Exhibit 99.1

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Investor Contact
David Martin
717.612.5628
damartin@harsco.com
Media Contact
Jay Cooney
717.730.3683
jcooney@harsco.com

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE


HARSCO CORPORATION REPORTS FOURTH QUARTER
AND FULL YEAR 2020 RESULTS


Fourth Quarter GAAP Operating Income Of $11 Million And GAAP Diluted Loss Per Share Of $0.07 Including Anticipated Unusual Items

Q4 Adjusted Earnings Per Share Of $0.12

Adjusted Q4 EBITDA Totaled $62 Million, An Increase Compared With Both The Sequential And Prior Year Quarters

Full Year 2020 GAAP Operating Income Of $21 Million, Adjusted EBITDA Of $238 Million, And GAAP Diluted Loss Per Share Of $0.41

2021 Adjusted EBITDA Expected To Increase To Between $275 Million And $295 Million, While Free Cash Flow Is Projected To Increase To Between $30 Million And $50 Million.


CAMP HILL, PA (February 25, 2021) - Harsco Corporation (NYSE: HSC) today reported fourth quarter and full year 2020 results. On a U.S. GAAP ("GAAP") basis, fourth quarter of 2020 diluted loss per share from continuing operations was $0.07 including acquisition integration and severance costs. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations in the fourth quarter of 2020 were $0.12. These figures compare with fourth quarter of 2019 GAAP diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.03 and adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations of $0.12.

GAAP operating income from continuing operations for the fourth quarter of 2020 was $11 million. Excluding unusual items, adjusted EBITDA totaled $62 million in the quarter, compared to the Company's previously provided guidance range of $58 million to $63 million.

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“Against a challenging market backdrop in 2020, Harsco made significant progress on its strategic, operational and financial objectives,” said Chairman and CEO Nick Grasberger. “While the disruption caused by the global pandemic could not have been predicted, our teams executed well, with a consistent focus on our key priorities – operating safely, serving customers, preserving financial flexibility and executing our ESOL integration and operational recovery plan in Rail. The acquisition of ESOL has solidified our transformation to becoming a global, market-leading environmental solutions company, and our integration efforts to date have been on schedule and successful, thanks to the effort and professionalism of our team.”

“Looking to 2021, the ongoing integration of ESOL is anticipated to deliver significant value to our stakeholders, and we are optimistic that our key end-markets will show improvement during the year. Additionally, we plan to maintain our cost and capital discipline, while strengthening our financial flexibility. As a result, each of our business segments is projected to deliver improved operating results and we anticipate healthier cash generation in the year ahead. We look forward to completing the ESOL integration and delivering against our strategic goals, which will position us to continue our journey to a single-thesis environmental solutions company and to further benefit as the global economy recovers.”

Harsco Corporation—Selected Fourth Quarter Results
($ in millions, except per share amounts)Q4 2020Q4 2019Q3 2020
Revenues$508 $400 $509 
Operating income from continuing operations - GAAP$11 $20 $
Diluted EPS from continuing operations - GAAP$(0.07)$0.03 $(0.10)
Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items$62 $61 $59 
Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items12.3 %15.2 %11.6 %
Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations - excluding unusual items$0.12 $0.12 $0.08 
Note: Adjusted earnings per share and adjusted EBITDA details presented throughout this release are adjusted for unusual items; in addition, adjusted earnings per share details are adjusted for acquisition-related amortization expense.

Consolidated Fourth Quarter Operating Results

Consolidated total revenues from continuing operations were $508 million, an increase of 27 percent compared with the prior-year quarter due to the acquisition of ESOL in April 2020. Foreign currency translation impacts on fourth quarter 2020 revenues were nominal compared with the prior-year period.

GAAP operating income from continuing operations was $11 million for the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $20 million in the same quarter of last year. Meanwhile, adjusted EBITDA totaled $62 million in the fourth quarter of 2020 versus $61 million in the fourth quarter of 2019. This EBITDA change is attributable to improved results in the Environmental and Rail segments as well as ESOL contributions following its acquisition earlier in 2020, partially offset by the timing of Corporate
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spending and lower contributions from the legacy Clean Earth business as a result of the global COVID-19 pandemic.

Harsco Corporation—Selected 2020 Results
($ in millions, except per share amounts)20202019
Revenues$1,864 $1,504 
Operating income from continuing operations - GAAP$21 $104 
Diluted EPS from continuing operations - GAAP$(0.41)$0.35 
Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items$238 $265 
Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items12.8 %17.6 %
Adjusted diluted EPS from continuing operations - excluding unusual items$0.49 $0.90 
Note: The financial information provided above and discussed below reflect that Industrial was reclassified as Discontinued Operations in 2019.

Consolidated 2020 Operating Results

Consolidated total revenues were $1.9 billion in 2020, compared to $1.5 billion in 2019, with the increase attributable to the acquisitions of Clean Earth (2019) and ESOL (2020) and revenue growth in Rail during the year. Rail revenues benefited from higher equipment revenues under multi-year contracts with domestic and international customers. Revenues in Environmental decreased compared with 2019 as services and product demand slowed in 2020 as a result of the pandemic. Foreign currency translation negatively impacted 2020 revenues by approximately $24 million compared with 2019.

GAAP operating income from continuing operations was $21 million in 2020, while GAAP operating income from continuing operations in 2019 was $104 million. Adjusted EBITDA was $238 million and $265 million for these years, respectively, with the change in adjusted results reflecting the demand impact from the pandemic, partially offset by additional contribution from acquisitions.

On a GAAP basis, the diluted loss per share from continuing operations in 2020 was $0.41, and this figure compares with diluted earnings per share in 2019 of $0.35. GAAP results included various unusual items including strategic and acquisition integration costs, in each year. Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations was $0.49 in 2020 compared with $0.90 in 2019.
Fourth Quarter Business Review

Environmental
($ in millions)Q4 2020Q4 2019Q3 2020
Revenues$246 $243 $223 
Operating income - GAAP$23 $27 $12 
Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items$52 $51 $40 
Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items21.2 %20.9 %17.9 %
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Environmental revenues totaled $246 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, a slight increase compared with $243 million in the prior-year quarter. The segment's GAAP operating income and adjusted EBITDA totaled $23 million and $52 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2020. These figures compare with GAAP operating income of $27 million and adjusted EBITDA of $51 million in the prior-year period. The change in the segment's adjusted EBITDA relative to the prior-year quarter is principally attributable to higher demand for applied products and lower general and administrative spending, partially offset by a less favorable services mix and contract changes. Environmental's adjusted EBITDA margin was 21.2 percent in the fourth quarter of 2020.

Clean Earth
($ in millions)Q4 2020Q4 2019Q3 2020
Revenues$185 $82 $194 
Operating income - GAAP$$$
Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items$16 $17 $20 
Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items8.6 %20.5 %10.4 %
Note: The 2019 financial information provided above and discussed below for Clean Earth does not include a corporate cost allocation and does not include ESOL.

Clean Earth revenues totaled $185 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $82 million in the prior-year quarter, with the increase attributable to the ESOL acquisition in the second quarter of 2020. Segment operating income was $3 million and adjusted EBITDA totaled $16 million in the fourth quarter of 2020. These figures compare with $9 million and $17 million, respectively, in the prior-year period. The year-on-year change in adjusted EBITDA reflects lower services demand and a less favorable business mix at legacy Clean Earth as a result of the pandemic and higher administrative costs (including a Corporate cost allocation) offset by the contributions from ESOL.

Rail
($ in millions)Q4 2020Q4 2019Q3 2020
Revenues$77 $75 $93 
Operating income (loss) - GAAP$$(3)$
Adjusted EBITDA - excluding unusual items$$(2)$
Adjusted EBITDA margin - excluding unusual items3.3 %(2.5)%5.8 %

Rail revenues increased 3 percent compared with the prior-year quarter to $77 million. This change reflects higher equipment revenues from multi-year supply contracts and higher contract services revenues, partially offset by lower aftermarket parts sales. The segment's operating income and adjusted EBITDA totaled $1 million and $3 million, respectively, in the fourth quarter of 2020. These figures compare with an operating loss of $3 million and adjusted EBITDA of $(2) million in the prior-year quarter. The EBITDA change year-on-year is attributable to lower manufacturing costs along with the above mentioned factors and a less favorable mix of equipment and parts sales.
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Cash Flow

Net cash provided by operating activities totaled $12 million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with net cash used by operating activities of $50 million in the prior-year period. Free cash flow was $(8) million in the fourth quarter of 2020, compared with $28 million in the prior-year period. The change in free cash flow compared with the prior-year quarter is attributable to changes in net cash from operating activities after excluding transactional expenses and taxes in both periods and higher net capital expenditures. Further, free cash flow in the fourth quarter of 2020 was impacted by the timing of certain working capital items that were anticipated but were deferred into 2021.

For the full-year 2020, net cash provided by operating activities totaled $54 million and free cash flow was $2 million. In 2019, net cash provided by operating activities was nominal and free cash flow was $(32) million. The change in full-year free cash flow can be mainly attributed to lower capital spending in Environmental.

2021 Outlook

The Company's 2021 guidance anticipates that each of its three business segments will realize earnings improvement during the year. This outlook is supported by strong backlog positions that provide forward visibility, anticipated benefits from the Company's key business initiatives including the ESOL integration, and improving fundamentals in relevant end markets.

Environmental adjusted EBITDA is expected to increase due to higher services and applied products demand and benefits of growth initiatives, partially offset by higher SG&A spending.

Clean Earth adjusted EBITDA is projected to increase due to the full-year impact of ESOL ownership, underlying organic growth for hazardous material services and integration benefits, partially offset by an additional allocation of Corporate costs and investments which include various one-time expenditures (such as rebranding and IT integration).

Rail adjusted EBITDA is anticipated to increase as a result of higher demand for equipment and technology products as well as higher contract services contributions, partially offset by R&D and SG&A investments and lower aftermarket parts contributions.

Lastly, Corporate spending is expected to range from $33 million to $34 million for the year.

Summary Outlook highlights are as follows:
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2021 Full Year Outlook
GAAP Operating Income$93 - $113 million
Adjusted EBITDA$275 - $295 million
GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share$0.26 - 0.42
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share$0.59 - 0.76
Free Cash Flow Before Growth Capital$90 - $110 million
Free Cash Flow$30 - $50 million
Net Interest Expense$63 - $66 million
Net Capital Expenditures$155 - $175 million
Effective Tax Rate, Excluding Any Unusual Items36 - 38%
Q1 2021 Outlook
GAAP Operating Income$8 - $14 million
Adjusted EBITDA$52 - $58 million
GAAP Diluted Earnings Per Share$(0.08) - 0.02
Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share$0.01 - 0.10

Conference Call

The Company will hold a conference call today at 9:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss its results and respond to questions from the investment community. The conference call will be broadcast live through the Harsco Corporation website at www.harsco.com. The Company will refer to a slide presentation that accompanies its formal remarks. The slide presentation will be available on the Company’s website.

The call can also be accessed by telephone by dialing (844) 467-8153 or (270) 855-8732. Enter Conference ID number 1046889. Listeners are advised to dial in at least five minutes prior to the call.

Forward-Looking Statements

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The nature of the Company's business, together with the number of countries in which it operates, subject it to changing economic, competitive, regulatory and technological conditions, risks and uncertainties. In accordance with the "safe harbor" provisions of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Company provides the following cautionary remarks regarding important factors that, among others, could cause future results to differ materially from the results contemplated by forward-looking statements, including the expectations and assumptions expressed or implied herein. Forward-looking statements contained herein could include, among other things, statements about management's confidence in and strategies for performance; expectations for new and existing products, technologies and opportunities; and expectations regarding growth, sales, cash flows, and earnings. Forward-looking statements can be identified by the use of such terms as "may," "could," "expect," "anticipate," "intend," "believe," "likely," "estimate," "outlook," "plan" or other comparable terms.

Factors that could cause actual results to differ, perhaps materially, from those implied by forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to: (1) changes in the worldwide business environment in which the Company operates, including changes in general economic conditions or changes due to COVID-19 and governmental and market reactions to COVID-19; (2) changes in currency exchange rates, interest rates, commodity and fuel costs and capital costs; (3) changes in the performance of equity and bond markets that could affect, among other things, the valuation of the assets in the Company's pension plans and the accounting for pension assets, liabilities and expenses; (4) changes in governmental laws and regulations, including environmental, occupational health and safety, tax and import tariff standards and amounts; (5) market and competitive changes, including pricing pressures, market demand and acceptance for new products, services and technologies; (6) the Company's inability or failure to protect its intellectual property rights from infringement in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates; (7) failure to effectively prevent, detect or recover from breaches in the Company's cybersecurity infrastructure; (8) unforeseen business disruptions in one or more of the many countries in which the Company operates due to political instability, civil disobedience, armed hostilities, public health issues or other calamities; (9) disruptions associated with labor disputes and increased operating costs associated with union organization; (10) the seasonal nature of the Company's business; (11) the Company's ability to successfully enter into new contracts and complete new acquisitions or strategic ventures in the time-frame contemplated, or at all; (12) the integration of the Company's strategic acquisitions; (13) potential severe volatility in the capital markets; (14) failure to retain key management and employees; (15) the amount and timing of repurchases of the Company's common stock, if any; (16) the outcome of any disputes with customers, contractors and subcontractors; (17) the financial condition of the Company's customers, including the ability of customers (especially those that may be highly leveraged, have inadequate liquidity or whose business is significantly impacted by COVID-19) to maintain their credit availability; (18) implementation of environmental remediation matters; (19) risk and uncertainty associated with intangible assets and (20) other risk factors listed from time to time in the Company's SEC reports. A further discussion of these, along with other potential risk factors, can be
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found in Part I, Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, together with those described in Item 1A, "Risk Factors," of the Company's Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the period ended September 30, 2020. The Company cautions that these factors may not be exhaustive and that many of these factors are beyond the Company's ability to control or predict. Accordingly, forward-looking statements should not be relied upon as a prediction of actual results. The Company undertakes no duty to update forward-looking statements except as may be required by law.
About Harsco

Harsco Corporation is a global market leader providing environmental solutions for industrial and specialty waste streams and innovative technologies for the rail sector. Based in Camp Hill, PA, the 13,000-employee company operates in more than 30 countries. Harsco’s common stock is a component of the S&P SmallCap 600 Index and the Russell 2000 Index. Additional information can be found at www.harsco.com.

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HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (Unaudited)
Three Months EndedTwelve Months Ended
December 31December 31
(In thousands, except per share amounts)2020201920202019
Revenues from continuing operations:
Service revenues$410,581  $298,015 $1,432,290 $1,088,627 
Product revenues97,763  101,772 431,574 415,115 
Total revenues508,344  399,787 1,863,864 1,503,742 
Costs and expenses from continuing operations:   
Cost of services sold327,943  231,110 1,163,783 843,926 
Cost of products sold80,079  84,316 337,028 300,364 
Selling, general and administrative expenses86,708  65,866 327,932 252,970 
Research and development expenses626  1,614 3,246 4,824 
Other expenses (income), net1,720  (3,030)10,794 (2,621)
Total costs and expenses497,076  379,876 1,842,783 1,399,463 
Operating income from continuing operations11,268 19,911 21,081 104,279 
Interest income561  406 2,174 1,975 
Interest expense(16,293)(12,157)(59,689)(36,586)
Unused debt commitment and amendment fees (111)(1,920)(7,704)
Defined benefit pension income (expense)2,058 (1,327)7,229 (5,493)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before income taxes and equity income(2,406)6,722 (31,125)56,471 
Income tax benefit (expense)(1,861)(2,400)2,779 (20,214)
Equity income of unconsolidated entities, net10  122 186 273 
Income (loss) from continuing operations(4,257)4,444 (28,160)36,530 
Discontinued operations:
Gain (loss) on sale of discontinued business
(90)41,155 18,281 569,135 
Income (loss) from discontinued businesses(1,513)3,573 (2,745)27,531 
Income tax benefit (expense) related to discontinued businesses452  (8,277)(9,351)(120,978)
Income (loss) from discontinued operations(1,151)36,451 6,185 475,688 
Net income (loss)(5,408)40,895 (21,975)512,218 
Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests(894) (1,666)(4,366)(8,299)
Net income (loss) attributable to Harsco Corporation$(6,302)$39,229 $(26,341)$503,919 
Amounts attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax$(5,151)$2,778 $(32,526)$28,231 
Income (loss) from discontinued operations, net of tax(1,151)36,451 6,185 475,688 
Net income (loss) attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders
$(6,302)$39,229 $(26,341)$503,919 
Weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding79,006  78,642 78,939 79,632 
Basic earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Continuing operations$(0.07)$0.04 $(0.41)$0.35 
Discontinued operations(0.01)0.46 0.08 5.97 
Basic earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders$(0.08)$0.50 $(0.33)$6.33 (a)
Diluted weighted-average shares of common stock outstanding79,006  80,267 78,939 81,375 
Diluted earnings (loss) per common share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders:
Continuing operations$(0.07)$0.03 $(0.41)$0.35 
Discontinued operations(0.01)0.45 0.08 5.85 
Diluted earnings (loss) per share attributable to Harsco Corporation common stockholders$(0.08)$0.49 (a)$(0.33)$6.19 (a)
(a) Does not total due to rounding.
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HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Unaudited)

(In thousands)
December 31
2020
December 31
2019
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents$76,454 $57,259 
Restricted cash3,215 2,473 
Trade accounts receivable, net407,390 309,990 
Other receivables34,253 21,265 
Inventories173,013 156,991 
Current portion of contract assets54,754 31,166 
Prepaid expenses
56,099 42,355 
Current portion of assets held-for-sale 22,093 
Other current assets10,645 9,220 
Total current assets815,823 652,812 
Property, plant and equipment, net668,209 561,786 
Right-of-use assets, net
96,849 52,065 
Goodwill902,074 738,369 
Intangible assets, net438,565 299,082 
Deferred income tax assets15,274 14,288 
Assets held-for-sale
 32,029 
Other assets56,493 17,036 
Total assets$2,993,287 $2,367,467 
LIABILITIES
Current liabilities:
Short-term borrowings$7,450 $3,647 
Current maturities of long-term debt13,576 2,666 
Accounts payable218,039 176,755 
Accrued compensation45,885 37,992 
Income taxes payable3,499 18,692 
Insurance liabilities13,173 10,140 
Current portion of advances on contracts39,917 53,906 
Current portion of operating lease liabilities
24,862 12,544 
Current portion of liabilities of assets held-for-sale
 11,344 
Other current liabilities171,554 137,208 
Total current liabilities537,955 464,894 
Long-term debt1,271,189 775,498 
Insurance liabilities15,083 18,515 
Retirement plan liabilities231,335 189,954 
Advances on contracts45,017 6,408 
Operating lease liabilities
69,860 36,974 
Liabilities of assets held-for-sale
 12,152 
Environmental liabilities29,424 5,600 
Deferred tax liabilities40,653 24,242 
Other liabilities39,372 43,571 
Total liabilities2,279,888 1,577,808 
HARSCO CORPORATION STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
Common stock144,288 143,400 
Additional paid-in capital204,078 200,595 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(645,741)(587,622)
Retained earnings1,797,759 1,824,100 
Treasury stock(843,230)(838,893)
Total Harsco Corporation stockholders’ equity657,154 741,580 
Noncontrolling interests56,245 48,079 
Total equity713,399 789,659 
Total liabilities and equity$2,993,287 $2,367,467 
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HARSCO CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended December 31Twelve Months Ended December 31
(In thousands)2020201920202019
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss)$(5,408)$40,895 $(21,975)$512,218 
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided (used) by operating activities:
Depreciation31,901 30,122 125,765 119,803 
Amortization9,216 6,651 33,937 18,592 
Deferred income tax expense (benefit)
(1,231)(4,685)1,115 6,815 
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net(10)(122)(186)(273)
Dividends from unconsolidated entities216 — 216 125 
Loss (gain) on sale from discontinued business90 (41,155)(18,281)(569,135)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt —  5,314 
Other, net646 (423)310 1,764 
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and dispositions of businesses: 
Accounts receivable7,913 8,931 34,221 (3,464)
Income tax refunds receivable from acquisition, reimbursable to seller136 — (11,032)— 
Insurance receivable 195,000  195,000 
Inventories(480)993 (12,281)(42,484)
Contract assets(1,601)(16,526)(28,376)(21,795)
Right-of-use assets7,205 3,960 25,400 15,164 
Accounts payable(12,964)7,792 (14,452)13,407 
Accrued interest payable7,562 7,325 (2,422)14,723 
Accrued compensation1,126 (2,957)2,921 (15,759)
Advances on contracts(8,653)12,895 10,492 (4,172)
Operating lease liabilities(6,921)(3,821)(24,785)(14,740)
Insurance liability (195,000) (195,000)
Income taxes payable - Gain on sale of discontinued businesses(2,031)(90,567)(12,373)12,373 
Retirement plan liabilities, net(9,355)(5,222)(33,257)(24,022)
Other assets and liabilities(5,815)(4,278)(1,139)(24,617)
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities11,542 (50,192)53,818 (163)
Cash flows from investing activities:
Purchases of property, plant and equipment(41,128)(37,902)(120,224)(184,973)
Purchase of businesses, net of cash acquired — (432,855)(623,495)
Proceeds from sale of business, net 58,729 37,219 658,414 
Proceeds from sales of assets1,731 9,462 6,204 17,022 
Expenditures for intangible assets(148)(65)(317)(1,311)
Purchase of equity method investment (2,364) (2,364)
Net proceeds (payments) from settlement of foreign currency forward exchange contracts(11,055)5,820 (10,519)7,273 
Payments for interest rate swap terminations —  (2,758)
Other investing activities, net45 — (152)— 
Net cash provided (used) by investing activities(50,555)33,680 (520,644)(132,192)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Short-term borrowings, net(100)(3,981)1,612 (5,398)
Current maturities and long-term debt: 
Additions57,814 66,327 638,717 848,314 
Reductions(27,888)(57,004)(139,887)(661,620)
Dividends paid to noncontrolling interests(2,978)(1,609)(2,978)(4,712)
Sale (purchase) of noncontrolling interests(561)— (561)4,026 
Common stock acquired for treasury (6,086) (31,838)
Stock-based compensation - Employee taxes paid(115)(32)(4,303)(11,234)
Payment of contingent consideration — (2,342)— 
Deferred financing costs (199)(1,928)(11,272)
Other financing activities, net(4)(532)(1,372)(532)
Net cash provided (used) by financing activities
26,168 (3,116)486,958 125,734 
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash6,372 1,441 (195)(793)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash(6,473)(18,187)19,937 (7,414)
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at beginning of period86,142 77,919 59,732 67,146 
Cash and cash equivalents, including restricted cash, at end of period$79,669 $59,732 $79,669 $59,732 
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HARSCO CORPORATION
REVIEW OF OPERATIONS BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

Three Months EndedThree Months Ended
December 31, 2020 (b)December 31, 2019 (b)
(In thousands)RevenuesOperating
Income (Loss)
RevenuesOperating Income (Loss)
Harsco Environmental
$246,388 $22,606 $243,314 $27,430 
Harsco Clean Earth (a)
185,099 3,151 81,883 8,701 
Harsco Rail
76,857 1,057 74,590 (3,239)
Corporate
 (15,546)— (12,981)
Consolidated Totals
$508,344 $11,268 $399,787 $19,911 
Twelve Months EndedTwelve Months Ended
December 31, 2020 (b)December 31, 2019 (b)
(In thousands)RevenuesOperating
Income (Loss)
RevenuesOperating Income (Loss)
Harsco Environmental
$914,445 $59,006 $1,034,847 $112,298 
Harsco Clean Earth (a)
619,588 16,096 169,522 20,009 
Harsco Rail
329,831 20,219 299,373 23,708 
Corporate
 (74,240)— (51,736)
Consolidated Totals
$1,863,864 $21,081 $1,503,742 $104,279 
(a)     The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.
(b)    The operating results of the former Harsco Industrial Segment have been reflected as discontinued operations in the Company's Consolidated Statement of Operations for all periods presented.

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HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS TO DILUTED EARNINGS (LOSS) PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)
Three Months EndedTwelve Months Ended
December 31December 31
2020201920202019
Diluted earnings (loss) per share from continuing operations as reported
$(0.07)$0.03 $(0.41)$0.35 
Corporate acquisition and integration costs (a)
0.09 0.09 0.61 0.31 
Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs (b)0.03 — 0.09 — 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments (c) — 0.03 — 
Corporate unused debt commitment and amendment fees (d) — 0.02 0.09 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs (e)0.02 — 0.02 — 
Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments (f) (0.05) (0.10)
Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts (g) —  0.08 
Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs (h) —  0.06 
Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related (i) —  (0.03)
Deferred tax asset valuation allowance adjustment (j) —  0.03 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs (k) 0.01  0.02 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments (l) 0.01 0.01 
Corporate acquisition related tax benefit (m) — (0.03)— 
Taxes on above unusual items (n)(0.04)(0.03)(0.16)(0.08)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, including acquisition amortization expense
0.04 (p)0.06 0.19 (p)0.74 
Acquisition amortization expense, net of tax (o)0.08 0.06 0.31 0.16 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$0.12 $0.12 $0.49 (p)$0.90 
(a)Costs at Corporate associated with supporting and executing the Company's growth strategy (Q4 2020 $6.9 million pre-tax; Full year 2020 $48.5 million pre-tax; Q4 2019 $7.3 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $25.2 million pre-tax).
(b)Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs (Q4 2020 $2.2 million pre-tax; Full year 2020 $7.4 million pre-tax).
(c)Adjustment to contingent consideration related to the acquisition of Clean Earth recorded on Corporate (Q4 2020 $(0.1) pre-tax; Full year $2.3 million pre-tax). The Company adjusts operating income and Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations to exclude the impact of the change in fair value to the acquisition-related contingent consideration liability for acquisitions because it believes that the adjustment for this item more closely correlates the reported financial measures with the ordinary and ongoing course of the Company's operations.
(d)Costs at Corporate associated with amending the Company's existing Senior Secured Credit Facilities to increase the net debt to consolidated adjusted EBITDA ratio covenant (Full year 2020 $1.9 million pre-tax; ) and costs at Corporate related to the unused bridge financing commitment and Term Loan B amendment (Full year 2019 $7.4 million pre-tax).
(e)Costs incurred in the Harsco Clean Earth Segment related to the integration of ESOL (Q4 2020 $1.7 million pre-tax; Full year 2020 $1.9 million pre-tax).
(f)Fair value adjustment to contingent consideration liability related to the acquisition of Altek (Q4 2019 $4.1 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $8.5 million pre-tax).
(g)Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts related to a customer in the U.K. entering administration (Full year 2019 $6.2 million pre-tax).
(h)Costs associated with a productivity improvement initiative in the Harsco Rail Segment (Q4 2019 $0.2 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $4.8 million pre-tax).
(i)Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related (Full year 2019 $2.4 million pre-tax).
(j)Adjustment of certain existing deferred tax asset valuation allowances as a result of a site exit in a certain jurisdiction in 2019 (Full year 2019 $2.8 million).
(k)Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs recognized (Q4 2019 $0.6 million pre-tax; Full year 2019 $1.9 million pre-tax).
(l)Fair value adjustment to contingent consideration liability acquired in conjunction with the acquisition of Clean Earth (Q4 and Full year 2019 $0.8 million pre-tax).
(m)Acquisition related tax benefit recorded on Corporate assumed as part of the Clean Earth Acquisition (Q4 2020 $(0.1); Full year 2020 $2.7 million).
(n)Unusual items are tax-effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded, except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.
(o)Acquisition amortization expense was $8.4 million pre-tax and $31.0 million pre-tax for Q4 and Full year 2020, respectively; and $6.0 million pre-tax and $15.5 million pre-tax for Q4 and Full year 2019, respectively.
(p)Does not total due to rounding.

13


The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. Exclusion of acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense, the amount of which can vary by the timing, size and nature of the Company’s acquisitions, facilitates more consistent internal comparisons of operating results over time between the Company’s newly acquired and long-held businesses, and comparisons with both acquisitive and non-acquisitive peer companies. It is important to note that such intangible assets contribute to revenue generation and that intangible asset amortization related to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.
14



HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS TO DILUTED LOSS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)
Three Months Ended September 30
2020
Diluted loss per share from continuing operations as reported$(0.10)
Corporate acquisition and integration costs (a)
0.13 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments (b)0.03 
Corporate acquisition related tax benefit (c)(0.04)
Taxes on above unusual items (d)(0.03)
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, including acquisition amortization expense
 (f)
Acquisition amortization expense, net of tax (e)0.08 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$0.08 

(a)Costs at Corporate associated with supporting and executing the Company's growth strategy ($10.6 million pre-tax).
(b)Adjustment to contingent consideration related to the acquisition of Clean Earth recorded on Corporate ($2.4 million pre-tax). The Company adjusts operating income and Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations to exclude the impact of the change in fair value to the acquisition-related contingent consideration liability for acquisitions because it believes that the adjustment for this item more closely correlates the reported financial measures with the ordinary and ongoing course of the Company's operations.
(c)Acquisition related tax benefit recorded on Corporate assumed as part of the Clean Earth Acquisition ($2.8 million).
(d)Unusual items are tax-effected at the global effective tax rate, before discrete items, in effect at the time the unusual item is recorded, except for unusual items from countries where no tax benefit can be realized, in which case a zero percent tax rate is used.
(e)Acquisition amortization expense was $8.3 million pre-tax.
(f)Does not total due to rounding.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of unusual items permits evaluation and comparison of results for the Company’s core business operations, and it is on this basis that management internally assesses the Company’s performance. Exclusion of acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense, the amount of which can vary by the timing, size and nature of the Company’s acquisitions, facilitates more consistent internal comparisons of operating results over time between the Company’s newly acquired and long-held businesses, and comparisons with both acquisitive and non-acquisitive peer companies. It is important to note that such intangible assets contribute to revenue generation and that intangible asset amortization related to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.
15


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF PROJECTED ADJUSTED DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS TO DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)


Projected
Three Months
Ending
March 31
Projected Twelve Months Ending
December 31
20212021
LowHighLowHigh
Diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$(0.08)$0.02 $0.26 $0.42 
Estimated acquisition amortization expense, net of tax
0.08 0.08 0.34 0.34 
Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations
$0.01 (a)$0.10 $0.59 (a)$0.76 
(a) Does not total due to rounding.

The Company’s management believes Adjusted diluted earnings per share from continuing operations, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is useful to investors because it provides an overall understanding of the Company’s historical and future prospects. Exclusion of acquisition-related intangible asset amortization expense, the amount of which can vary by the timing, size and nature of the Company’s acquisitions, facilitates more consistent internal comparisons of operating results over time between the Company’s newly acquired and long-held businesses, and comparisons with both acquisitive and non-acquisitive peer companies. It is important to note that such intangible assets contribute to revenue generation and that intangible asset amortization related to past acquisitions will recur in future periods until such intangible assets have been fully amortized. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.



16


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

(In thousands)Harsco
Environmental
Harsco Clean Earth (a)Harsco
Rail
CorporateConsolidated Totals
Three Months Ended December 31, 2020:
Operating income (loss) as reported
$22,606 $3,151 $1,057 $(15,546)$11,268 
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
   6,909 6,909 
Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs2,239    2,239 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs 1,745   1,745 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments   (136)(136)
Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items 24,845 4,896 1,057 (8,773)22,025 
Depreciation25,345 4,681 1,383 491 31,900 
Amortization
1,998 6,351 85  8,434 
Adjusted EBITDA
$52,188 $15,928 $2,525 $(8,282)$62,359 
Revenues as reported
$246,388 $185,099 $76,857 $508,344 
Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)
21.2 %8.6 %3.3 %12.3 %
Three Months Ended December 31, 2019:
Operating income (loss) as reported
$27,430 $8,701 $(3,239)$(12,981)$19,911 
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
— — — 7,280 7,280 
Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments(4,089)— — — (4,089)
Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments— 825 — — 825 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs— 601 — — 601 
Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs
— — 185 — 185 
Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items
23,341 10,127 (3,054)(5,701)24,713 
Depreciation25,766 2,573 1,140 643 30,122 
Amortization
1,850 4,089 84 — 6,023 
Adjusted EBITDA
$50,957 $16,789 $(1,830)$(5,058)$60,858 
Revenues as reported
$243,314 $81,883 $74,590 $399,787 
Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)
20.9 %20.5 %(2.5)%15.2 %

(a) The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs).  The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.




17


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

(In thousands)Harsco
Environmental
Harsco Clean Earth (a)
Harsco
Rail
CorporateConsolidated Totals
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2020:
Operating income (loss) as reported
$59,006 $16,096 $20,219 $(74,240)$21,081 
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
   48,493 48,493 
Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs7,399    7,399 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments   2,301 2,301 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs 1,859   1,859 
Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items 66,405 17,955 20,219 (23,446)81,133 
Depreciation100,971 17,450 5,113 2,022 125,556 
Amortization
7,825 22,814 337  30,976 
Adjusted EBITDA
$175,201 $58,219 $25,669 $(21,424)$237,665 
Revenues as reported
$914,445 $619,588 $329,831 $1,863,864 
Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)
19.2 %9.4 %7.8 %12.8 %
Twelve Months Ended December 31, 2019:
Operating income (loss) as reported
$112,298 $20,009 $23,708 $(51,736)$104,279 
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
— — — 25,152 25,152 
Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments(8,505)— — — (8,505)
Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts
6,174 — — — 6,174 
Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs
— — 4,830 — 4,830 
Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related(2,427)— — — (2,427)
Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs— 1,855 — — 1,855 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments— 825 — — 825 
Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items
107,540 22,689 28,538 (26,584)132,183 
Depreciation104,840 4,932 4,554 2,737 117,063 
Amortization
7,286 7,923 322 — 15,531 
Adjusted EBITDA
$219,666 $35,544 $33,414 $(23,847)$264,777 
Revenues as reported
$1,034,847 $169,522 $299,373 $1,503,742 
Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)
21.2 %21.0 %11.2 %17.6 %

(a) The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs).  The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.
18



HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF ADJUSTED EBITDA BY SEGMENT TO OPERATING INCOME (LOSS) AS REPORTED BY SEGMENT (Unaudited)

(In thousands)Harsco
Environmental
Harsco Clean Earth (a)Harsco
Rail
CorporateConsolidated Totals
Three Months Ended September 30, 2020:
Operating income (loss) as reported
$12,317 $8,902 $4,059 $(20,214)$5,064 
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
— — — 10,645 10,645 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments— — — 2,437 2,437 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs— 114 — — 114 
Operating income (loss) excluding unusual items 12,317 9,016 4,059 (7,132)18,260 
Depreciation25,588 5,010 1,258 497 32,353 
Amortization
1,970 6,218 85 — 8,273 
Adjusted EBITDA
$39,875 $20,244 $5,402 $(6,635)$58,886 
Revenues as reported
$222,507 $194,098 $92,793 $509,398 
Adjusted EBITDA margin (%)
17.9 %10.4 %5.8 %11.6 %

(a) The Company's acquisition of ESOL closed on April 6, 2020 and the Company's acquisition of Clean Earth closed on June 28, 2019.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs).  The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.




19


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO CONSOLIDATED INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended
December 31
(In thousands)20202019
Consolidated income (loss) from continuing operations$(4,257)$4,444 
Add back (deduct):
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net(10)(122)
Income tax expense1,861 2,400 
Defined benefit pension expense (income)(2,058)1,327 
Unused debt commitment and amendment fees 111 
Interest expense16,293 12,157 
Interest income(561)(406)
Depreciation31,900 30,122 
Amortization8,434 6,023 
Unusual items:
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
6,909 7,280 
Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs2,239 — 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs1,745 — 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments(136)— 
Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments (4,089)
Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments 825 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs 601 
Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs 185 
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$62,359 $60,858 


Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs).  The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

20


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO CONSOLIDATED INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Twelve Months Ended
December 31
(In thousands)20202019
Consolidated income (loss) from continuing operations$(28,160)$36,530 
Add back (deduct):
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net(186)(273)
Income tax expense (benefit)(2,779)20,214 
Defined benefit pension expense (income)(7,229)5,493 
Unused debt commitment and amendment fees1,920 7,704 
Interest expense59,689 36,586 
Interest income(2,174)(1,975)
Depreciation125,556 117,063 
Amortization30,976 15,531 
Unusual items:
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
48,493 25,152 
Harsco Environmental Segment severance costs7,399 — 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments2,301 — 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs1,859 — 
Harsco Environmental Segment contingent consideration adjustments (8,505)
Harsco Environmental Segment provision for doubtful accounts 6,174 
Harsco Rail Segment improvement initiative costs 4,830 
Harsco Environmental Segment site exit related costs (2,427)
Harsco Clean Earth Segment severance costs 1,855 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment contingent consideration adjustments 825 
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$237,665 $264,777 

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs).  The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.
21


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO CONSOLIDATED LOSS FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS AS REPORTED (Unaudited)

Three Months Ended September 30
(In thousands)2020
Consolidated loss from continuing operations$(6,604)
Add back (deduct):
Equity in income of unconsolidated entities, net(9)
Income tax benefit(1,654)
Defined benefit pension income(1,859)
Interest expense15,794 
Interest income(604)
Depreciation32,353 
Amortization8,273 
Unusual items:
Corporate acquisition and integration costs
10,645 
Corporate contingent consideration adjustments2,437 
Harsco Clean Earth Segment integration costs114 
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$58,886 

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs).  The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.
22


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF PROJECTED CONSOLIDATED ADJUSTED EBITDA TO PROJECTED CONSOLIDATED INCOME (LOSS) FROM CONTINUING OPERATIONS
(Unaudited)
Projected
Three Months Ending
March 31
Projected Twelve Months Ending
December 31
20212021
(In millions)LowHighLowHigh
Consolidated income (loss) from continuing operations$(5)$$26 $40 
Add back:
Income tax expense(2)15 24 
Net interest15 16 66 63 
Defined benefit pension income(3)(3)(14)(14)
Depreciation and amortization44 44 182 182 
 Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA$52 $58 $275 $295 

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP financial measure and consists of income from continuing operations adjusted to add back income tax expense; equity income of unconsolidated entities, net; net interest expense; defined benefit pension income (expense); unused debt commitment and amendment fees; and depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs); and excludes unusual items. Segment Adjusted EBITDA consists of operating income from continuing operations adjusted to exclude unusual items and add back depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs).  The sum of the Segments’ Adjusted EBITDA equals Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA. The Company‘s management believes Adjusted EBITDA is meaningful to investors because management reviews Adjusted EBITDA in assessing and evaluating performance. However, this measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, net income from continuing operations, operating income from continuing operations and other information provided in accordance with GAAP. The Company's method of calculating Adjusted EBITDA may differ from methods used by other companies and, as a result, Adjusted EBITDA may not be comparable to other similarly titled measures disclosed by other companies.

23


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF FREE CASH FLOW TO NET CASH PROVIDED (USED) BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES (Unaudited)
Three Months EndedTwelve Months Ended
December 31December 31
(In thousands)2020201920202019
Net cash provided (used) by operating activities$11,542 $(50,192)$53,818 $(163)
Less capital expenditures
(41,128)(37,902)(120,224)(184,973)
Less expenditures for intangible assets
(148)(65)(317)(1,311)
Plus capital expenditures for strategic ventures (a)
1,683 1,073 3,650 5,904 
Plus total proceeds from sales of assets (b)
1,731 9,462 6,204 17,022 
Plus transaction-related expenditures (c)
16,129 2,559 42,801 28,939 
Plus taxes paid on sale of divested businesses (d)2,031 102,940 16,216 102,940 
Free cash flow
$(8,160)$27,875 $2,148 $(31,642)
(a)Capital expenditures for strategic ventures represent the partner’s share of capital expenditures in certain ventures consolidated in the Company’s consolidated financial statements.
(b)Asset sales are a normal part of the business model, primarily for the Harsco Environmental Segment.
(c)Expenditures directly related to the Company's acquisition and divestiture transactions.
(d)Income taxes paid on gains on the sale of discontinued businesses.

The Company's management believes that Free cash flow, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flows generated from operations less capital expenditures net of asset sales proceeds and transaction-related expenditures and income taxes for planning and performance evaluation purposes. It is important to note that Free cash flow does not represent the total residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since other non-discretionary expenditures, such as mandatory debt service requirements and settlements of foreign currency forward exchange contracts, are not deducted from this measure. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.





24


HARSCO CORPORATION
RECONCILIATION OF PROJECTED FREE CASH FLOW TO PROJECTED NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES
(Unaudited)
Projected
Twelve Months Ending
December 31
2021
(In millions)LowHigh
Net cash provided by operating activities$170 $210 
Less capital expenditures
(160)(178)
Plus total proceeds from asset sales and capital expenditures for strategic ventures
Plus transaction related expenditures15 15 
Free cash flow
30 50 
Add growth capital expenditures
60 60 
Free cash flow before growth capital expenditures
$90 $110 

The Company's management believes that Free cash flow, which is a non-GAAP financial measure, is meaningful to investors because management reviews cash flows generated from operations less capital expenditures net of asset sales proceeds and transaction-related expenditures and income taxes for planning and performance evaluation purposes. It is important to note that Free cash flow does not represent the total residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures since other non-discretionary expenditures, such as mandatory debt service requirements and settlements of foreign currency forward exchange contracts, are not deducted from this measure. This measure should be considered in addition to, rather than as a substitute for, other information provided in accordance with GAAP.


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View differences made from one to another to evaluate Harsco Corp's financial trajectory

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