Facebook Reports Third Quarter 2020 Results

MENLO PARK, Calif. – October 29, 2020 – Facebook, Inc. (Nasdaq: FB) today reported financial results for the quarter ended
September 30, 2020
.

"We had a strong quarter as people and businesses continue to rely on our services to stay connected and create economic opportunity during these tough times," said Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook founder and CEO. "We continue to make significant investments in our products and hiring in order to deliver new and meaningful experiences for our community around the world."

Third Quarter 2020 Financial Highlights
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Year-over-Year % Change
In millions, except percentages and per share amounts
2020(1)
 
2019 
 
Revenue:
 
 
 
 
 
Advertising
$
21,221

 
$
17,383

 
22%
Other
249

 
269

 
(7)%
Total revenue
21,470

 
17,652

 
22%
Total costs and expenses
13,430

 
10,467

 
28%
Income from operations
$
8,040

 
$
7,185

 
12%
Operating margin
37
%
 
41
%
 

Provision for income taxes
$
287

 
$
1,238

 
(77)%
Effective tax rate
4
%
 
17
%
 

Net income
$
7,846

 
$
6,091

 
29%
Diluted earnings per share (EPS)
$
2.71

 
$
2.12

 
28%
_________________________
(1) Our third quarter 2020 effective tax rate was 4%, which reflects a one-time income tax benefit of $913 million related to the effects of a tax election to capitalize and amortize certain research and development expenses for U.S. income tax purposes. Excluding this tax benefit, our effective tax rate would have been 11 percentage points higher and our diluted EPS would have been $0.31 lower.

Third Quarter 2020 Operational and Other Financial Highlights

Facebook daily active users (DAUs) – DAUs were 1.82 billion on average for September 2020, an increase of 12% year-over-year.
Facebook monthly active users (MAUs) – MAUs were 2.74 billion as of September 30, 2020, an increase of 12% year-over-year.
Family daily active people (DAP) – DAP was 2.54 billion on average for September 2020, an increase of 15% year-over-year.
Family monthly active people (MAP) – MAP was 3.21 billion as of September 30, 2020, an increase of 14% year-over-year.
Capital expenditures – Capital expenditures, including principal payments on finance leases, were $3.88 billion for the third quarter of 2020.
Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities – Cash and cash equivalents and marketable securities were $55.62 billion as of September 30, 2020.
Headcount – Headcount was 56,653 as of September 30, 2020, an increase of 32% year-over-year.




1



CFO Outlook Commentary

As expected, in the third quarter of 2020, we saw Facebook DAUs and MAUs in the US & Canada decline slightly from the second quarter 2020 levels which were elevated due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic. In the fourth quarter of 2020, we expect this trend to continue and that the number of DAUs and MAUs in the US & Canada will be flat or slightly down compared to the third quarter of 2020.

We expect our fourth quarter 2020 year-over-year ad revenue growth rate to be higher than our reported third quarter 2020 rate, driven by continued strong advertiser demand during the holiday season. Additionally, Oculus Quest 2 orders have been strong which should benefit Other Revenue.

Looking ahead to 2021, we continue to face a significant amount of uncertainty.

We believe the pandemic has contributed to an acceleration in the shift of commerce from offline to online, and we experienced increasing demand for advertising as a result of this acceleration. Considering that online commerce is our largest ad vertical, a change in this trend could serve as a headwind to our 2021 ad revenue growth.

In addition, we expect more significant targeting and measurement headwinds in 2021. This includes headwinds from platform changes, notably on Apple iOS 14, as well as those from the evolving regulatory landscape.

There is also continuing uncertainty around the viability of transatlantic data transfers in light of recent European regulatory developments, and like other companies in our industry, we are closely monitoring the potential impact on our European operations as these developments progress.

We expect 2020 total expenses to be in the range of $53-54 billion, narrowed from our prior range of $52-55 billion.

We anticipate that our full-year 2021 total expenses will be in the range of $68-73 billion, driven by continued investments in product development and technical talent, as well as a return to more normal levels of spend in areas like office operations and travel. However, these are preliminary estimates as we have not yet finalized our 2021 budget.

We expect 2020 capital expenditures to be approximately $16 billion, unchanged from our prior outlook. For 2021, we anticipate capital expenditures to be in the range of $21-23 billion, driven by investments in data centers, servers, network infrastructure, and office facilities. Our outlook includes spend that was delayed from 2020 due to the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our construction efforts.

We expect our fourth quarter 2020 effective tax rate to be in the mid-teens and our full-year 2021 tax rate to be in the high-teens.


2



Webcast and Conference Call Information
 
Facebook will host a conference call to discuss the results at 3 p.m. PT / 6 p.m. ET today. The live webcast of Facebook's earnings conference call can be accessed at investor.fb.com, along with the earnings press release, financial tables, and slide presentation. Facebook uses the investor.fb.com and newsroom.fb.com websites as well as Mark Zuckerberg's Facebook Page (https://www.facebook.com/zuck) as means of disclosing material non-public information and for complying with its disclosure obligations under Regulation FD.

Following the call, a replay will be available at the same website. A telephonic replay will be available for one week following the conference call at +1 (404) 537-3406 or +1 (855) 859-2056, conference ID 6245509.

Transcripts of conference calls with publishing equity research analysts held today will also be posted to the investor.fb.com website.

About Facebook

Founded in 2004, Facebook's mission is to give people the power to build community and bring the world closer together. People use Facebook's apps and technologies to connect with friends and family, find communities and grow businesses.

Contacts

Investors:
Deborah Crawford
investor@fb.com / investor.fb.com

Press:
Ryan Moore
press@fb.com / newsroom.fb.com

3



Forward-Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements regarding our future business expectations. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and may differ materially from actual results due to a variety of factors including: the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on our business and financial results; our ability to retain or increase users and engagement levels; our reliance on advertising revenue; our dependency on data signals and mobile operating systems, networks, and standards that we do not control; risks associated with new products and changes to existing products as well as other new business initiatives; our emphasis on community growth and engagement and the user experience over short-term financial results; maintaining and enhancing our brand and reputation; our ongoing privacy, safety, security, and content review efforts; competition; risks associated with government actions that could restrict access to our products or impair our ability to sell advertising in certain countries; litigation and government inquiries; privacy and regulatory concerns; risks associated with acquisitions; security breaches; and our ability to manage growth and geographically-dispersed operations. These and other potential risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from the results predicted are more fully detailed under the caption "Risk Factors" in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q filed with the SEC on July 31, 2020, which is available on our Investor Relations website at investor.fb.com and on the SEC website at www.sec.gov. Additional information will also be set forth in our Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended September 30, 2020. In addition, please note that the date of this press release is October 29, 2020, and any forward-looking statements contained herein are based on assumptions that we believe to be reasonable as of this date. We undertake no obligation to update these statements as a result of new information or future events.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

To supplement our condensed consolidated financial statements, which are prepared and presented in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles in the United States (GAAP), we use the following non-GAAP financial measures: revenue excluding foreign exchange effect, advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect and free cash flow. The presentation of these financial measures is not intended to be considered in isolation or as a substitute for, or superior to, financial information prepared and presented in accordance with GAAP. Investors are cautioned that there are material limitations associated with the use of non-GAAP financial measures as an analytical tool. In addition, these measures may be different from non-GAAP financial measures used by other companies, limiting their usefulness for comparison purposes. We compensate for these limitations by providing specific information regarding the GAAP amounts excluded from these non-GAAP financial measures.

We believe these non-GAAP financial measures provide investors with useful supplemental information about the financial performance of our business, enable comparison of financial results between periods where certain items may vary independent of business performance, and allow for greater transparency with respect to key metrics used by management in operating our business.

We exclude the following items from our non-GAAP financial measures:

Foreign exchange effect on revenue. We translated revenue for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 using the prior year's monthly exchange rates for our settlement or billing currencies other than the U.S. dollar, which we believe is a useful metric that facilitates comparison to our historical performance.

Purchases of property and equipment, net; Principal payments on finance leases. We subtract both net purchases of property and equipment and principal payments on finance leases in our calculation of free cash flow because we believe that these two items collectively represent the amount of property and equipment we need to procure to support our business, regardless of whether we procure such property or equipment with a finance lease. We believe that this methodology can provide useful supplemental information to help investors better understand underlying trends in our business. Free cash flow is not intended to represent our residual cash flow available for discretionary expenditures.

For more information on our non-GAAP financial measures and a reconciliation of GAAP to non-GAAP measures, please see the "Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results" table in this press release.

4



FACEBOOK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(In millions, except for per share amounts)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2020
 
2019 
 
2020
 
2019
Revenue
$
21,470

 
$
17,652

 
$
57,893

 
$
49,615

Costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenue
4,194

 
3,155

 
11,482

 
9,279

Research and development
4,763

 
3,548

 
13,240

 
9,722

Marketing and sales
2,683

 
2,416

 
8,310

 
6,850

General and administrative
1,790

 
1,348

 
4,965

 
8,636

Total costs and expenses
13,430

 
10,467

 
37,997

 
34,487

Income from operations
8,040

 
7,185

 
19,896

 
15,128

Interest and other income, net
93

 
144

 
229

 
515

Income before provision for income taxes
8,133

 
7,329

 
20,125

 
15,643

Provision for income taxes
287

 
1,238

 
2,198

 
4,507

Net income
$
7,846

 
$
6,091

 
$
17,927

 
$
11,136

Earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
2.75

 
$
2.13

 
$
6.29

 
$
3.90

Diluted
$
2.71

 
$
2.12

 
$
6.22

 
$
3.87

Weighted-average shares used to compute earnings per share attributable to Class A and Class B common stockholders:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
2,850

 
2,854

 
2,850

 
2,855

Diluted
2,891

 
2,874

 
2,883

 
2,875

Share-based compensation expense included in costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of revenue
$
116

 
$
91

 
$
327

 
$
287

Research and development
1,297

 
907

 
3,557

 
2,557

Marketing and sales
180

 
148

 
516

 
421

General and administrative
129

 
103

 
352

 
297

Total share-based compensation expense
$
1,722

 
$
1,249

 
$
4,752

 
$
3,562









5



FACEBOOK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
 
 
September 30, 2020
 
December 31, 2019
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
11,617

 
$
19,079

 
Marketable securities
44,003

 
35,776

 
Accounts receivable, net of allowances of $311 and $206 as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively
8,024

 
9,518

 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
2,155

 
1,852

 
 
Total current assets
65,799

 
66,225

Equity investments
6,164

 
86

Property and equipment, net
42,291

 
35,323

Operating lease right-of-use assets, net
9,439

 
9,460

Intangible assets, net
744

 
894

Goodwill
19,031

 
18,715

Other assets
2,969

 
2,673

Total assets
$
146,437

 
$
133,376

 
 
 
 
 
 
Liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
1,106

 
$
1,363

 
Partners payable
800

 
886

 
Operating lease liabilities, current
975

 
800

 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
8,684

 
11,735

 
Deferred revenue and deposits
379

 
269

 
 
Total current liabilities
11,944

 
15,053

Operating lease liabilities, non-current
9,641

 
9,524

Other liabilities
7,121

 
7,745

 
 
Total liabilities
28,706

 
32,322

Commitments and contingencies
 
 
 
Stockholders' equity:
 
 
 
 
Common stock and additional paid-in capital
48,910

 
45,851

 
Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
308

 
(489
)
 
Retained earnings
68,513

 
55,692

 
 
Total stockholders' equity
117,731

 
101,054

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
$
146,437

 
$
133,376




6



FACEBOOK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
Cash flows from operating activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
7,846

 
$
6,091

 
$
17,927

 
$
11,136

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Depreciation and amortization
1,698

 
1,416

 
4,999

 
4,273

   Share-based compensation
1,722

 
1,249

 
4,752

 
3,562

   Deferred income taxes
(1,506
)
 
175

 
(816
)
 
358

   Other
7

 
30

 
56

 
44

Changes in assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
   Accounts receivable
(377
)
 
(328
)
 
1,547

 
(264
)
   Prepaid expenses and other current assets
264

 
(360
)
 
(89
)
 
(527
)
   Other assets
6

 

 
(8
)
 
66

   Accounts payable
139

 
89

 
39

 
2

   Partners payable
58

 
39

 
(100
)
 
59

   Accrued expenses and other current liabilities
(258
)
 
457

 
(3,273
)
 
6,439

   Deferred revenue and deposits
112

 
31

 
111

 
82

   Other liabilities
117

 
418

 
(438
)
 
2,001

Net cash provided by operating activities
9,828

 
9,307

 
24,707

 
27,231

Cash flows from investing activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment, net
(3,689
)
 
(3,532
)
 
(10,502
)
 
(11,002
)
Purchases of marketable securities
(14,130
)
 
(7,397
)
 
(28,193
)
 
(19,152
)
Sales of marketable securities
4,398

 
2,946

 
9,779

 
7,402

Maturities of marketable securities
2,857

 
2,943

 
10,725

 
7,048

Purchases of equity investments
(6,020
)
 

 
(6,302
)
 
(61
)
Acquisitions of businesses, net of cash acquired, and purchases of intangible assets
(12
)
 
(10
)
 
(384
)
 
(63
)
Other investing activities, net
(3
)
 

 
(9
)
 

Net cash used in investing activities
(16,599
)
 
(5,050
)
 
(24,886
)
 
(15,828
)
Cash flows from financing activities
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of equity awards
(1,000
)
 
(591
)
 
(2,444
)
 
(1,710
)
Repurchases of Class A common stock
(1,725
)
 
(1,148
)
 
(4,343
)
 
(2,906
)
Principal payments on finance leases
(189
)
 
(144
)
 
(398
)
 
(411
)
Net change in overdraft in cash pooling entities
(8
)
 
(141
)
 
(24
)
 
(260
)
Other financing activities, net
10

 
5

 
124

 
14

Net cash used in financing activities
(2,912
)
 
(2,019
)
 
(7,085
)
 
(5,273
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
93

 
(156
)
 
(36
)
 
(174
)
Net increase (decrease) in cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
(9,590
)
 
2,082

 
(7,300
)
 
5,956

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at beginning of the period
21,569

 
13,998

 
19,279

 
10,124

Cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash at end of the period
$
11,979

 
$
16,080

 
$
11,979

 
$
16,080

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash to the condensed consolidated balance sheets
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
11,617

 
$
15,979

 
$
11,617

 
$
15,979

Restricted cash, included in prepaid expenses and other current assets
222

 
7

 
222

 
7

Restricted cash, included in other assets
140

 
94

 
140

 
94

Total cash, cash equivalents, and restricted cash
$
11,979

 
$
16,080

 
$
11,979

 
$
16,080


7




FACEBOOK, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
Supplemental cash flow data
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash paid for income taxes, net
$
1,872

 
$
832

 
$
3,122

 
$
2,528

Non-cash investing activities:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition of businesses and other investments in accrued expenses and other liabilities
$
118

 
$

 
$
118

 
$

Property and equipment in accounts payable and accrued expenses and other liabilities
$
2,137

 
$
1,850

 
$
2,137

 
$
1,850






8




Reconciliation of GAAP to Non-GAAP Results
(In millions, except percentages)
(Unaudited)
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2020
 
2019
 
2020
 
2019
GAAP revenue
$
21,470

 
$
17,652

 
$
57,893

 
$
49,615

Foreign exchange effect on 2020 revenue using 2019 rates
(114
)
 
 
 
459

 
 
Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect
$
21,356

 
 
 
$
58,352

 
 
GAAP revenue year-over-year change %
22
%
 
 
 
17
%
 
 
Revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change %
21
%
 
 
 
18
%
 
 
GAAP advertising revenue
$
21,221

 
$
17,383

 
$
56,981

 
$
48,919

Foreign exchange effect on 2020 advertising revenue using 2019 rates
(109
)
 
 
 
462

 
 
Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect
$
21,112

 
 
 
$
57,443

 
 
GAAP advertising revenue year-over-year change %
22
%
 
 
 
16
%
 
 
Advertising revenue excluding foreign exchange effect year-over-year change %
21
%
 
 
 
17
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash provided by operating activities
$
9,828

 
$
9,307

 
$
24,707

 
$
27,231

Purchases of property and equipment, net
(3,689
)
 
(3,532
)
 
(10,502
)
 
(11,002
)
Principal payments on finance leases
(189
)
 
(144
)
 
(398
)
 
(411
)
Free cash flow (1)
$
5,950

 
$
5,631

 
$
13,807

 
$
15,818

_________________________
(1) Free cash flow in the nine months ended September 30, 2020 reflects the $5.0 billion FTC settlement that was paid in April 2020.






9

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