NEWS RELEASE
a3q18earningsreleasef_image1.jpg
Further Information Contacts:
AT OLD REPUBLIC:
AT FINANCIAL RELATIONS BOARD:
A. C. Zucaro: Chairman & CEO
Analysts/Investors: Marilynn Meek
(312) 346-8100
(212) 827-3773
 
OLD REPUBLIC REPORTS RESULTS FOR THE THIRD QUARTER AND FIRST NINE MONTHS OF 2018
CHICAGO – October 25, 2018 – Old Republic International Corporation (NYSE: ORI) today reported the following consolidated results (a):
 
Quarters Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Pretax income (loss)
$
335.1

 
$
59.6

 
$
575.7

 
$
370.7

Pretax investment gains (losses) included in pretax income (loss)
 
135.7

 
 
35.8

 
 
72.6

 
 
57.5

Pretax income (loss) excluding investment gains (losses)
$
199.3

 
$
23.8

 
$
503.0

 
$
313.1

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss)
$
275.2

 
$
46.1

 
$
477.0

 
$
260.9

Net of tax investment gains (losses) included in net income (loss)
 
107.2

 
 
23.2

 
 
57.4

 
 
37.3

Net income (loss) excluding investment gains (losses)
$
167.9

 
$
22.8

 
$
419.6

 
$
223.5

As noted on pages 2 and 3, performance comparisons among the periods reported upon are affected by two significant events in 2018, and by special operating charges in 2017. The components of net income (loss) on a per share basis are shown in the Financial Highlights below.



FINANCIAL HIGHLIGHTS (a)
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
SUMMARY INCOME STATEMENTS:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net premiums and fees earned
$
1,504.8

 
$
1,433.4

 
5.0
 %
 
$
4,255.5

 
$
4,097.3

 
3.9
 %
Net investment income
 
108.7

 
 
103.3

 
5.3

 
 
321.5

 
 
305.7

 
5.2

Other income
 
30.4

 
 
20.4

 
48.5

 
 
91.1

 
 
76.3

 
19.5

Total operating revenues
 
1,644.0

 
 
1,557.2

 
5.6

 
 
4,668.2

 
 
4,479.4

 
4.2

Investment gains (losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized from actual transactions
 
7.3

 
 
35.8

 
 
 
 
54.8

 
 
57.5

 
 
Unrealized from changes in fair value of equity securities
 
128.4

 
 

 
 
 
 
17.7

 
 

 
 
Total investment gains (losses)
 
135.7

 
 
35.8

 
 
 
 
72.6

 
 
57.5

 
 
Total revenues
 
1,779.7

 
 
1,593.0

 
 
 
 
4,740.9

 
 
4,536.9

 
 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Claim costs
 
619.4

 
 
766.4

 
-19.2

 
 
1,820.8

 
 
1,944.7

 
-6.4

Sales and general expenses
 
815.2

 
 
751.1

 
8.5

 
 
2,310.0

 
 
2,173.1

 
6.3

Interest and other costs
 
9.9

 
 
15.8

 
-37.0

 
 
34.3

 
 
48.3

 
-28.9

Total operating expenses
 
1,444.6

 
 
1,533.3

 
-5.8
 %
 
 
4,165.2

 
 
4,166.2

 
 %
Pretax income (loss)
 
335.1

 
 
59.6

 
 
 
 
575.7

 
 
370.7

 
 
Income taxes (credits)
 
59.8

 
 
13.4

 
 
 
 
98.6

 
 
109.7

 
 
Net income (loss)
$
275.2

 
$
46.1

 
 
 
$
477.0

 
$
260.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
COMMON STOCK STATISTICS:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) per share: Basic
$
0.92

 
$
0.18

 
 
 
$
1.63

 
$
1.00

 
 
Net income (loss) per share: Diluted
$
0.92

 
$
0.17

 
 
 
$
1.59

 
$
0.91

 
 
Components of net income (loss) per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic net income (loss) excluding investment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
gains (losses)
$
0.56

 
$
0.09

 
 
 
$
1.43

 
$
0.86

 
 
Net investment gains (losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized from actual transactions
 
0.02

 
 
0.09

 
 
 
 
0.15

 
 
0.14

 
 
Unrealized from changes in fair value of
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
equity securities
 
0.34

 
 

 
 
 
 
0.05

 
 

 
 
Basic net income (loss)
$
0.92

 
$
0.18

 
 
 
$
1.63

 
$
1.00

 
 
Diluted net income (loss) excluding investment
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
gains (losses)
$
0.56

 
$
0.09

 
 
 
$
1.40

 
$
0.79

 
 
Net investment gains (losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized from actual transactions
 
0.02

 
 
0.08

 
 
 
 
0.14

 
 
0.12

 
 
Unrealized from changes in fair value of
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
equity securities
 
0.34

 
 

 
 
 
 
0.05

 
 

 
 
Diluted net income (loss)
$
0.92

 
$
0.17

 
 
 
$
1.59

 
$
0.91

 
 
Cash dividends on common stock
$
0.1950

 
$
0.1900

 
2.6
 %
 
$
0.5850

 
$
0.5700

 
2.6
 %
Book value per share
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
17.76

 
$
18.05

 
-1.6
 %
Common shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Average basic
299,006,345
 
 
261,380,896
 
 
14.4
 %
 
292,565,008
 
 
261,181,220
 
 
12.0
 %
Average diluted
300,374,004
 
 
298,529,626
 
 
0.6
 %
 
301,125,090
 
 
298,559,757
 
 
0.9
 %
Actual, end of period
 
 
 
 
 
 
302,643,075
 
 
263,806,691
 
 
14.7
 %
__________________
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
(a) All amounts in this report are stated in millions except common stock data and percentages.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 




Old Republic International Corporation


Effective January 1, 2018, two significant events transpired that have a bearing on the year-over-year comparability of consolidated pretax and net income. One arises from a new rule of the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) that now requires the inclusion of unrealized investment gains or losses emanating from changes in the fair value of equity (but not fixed maturity) securities in the determination of pre and post-tax income. The second relates to a reduction of nominal Federal corporate income tax rates from 35% to 21%.

The realization of investment gains or losses can be highly discretionary and can be affected by such randomly occurring factors as the timing of individual securities sales, the recording of estimated losses from write-downs of impaired securities, tax-planning and tax-rate change considerations, and modifications of investment management judgments regarding the direction of securities markets or the future prospects of individual investees or industry sectors. The inclusion, starting in 2018, of securities market-driven changes in equity investments’ valuations will most likely produce, as it has in 2018, greater period-to-period fluctuations in reported net income, particularly at times of significant instability or volatility in such markets. The above-noted FASB change, however, has no effect on the determination of such critical elements as current income taxes, debt-to-equity ratios, shareholders’ equity, or insurance subsidiaries’ operations and their ability to pay dividends to the ORI holding company parent.

The tables on page 1 show the components of consolidated pretax and net income to highlight the effects of total realized and, beginning in 2018, unrealized investment gains or losses of equity securities on period-to-period comparisons. Management uses income exclusive of all investment gains (losses) to analyze, evaluate, and establish accountability for the results of Old Republic’s basic insurance operating performance. Net income, however, is the measure of total profitability according to generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”).

The table on the following page presents the major segmented elements of the Company’s financial performance. This reflects: 1) the above-cited significant events for 2018, and 2) special operating charges for the third quarter and nine months 2017 consisting of: (a) General insurance claims provisions ($20.0 million) associated with then current evaluations of hurricane claim exposures, and (b) additional claim and related expense provisions ($130.0 million) applicable to final settlements and probable dispositions of all known litigated and other claims costs incurred by the Company’s RFIG run-off business during the Great Recession years and their aftermath.

Underwriting and related services income (loss) consists of premiums, fees, and other income reduced by claim costs and sales and general expenses. Segmented and consolidated pretax income (loss) excluding investment gains (losses) consists of underwriting and related services income (loss) added to net investment income, and reduced by interest and other charges. In addition to the matters cited in the four paragraphs immediately above, 2018 pretax and net income excluding realized and unrealized investment gains (losses) benefitted most significantly from improved general insurance underwriting and related services performance, moderate growth in investment income, and reduced debt interest charges.

Generally speaking taxable income elements emanating from: (a) underwriting and related services and (b) investments in corporate and federal government debt securities are taxed at the nominal tax rates in effect during the reporting periods. Income emanating from: (c) investment in states’ and their subdivisions’ debt securities and (d) dividends earned on equity securities are taxed at a reduced nominal tax rate. The following table shows the effective income tax rate which results from application of such nominal or nominally-adjusted tax rates to the various components of taxable income.

 
Quarters Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
September 30,
 
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income (loss)
17.9
%
 
22.6
%
 
17.1
%
 
29.6
%
Realized investment gains (losses)
21.0
%
 
35.0
%
 
21.0
%
 
35.0
%
Unrealized investment gains (losses)
21.0
%
 
N/A

 
20.8
%
 
N/A

Net income (loss) excluding investment gains (losses)
15.7
%
 
4.0
%
 
16.6
%
 
28.6
%



2


Old Republic International Corporation


 
Major Segmented and Consolidated Elements of Income (Loss)
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
Net premiums, fees, and other income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General insurance
$
841.5

 
$
801.3

 
5.0
 %
 
$
2,441.3

 
$
2,313.7

 
5.5
 %
Title insurance
 
640.7

 
 
596.8

 
7.4

 
 
1,743.6

 
 
1,670.5

 
4.4

Corporate and other
 
4.2

 
 
5.0

 
-14.8

 
 
11.2

 
 
14.4

 
-22.2

Other income
 
30.4

 
 
20.4

 
48.5

 
 
91.1

 
 
76.3

 
19.5

Subtotal
 
1,517.0

 
 
1,423.7

 
6.6

 
 
4,287.4

 
 
4,074.9

 
5.2

RFIG run-off business
 
18.2

 
 
30.2

 
-39.7

 
 
59.2

 
 
98.7

 
-39.9

Consolidated total
$
1,535.2

 
$
1,453.9

 
5.6
 %
 
$
4,346.7

 
$
4,173.6

 
4.1
 %
Underwriting and related services income (loss):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General insurance
$
37.0

 
$
(4.4
)
 
935.0
 %
 
$
78.0

 
$
25.4

 
206.7
 %
Title insurance
 
58.7

 
 
59.6

 
-1.6

 
 
132.6

 
 
150.7

 
-12.0

Corporate and other (a)
 
(4.0
)
 
 
(3.7
)
 
-7.5

 
 
(17.4
)
 
 
(15.5
)
 
-12.1

Subtotal
 
91.7

 
 
51.5

 
78.2

 
 
193.2

 
 
160.6

 
20.3

RFIG run-off business
 
8.7

 
 
(115.1
)
 
107.6

 
 
22.6

 
 
(104.8
)
 
121.6

Consolidated total
$
100.5

 
$
(63.6
)
 
257.9
 %
 
$
215.8

 
$
55.8

 
286.8
 %
Consolidated composite ratio:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Claim ratio
 
41.2
%
 
 
53.5
%
 
 
 
 
42.8
%
 
 
47.5
%
 
 
Expense ratio
 
51.9

 
 
50.8

 
 
 
 
51.9

 
 
50.9

 
 
Composite ratio
 
93.1
%
 
 
104.3
%
 
 
 
 
94.7
%
 
 
98.4
%
 
 
Net investment income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General insurance
$
86.1

 
$
80.0

 
7.5
 %
 
$
253.8

 
$
238.0

 
6.6
 %
Title insurance
 
9.8

 
 
9.1

 
7.3

 
 
28.8

 
 
27.9

 
3.3

Corporate and other
 
8.1

 
 
8.6

 
-5.0

 
 
23.4

 
 
23.2

 
0.8

Subtotal
 
104.1

 
 
97.8

 
6.4

 
 
306.1

 
 
289.2

 
5.8

RFIG run-off business
 
4.6

 
 
5.4

 
-15.3

 
 
15.4

 
 
16.4

 
-6.1

Consolidated total
$
108.7

 
$
103.3

 
5.3
 %
 
$
321.5

 
$
305.7

 
5.2
 %
Interest and other charges:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General insurance
$
18.0

 
$
15.8

 
 
 
$
52.7

 
$
47.2

 
 
Title insurance
 
0.8

 
 
1.5

 
 
 
 
3.2

 
 
5.8

 
 
Corporate and other (b)
 
(8.9
)
 
 
(1.6
)
 
 
 
 
(21.6
)
 
 
(4.8
)
 
 
Subtotal
 
9.9

 
 
15.8

 
 
 
 
34.3

 
 
48.3

 
 
RFIG run-off business
 

 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 

 
 
Consolidated total
$
9.9

 
$
15.8

 
-37.1
 %
 
$
34.3

 
$
48.3

 
-28.9
 %
Segmented and consolidated pretax income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (loss) excluding investment gains (losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
General insurance
$
105.1

 
$
59.7

 
75.9
 %
 
$
279.1

 
$
216.2

 
29.1
 %
Title insurance
 
67.7

 
 
67.3

 
0.6

 
 
158.2

 
 
172.8

 
-8.5

Corporate and other
 
13.1

 
 
6.5

 
101.6

 
 
27.6

 
 
12.4

 
121.0

Subtotal
 
185.9

 
 
133.5

 
39.2

 
 
464.9

 
 
401.5

 
15.8

RFIG run-off business
 
13.3

 
 
(109.7
)
 
112.2

 
 
38.0

 
 
(88.3
)
 
143.1

Consolidated pretax income (loss) excluding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 investment gains (losses)
 
199.3

 
 
23.8

 
735.5
 %
 
 
503.0

 
 
313.1

 
60.6
 %
Income taxes (credits) on above
 
31.3

 
 
0.9

 
 
 
 
83.4

 
 
89.6

 
 
Net income (loss) excluding
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 investment gains (losses)
 
167.9

 
 
22.8

 
 
 
 
419.6

 
 
223.5

 
 
Pretax investment gains (losses):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Realized from actual transactions
 
7.3

 
 
35.8

 
 
 
 
54.8

 
 
57.5

 
 
Unrealized from changes in fair value of equity securities
 
128.4

 
 

 
 
 
 
17.7

 
 

 
 
Total realized and unrealized investment gains (losses)
 
135.7

 
 
35.8

 
 
 
 
72.6

 
 
57.5

 
 
Income taxes (credits) on investment gains (losses)
 
28.5

 
 
12.5

 
 
 
 
15.2

 
 
20.1

 
 
Net of tax investment gains (losses)
 
107.2

 
 
23.2

 
 
 
 
57.4

 
 
37.3

 
 
Net income (loss)
$
275.2

 
$
46.1

 
 
 
$
477.0

 
$
260.9

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net operating cash flows:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
597.1

 
$
522.1

 
14.4
 %
Exclusive of RFIG run-off business
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
$
620.0

 
$
598.6

 
3.6
 %
__________________
(a) Includes general administrative expenses.
(b) Includes external interest costs, net of interest charges on intercompany financing arrangements, and consolidation/elimination entries.

3


Old Republic International Corporation


General Insurance Segment Results - The table below shows the major elements affecting this segment’s financial performance for the interim periods reported upon.
 
 
General Insurance Business
 
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
Net premiums earned
 
$
841.5

 
$
801.3

 
5.0
 %
 
$
2,441.3

 
$
2,313.7

 
5.5
%
Net investment income
 
 
86.1

 
 
80.0

 
7.5

 
 
253.8

 
 
238.0

 
6.6

Other income
 
 
30.2

 
 
20.4

 
48.1

 
 
90.5

 
 
75.8

 
19.5

Operating revenues
 
 
957.8

 
 
901.8

 
6.2

 
 
2,785.7

 
 
2,627.6

 
6.0

Claim costs (a)
 
 
595.0

 
 
608.7

 
-2.3

 
 
1,739.3

 
 
1,709.5

 
1.7

Sales and general expenses
 
 
239.6

 
 
217.4

 
10.2

 
 
714.5

 
 
654.5

 
9.2

Interest and other costs
 
 
18.0

 
 
15.8

 
13.9

 
 
52.7

 
 
47.2

 
11.5

Operating expenses
 
 
852.7

 
 
842.0

 
1.3

 
 
2,506.6

 
 
2,411.3

 
3.9

Segment pretax operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (loss) (b)
 
$
105.1

 
$
59.7

 
75.9
 %
 
$
279.1

 
$
216.2

 
29.1
%
Claim ratio
 
70.7
%
 
76.0
%
 
 
 
71.2
%
 
73.9
%
 
 
Expense ratio
 
24.9

 
24.6

 
 
 
25.6

 
25.0

 
 
Composite ratio
 
95.6
%
 
100.6
%
 
 
 
96.8
%
 
98.9
%
 
 
__________________
(a)
General insurance pretax results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include hurricane-related claim costs of $20.0.
(b)
In connection with the run-off mortgage guaranty ("MI") and consumer credit indemnity ("CCI") combination, $0.2 and $0.7 of pretax operating income for the third quarter and first nine months of 2018, and $106.3 and $123.0 of pretax operating losses for the third quarter and first nine months of 2017, respectively, were retained by certain general insurance companies pursuant to various quota share and stop loss reinsurance agreements. All of these amounts, however, have been reclassified such that 100% of the CCI run-off business is reported in the RFIG run-off segment.

With few exceptions, earned premiums grew for most types of coverages and markets served. The cumulative effects of recent years’ and ongoing premium rate increases for several insurance products, along with new business production were main contributory elements to premium growth. Higher premiums stemmed primarily from commercial automobile (trucking), national accounts, auto warranty, and the various coverages offered by a new underwriting facility established in early 2015. Net investment income gained in the context of a slightly higher invested asset base and relatively stable yield environment.

As the table below indicates, year-over-year claim ratios trended down in this year’s first nine months. Better performance was driven by Old Republic’s large books of workers’ compensation and commercial automobile (trucking) coverages in particular. The improvement in this largest of cost elements was aided by slightly lower estimates of current year claim provisions, and a lessened impact from development of prior years’ reserve estimates.

The table below shows recent annual and interim periods’ claim ratio trends:
 
 
 
 
Effect of Prior Periods'
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Favorable)/
 
Claim Ratio Excluding Prior
 
 
 
 
Unfavorable Claim
 
Periods' Claim Reserves
 
 
Reported Claim Ratio
 
Reserves Development
 
Development
2013
 
73.6%
 
(0.9)%
 
74.5%
2014
 
77.9
 
3.9
 
74.0
2015
 
74.1
 
1.5
 
72.6
2016
 
73.0
 
0.3
 
72.7
2017
 
71.8%
 
0.7%
 
71.1%
3rd Quarter 2017
 
76.0%
 
1.7%
 
74.3%
3rd Quarter 2018
 
70.7%
 
(1.0)%
 
71.7%
1st Nine Months 2017
 
73.9%
 
1.8%
 
72.1%
1st Nine Months 2018
 
71.2%
 
0.3%
 
70.9%

As this year is progressing, the expense ratio is staying aligned with revenue trends.

Quarterly and even annual claim provisions and the trends they display may not be particularly meaningful indicators of future outcomes for Old Republic’s liability-oriented mix of business. Absent significant economic and insurance industry dislocations in the foreseeable future, it is currently anticipated that reported claim ratios can be expected to fall within targeted averages in the high 60 to low 70 percent range. The current mix of business should reflect an expense ratio ranging between 23 and 25 percent.



4


Old Republic International Corporation


Title Insurance Segment Results - The table below shows the major elements affecting this segment’s financial performance for the interim periods reported upon.
 
 
Title Insurance Business
 
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
Net premiums and fees earned
 
$
640.7

 
$
596.8

 
7.4
 %
 
$
1,743.6

 
$
1,670.5

 
4.4
 %
Net investment income
 
 
9.8

 
 
9.1

 
7.3

 
 
28.8

 
 
27.9

 
3.3

Other income
 
 
0.1

 
 
0.1

 
88.5

 
 
0.6

 
 
0.5

 
24.9

Operating revenues
 
 
650.8

 
 
606.1

 
7.4

 
 
1,773.1

 
 
1,699.0

 
4.4

Claim costs
 
 
15.1

 
 
12.3

 
22.2

 
 
45.0

 
 
34.6

 
30.0

Sales and general expenses
 
 
567.1

 
 
524.9

 
8.0

 
 
1,566.6

 
 
1,485.6

 
5.4

Interest and other costs
 
 
0.8

 
 
1.5

 
-46.1

 
 
3.2

 
 
5.8

 
-43.8

Operating expenses
 
 
583.1

 
 
538.8

 
8.2

 
 
1,614.9

 
 
1,526.1

 
5.8

Segment pretax operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (loss)
 
$
67.7

 
$
67.3

 
0.6
 %
 
$
158.2

 
$
172.8

 
-8.5
 %
Claim ratio
 
2.4
%
 
2.1
%
 
 
 
2.6
%
 
2.1
%
 
 
Expense ratio
 
88.5

 
87.9

 
 
 
89.8

 
88.9

 
 
Composite ratio
 
90.9
%
 
90.0
%
 
 
 
92.4
%
 
91.0
%
 
 

2018 year-over-year comparisons of revenues from title premiums and fees reflect mid-single digit growth paced by independent agents’ production and a slower rise in directly-produced business. By contrast, claim costs trended higher as favorable development of prior years’ claim reserve estimates edged down. The following table shows recent annual and interim periods’ claim ratio trends:
 
 
 
 
Effect of Prior Periods'
 
 
 
 
 
 
(Favorable)/
 
Claim Ratio Excluding Prior
 
 
 
 
Unfavorable Claim
 
Periods' Claim Reserves
 
 
Reported Claim Ratio
 
Reserves Development
 
Development
2013
 
6.7%
 
(0.2)%
 
6.9%
2014
 
5.2
 
(0.8)
 
6.0
2015
 
4.9
 
(0.6)
 
5.5
2016
 
3.8
 
(1.1)
 
4.9
2017
 
0.9%
 
(3.3)%
 
4.2%
3rd Quarter 2017
 
2.1%
 
(2.1)%
 
4.2%
3rd Quarter 2018
 
2.4%
 
(1.8)%
 
4.2%
1st Nine Months 2017
 
2.1%
 
(2.1)%
 
4.2%
1st Nine Months 2018
 
2.6%
 
(1.5)%
 
4.1%

Net investment income reflected a relatively stable invested asset balance and investment yield environment. The operating expense ratio is staying within range of expectations for this segment’s current and foreseeable business environment.


5


Old Republic International Corporation


RFIG Run-off Segment Results - The table below shows the major elements affecting this segment’s financial performance for the interim periods reported upon.
 
RFIG Run-off Business
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
 
2018
 
2017
 
Change
A. Mortgage Insurance (MI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net premiums earned
 
$
17.8

 
$
25.6

 
-30.3
 %
 
$
58.0

 
$
86.1

 
-32.6
 %
Net investment income
 
 
4.3

 
 
5.1

 
-13.8

 
 
14.7

 
 
15.4

 
-4.3

Claim costs (a)
 
 
5.5

 
 
29.9

 
-81.4
 %
 
 
23.3

 
 
51.2

 
-54.4

MI pretax operating income (loss)
 
$
13.2

 
$
(3.0
)
 
N/M

 
$
37.9

 
$
35.7

 
6.2
 %
Claim ratio (a)
 
31.1
%
 
116.8
%
 
 
 
40.2
%
 
59.5
%
 
 
Expense ratio
 
19.1

 
14.9

 
 
 
19.9

 
16.9

 
 
Composite ratio
 
50.2
%
 
131.7
%
 
 
 
60.1
%
 
76.4
%
 
 
B. Consumer Credit Indemnity (CCI)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net premiums earned
 
$
0.3

 
$
4.5

 
-92.1
 %
 
$
1.2

 
$
12.5

 
-90.4
 %
Net investment income
 
 
0.2

 
 
0.3

 
-38.5

 
 
0.6

 
 
1.0

 
-34.5

Claim costs (a)
 
 
0.1

 
 
111.1

 
-99.9

 
 
0.5

 
 
135.9

 
-99.6

CCI pretax operating income (loss) (b)
$

 
$
(106.7
)
 
100.1
 %
 
$
0.1

 
$
(124.1
)
 
100.1
 %
Claim ratio (a)
 
36.3
%
 
N/M
 
 
 
42.1
%
 
N/M
 
 
Expense ratio
 
105.2

 
N/M
 
 
 
102.6

 
N/M
 
 
Composite ratio
 
141.5
%
 
N/M
 
 
 
144.7
%
 
N/M
 
 
C. Total MI and CCI run-off business:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net premiums earned
 
$
18.2

 
$
30.2

 
-39.7
 %
 
$
59.2

 
$
98.7

 
-39.9
 %
Net investment income
 
 
4.6

 
 
5.4

 
-15.3

 
 
15.4

 
 
16.4

 
-6.1

Claim costs (a)
 
 
5.6

 
 
141.0

 
-96.0

 
 
23.8

 
 
187.1

 
-87.3

Segment pretax operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (loss) (b)
 
$
13.3

 
$
(109.7
)
 
112.2
 %
 
$
38.0

 
$
(88.3
)
 
143.1
 %
Claim ratio (a)
 
31.2
%
 
466.6
%
 
 
 
40.2
%
 
189.6
%
 
 
Expense ratio
 
20.8

 
14.5

 
 
 
21.6

 
16.6

 
 
Composite ratio
 
52.0
%
 
481.1
%
 
 
 
61.8
%
 
206.2
%
 
 
__________________
(a)
RFIG run-off pretax results for the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2017 include additional claim and related expense provisions of $130.0 applicable to the final settlements and probable dispositions of all known litigated and other claim costs incurred by the Company’s run-off Financial Indemnity business during the Great Recession years and their aftermath. Of the total charge, $23.0 related to mortgage guaranty claim costs, and $107.0 was attributable to additional claim provisions in the consumer credit indemnity run-off business.
(b)
In connection with the run-off mortgage guaranty ("MI") and consumer credit indemnity ("CCI") combination, $0.2 and $0.7 of pretax operating income for the third quarter and first nine months of 2018, and $106.3 and $123.0 of pretax operating losses for the third quarter and first nine months of 2017, respectively, were retained by certain general insurance companies pursuant to various quota share and stop loss reinsurance agreements. All of these amounts, however, have been reclassified such that 100% of the CCI run-off business is reported in the RFIG run-off segment.

Pretax operating results of the run-off MI and CCI business reflect the expected, continuing drop in net earned premiums from declining risk in force. For the CCI coverage in particular, the much lower premiums in this year’s interim periods resulted mostly from the elimination of a major bank business relationship, which had been a significant source of both earned premiums and litigated claim costs.

The ratios of MI incurred claim costs to earned premiums were reduced by 10.4 and 25.7 percentage points in this year’s third quarter and first nine months, respectively. For the same respective periods of 2017, the reductions amounted to 60.2 and 39.8 percentage points. In each instance, the reductions reflect favorable developments of prior years’ claim reserves. MI claim costs for 2017’s interim periods, however, had risen most significantly due to $23.0 of additional claim provisions, which added 89.8 and 26.7 percentage points to the claim ratios for the third quarter and first nine months of 2017, respectively.

The much more favorable CCI claim ratios for this years’ third quarter and first nine months reflect the absence of the aforementioned litigation-induced claim costs which had burdened this book of business for many years through 2017’s third quarter. During the latter period, additional claim provisions in the amount of $107.0 were made to cover the final settlements and probable dispositions of all known litigated and other claim costs incurred during the Great Recession and its aftermath.
    

6


Old Republic International Corporation


Corporate and Other Results - The combination of a small life and accident insurance business and the net costs associated with the parent holding company and its internal services subsidiaries usually produce highly variable results. Earnings variations stem from volatility inherent to the small scale of the life and accident insurance line, net investment income, and net interest charges pertaining to external and intra-system financing arrangements. This year’s third quarter and first nine months results were enhanced by the elimination of interest costs related to outstanding external debt converted into ORI common stock in March. The interplay of these various elements is summarized in the following table:
 
Corporate and Other Operations
 
Quarters Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net life and accident premiums earned
$
4.2

 
$
5.0

 
$
11.2

 
$
14.4

Net investment income
 
8.1

 
 
8.6

 
 
23.4

 
 
23.2

Other operating income
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Operating revenues
 
12.4

 
 
13.5

 
 
34.6

 
 
37.6

Claim costs
 
3.5

 
 
4.2

 
 
12.6

 
 
13.5

Insurance expenses
 
1.3

 
 
1.3

 
 
3.7

 
 
6.9

Corporate, interest and other expenses - net
 
(5.6
)
 
 
1.5

 
 
(9.3
)
 
 
4.7

Operating expenses
 
(0.6
)
 
 
7.0

 
 
7.0

 
 
25.1

Corporate and other pretax operating income
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 (loss)
$
13.1

 
$
6.5

 
$
27.6

 
$
12.4


Summary Consolidated Balance Sheet - The following table shows Old Republic's consolidated financial position at the dates shown.

 
September 30,
 
December 31,
 
September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2017
Assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and fixed maturity securities
$
9,817.2

 
$
10,145.9

 
$
10,297.2

Equity securities
 
3,474.3

 
 
3,265.5

 
 
3,140.2

Other invested assets
 
128.5

 
 
124.9

 
 
128.8

Cash and invested assets
 
13,420.1

 
 
13,536.4

 
 
13,566.3

Accounts and premiums receivable
 
1,643.0

 
 
1,469.7

 
 
1,589.8

Prepaid federal income taxes
 
114.3

 
 
114.3

 
 
114.3

Reinsurance balances recoverable
 
3,637.2

 
 
3,371.8

 
 
3,568.9

Sundry assets
 
987.5

 
 
911.1

 
 
907.9

Total
$
19,802.3

 
$
19,403.5

 
$
19,747.4

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Policy liabilities
$
2,450.5

 
$
2,176.3

 
$
2,308.6

Claim reserves
 
9,482.9

 
 
9,237.6

 
 
9,694.4

Federal income tax payable: Current
 
3.7

 
 
6.5

 
 
25.2

                                              Deferred
 
54.7

 
 
100.5

 
 
71.4

Debt
 
981.1

 
 
1,448.7

 
 
1,526.9

Sundry liabilities
 
1,517.9

 
 
1,700.5

 
 
1,401.5

Shareholders' equity
 
5,311.2

(a)
 
4,733.3

 
 
4,719.0

Total
$
19,802.3

 
$
19,403.5

 
$
19,747.4

__________________
(a) Reflects the completed conversion of the 3.75% convertible senior notes into ORI common stock in March, 2018.








7


Old Republic International Corporation


Cash, Invested Assets, and Shareholders' Equity - The table below shows Old Republic's consolidated cash and invested assets as well as the shareholders' equity balances at the dates shown.
 
 
Cash, Invested Assets, and Shareholders' Equity
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
% Change
 
 
Sept. 30,
 
Dec. 31,
 
Sept. 30,
 
Sept. '18/
 
Sept. '18/
 
 
2018
 
2017
 
2017
 
Dec. '17
 
Sept. '17
Cash and invested assets:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Invested assets, carried at fair value
$
12,369.6

 
$
12,468.9

 
$
12,493.2

 
-0.8
 %
 
-1.0
 %
 
Held to maturity, carried at amortized cost
1,050.5

 
1,067.4

 
1,073.0

 
-1.6
 %
 
-2.1
 %
 
Total per balance sheet
$
13,420.1

 
$
13,536.4

 
$
13,566.3

 
-0.9
 %
 
-1.1
 %
 
Total at original cost for all
$
12,886.1

 
$
12,783.4

 
$
12,764.3

 
0.8
 %
 
1.0
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shareholders' equity: Total
$
5,311.2

 
$
4,733.3

 
$
4,719.0

 
12.2
 %
 
12.5
 %
 
 
    Per common share
$
17.76

 
$
17.72

 
$
18.05

 
0.2
 %
 
-1.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Composition of shareholders' equity per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity before items below
$
16.76

 
$
16.26

 
$
16.36

 
3.1
 %
 
2.4
 %
 
Unrealized investment gains (losses) and other
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
accumulated comprehensive income (loss)
1.00

 
1.46

 
1.69

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
$
17.76

 
$
17.72

 
$
18.05

 
0.2
 %
 
-1.6
 %
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segmented composition of
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 shareholders' equity per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Excluding run-off segment
$
16.26

 
$
16.14

 
$
16.67

 
0.7
 %
 
-2.5
 %
 
RFIG run-off segment
1.50

 
1.58

 
1.38

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated total
$
17.76

 
$
17.72

 
$
18.05

 
0.2
 %
 
-1.6
 %

Old Republic's invested assets portfolio is directed in consideration of enterprise-wide risk management objectives. Most importantly, these are intended to ensure solid funding of the insurance subsidiaries' long-term obligations to policyholders and other beneficiaries, as well as the long-term stability of the subsidiaries’ capital accounts. To this end, the investment portfolio contains no significant insurance risk-correlated asset exposures to real estate, mortgage-backed securities, collateralized debt obligations ("CDO's"), derivatives, hybrid securities, or illiquid private equity and hedge fund investments. Moreover, the Company does not engage in hedging or securities lending transactions, nor does it invest in securities whose values are predicated on non-regulated financial instruments exhibiting amorphous or unfunded counter-party risk attributes.

As of September 30, 2018, the consolidated investment portfolio reflected an allocation of approximately 74% to fixed-maturity and short-term investments, and 26% to high quality, dividend-paying equity securities. The asset quality of the fixed maturity portfolio has remained at high levels.

8


Old Republic International Corporation



Changes in shareholders' equity per share are reflected in the following table. As shown, these resulted mostly from net income, dividend payments to shareholders, and changes in the value of invested assets carried at fair value.

 
Shareholders' Equity Per Share
 
Quarter
 
 
 
Year
 
Ended
 
Nine Months Ended
 
Ended
 
Sept. 30,
 
September 30,
 
Dec. 31,
 
2018
 
2018
 
2017
 
2017
Beginning balance
$
17.08

 
$
17.72

 
$
17.16

 
$
17.16

Changes in shareholders' equity:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income (loss) excluding net investment gains (losses)
 
0.56

 
 
1.43

 
 
0.86

 
 
1.21

Net of tax realized investment gains (losses) from
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 actual transactions
 
0.02

 
 
0.15

 
 
0.14

 
 
0.93

Net of tax unrealized investment gains (losses) on