan. When the amount of the impairment represents a confirmed loss, it is charged-off against the allowance for loan losses. At March 31, 2022, the Company had TDRs totaling $717,000, of which $495,000 were on accrual status. The $222,000 of TDRs accounted for on a non-accrual basis at March 31, 2022 are included as nonperforming loans in the nonperforming asset table above. All of the Company’s TDRs were paying as agreed at March 31, 2022. The related amount of interest income recognized on these TDR loans was $24,000 for the year ended March 31, 2022.

The Company has determined that, in certain circumstances, it is appropriate to split a loan into multiple notes. This typically includes a nonperforming charged-off loan that is not supported by the cash flow of the relationship and a performing loan that is supported by the cash flow. These may also be split into multiple notes to align portions of the loan balance with the various sources of repayment when more than one exists. Generally, the new loans are restructured based on customary underwriting standards. In situations where they are not, the policy exception qualifies as a concession, and if the borrower is experiencing financial difficulties, the loans are accounted for as TDRs. At March 31, 2022, no loans had been restructured in this manner.

The accrual status of a loan may change after it has been classified as a TDR. The Company’s general policy related to TDRs is to perform a credit evaluation of the borrower’s financial condition and prospects for repayment under the revised terms. This evaluation includes consideration of the borrower’s sustained historical repayment performance for a reasonable period of time. A sustained period of repayment performance generally would be a minimum of six months and may include repayments made prior to the restructuring date. If repayment of principal and interest appears doubtful, it is placed on non-accrual status.

In accordance with the Company’s policy guidelines, unsecured loans are generally charged-off when no payments have been received for three consecutive months unless an alternative action plan is in effect. Consumer installment loans delinquent six months or more that have not received at least 75% of their required monthly payment in the last 90 days are charged-off. In addition, loans discharged in bankruptcy proceedings are charged-off. Loans under bankruptcy protection with no payments received for four consecutive months are charged-off. The outstanding balance of a secured loan that is in excess of the net realizable value is generally charged-off if no payments are received for four to five consecutive months. However, charge-offs

13

are postponed if alternative proposals to restructure, obtain additional guarantors, obtain additional assets as collateral or a potential sale of the underlying collateral would result in full repayment of the outstanding loan balance. Once any other potential sources of repayment are exhausted, the impaired portion of the loan is charged-off. Regardless of whether a loan is unsecured or collateralized, once an amount is determined to be a confirmed loan loss it is promptly charged-off.

Asset Classification. Federal regulations provide for the classification of lower quality loans and other assets (such as other real estate owned and repossessed property), debt and equity securities, as substandard, doubtful or loss. An asset is considered substandard if it is inadequately protected by the current net worth and pay capacity of the borrower or of any collateral pledged. Substandard assets have a well-defined weakness and include those characterized by the distinct possibility that the Company will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected. Assets classified as doubtful have all the weaknesses inherent in those classified substandard with the additional characteristic that the weaknesses present make collection or liquidation in full highly questionable and improbable, on the basis of currently existing facts, conditions, and values. Assets classified as loss are those considered uncollectible and of such little value that their continuance as assets without the establishment of a specific loss reserve is not warranted.

When the Company classifies problem assets as either substandard or doubtful, we may determine that the loan is impaired and establish a specific allowance in an amount we deem prudent to address the risk specifically or we may allow the loss to be addressed in the general allowance. General allowances represent loss allowances which have been established to recognize the inherent risk associated with lending activities, but which, unlike specific allowances, have not been specifically allocated to particular problem assets. When a problem asset is classified by us as a loss, we are required to charge off the asset in the period in which it is deemed uncollectible.

The aggregate amount of the Company’s classified loans (comprised entirely of substandard loans), general loss allowances, specific loss allowances and net charge-offs (recoveries) were as follows at the dates indicated (in thousands):

    

At or For the Year

Ended March 31, 

    

2022

    

2021

Classified loans

$

6,405

$

7,687

General loss allowances

 

14,515

 

19,167

Specific loss allowances

 

8

 

11

Net charge-offs (recoveries)

 

30

 

(254)

All of the loans on non-accrual status as of March 31, 2022 were categorized as classified loans with the exception of one commercial business loan for $18,000 which is fully guaranteed by the SBA. Classified loans at March 31, 2022 were comprised of three commercial business loans totaling $145,000, four commercial real estate loans totaling $6.2 million (the largest of which was $3.6 million) and two one-to-four family real estate loans totaling $51,000. The net decrease in classified loans is primarily attributed to the downgrade of two commercial real estate loans totaling $2.4 million offset by risk rating upgrades totaling $3.6 million. As discussed earlier, nonperforming SBA and USDA government guaranteed loans totaled $21.8 million. These nonperforming government guaranteed loans are not considered classified as there is no well-defined weakness and do not include the distinct possibility that the Company will sustain some loss if the deficiencies are not corrected in regard to these loans. The Company purchased the guaranteed portion of these loans which is backed by government guaranteed interest certificates and expects to receive all principal and interest on these loans.

Allowance for Loan Losses. The Company maintains an allowance for loan losses to provide for probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio consistent with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (“GAAP”) guidelines. The adequacy of the allowance is evaluated monthly to maintain the allowance at levels sufficient to provide for inherent losses existing at the balance sheet date. The key components to the evaluation are the Company’s internal loan review function by its credit administration, which reviews and monitors the risk and quality of the loan portfolio; as well as the Company’s external loan reviews and its loan classification systems. Credit officers are expected to monitor their loan portfolios and make recommendations to change loan grades whenever changes are warranted. Credit administration approves any changes to loan grades and monitors loan grades. For additional discussion of the Company’s methodology for assessing the appropriate level of the allowance for loan losses see Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations – Critical Accounting Policies.”

14

In accordance with GAAP, loans acquired from MBank during the fiscal year ended March 31, 2017 were recorded at their estimated fair value, which resulted in a net discount to the loans’ contractual amounts, of which a portion reflects a discount for possible credit losses. Credit discounts are included in the determination of fair value, and, as a result, no allowance for loan losses is recorded for acquired loans at the acquisition date. The discount recorded on the acquired loans is not reflected in the allowance for loan losses or related allowance coverage ratios. However, we believe it should be considered when comparing certain financial ratios of the Company calculated in periods after the MBank transaction, compared to the same financial ratios of the Company in periods prior to the MBank transaction. The net discount on these acquired loans was $371,000 and $722,000 at March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively.

The Company recorded a recapture of loan losses of $4.6 million for the year ended March 31, 2022 compared to a provision for loan losses of $6.3 million for the year ended March 31, 2021. The decrease in the allowance for loan losses in fiscal year 2022 was primarily due to the continued improvement since March 31, 2021 in the national and local economy associated with the recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic. Our SBA PPP loans were omitted from the calculation of the required allowance for loan losses at March 31, 2022 and 2021 as these loans are fully guaranteed by the SBA and management expected that a majority of SBA PPP borrowers at those dates would seek full or partial forgiveness of their loan obligations from the SBA, which in turn, will reimburse the Bank for the amount forgiven.

At March 31, 2022, the Company had an allowance for loan losses of $14.5 million, or 1.47% of total loans, compared to $19.2 million, or 2.03% at March 31, 2021. Net charge-offs totaled $30,000 for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2022 compared to net recoveries of $254,000 in the prior fiscal year. Criticized loans decreased $34.7 million to $7.8 million at March 31, 2022 from $42.5 million at March 31, 2021. Classified loans decreased $1.3 million to $6.4 million at March 31, 2022 compared to $7.7 million at March 31, 2021. The decrease in criticized and classified loans reflects risk rating upgrades primarily associated with loans that were previously downgraded due to COVID-19 loan modifications. The coverage ratio of allowance for loan losses to nonperforming loans was 65.72% at March 31, 2022 compared to 3,358.67% at March 31, 2021. The Company’s general valuation allowance to non-impaired loans was 1.47% and 2.04% at March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The level of delinquent and non-performing loans at March 31, 2022 has increased significantly compared to March 31, 2021. However, a substantial amount of the increases in both categories are purchased commercial business loans that are fully guaranteed by the SBA or USDA. Since these loans are fully guaranteed by the SBA or USDA, these government guaranteed loans are not considered to be nonaccrual loans given the Company expects to receive all principal and interest and not considered to be classified loans because there are no well-defined weaknesses or risk of loss. Given these government guaranteed loans are neither nonaccrual loans nor classified loans, these loans are not considered to be impaired loans based on the Company’s policy. As these loans are not considered to be impaired loans and are fully guaranteed by the SBA or USDA, these loans are omitted from the required allowance calculation. The coverage ratio of allowance for loan losses to nonperforming loans not including the SBA and USDA government guaranteed loans is 5,319.78%.

Management considers the allowance for loan losses to be adequate at March 31, 2022 to cover probable losses inherent in the loan portfolio based on the assessment of various factors affecting the loan portfolio, and the Company believes it has established its existing allowance for loan losses in accordance with GAAP. However, a decline in national and local economic conditions (including declines as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic), results of examinations by the Company’s banking regulators, or other factors could result in a material increase in the allowance for loan losses and may adversely affect the Company’s future financial condition and results of operations. In addition, because future events affecting borrowers and collateral cannot be predicted with certainty, there can be no assurance that the existing allowance for loan losses will be adequate or that substantial increases will not be necessary should the quality of any loans deteriorate or should collateral values decline as a result of the factors discussed elsewhere in this document.

15

The following table sets forth the breakdown of the allowance for loan losses by loan category as of the dates indicated (dollars in thousands):

At March 31, 

2022

2021

Loan Category

Loan Category

as a Percent

as a Percent

    

Amount

    

of Total Loans

    

Amount

    

of Total Loans

    

Commercial and construction:

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

  

 

Commercial business

$

2,422

 

23.03

%  

$

2,416

 

28.11

%  

Commercial real estate

9,037

58.85

14,089

57.62

Land

168

1.16

233

1.49

Multi-family

845

6.08

638

4.77

Real estate construction

 

393

 

2.44

 

294

 

1.80

Consumer:

 

 

 

  

 

  

Real estate one-to-four family

 

905

 

8.28

 

794

 

5.98

Other installment

 

38

 

0.16

 

58

 

0.23

Unallocated

 

715

 

 

656

 

Total allowance for loan losses

$

14,523