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Educational Development Corp (EDUC) SEC Filing 10-Q Quarterly report for the period ending Friday, November 30, 2018

SEC Filings

Educational Development Corp

CIK: 31667 Ticker: EDUC

EXHIBIT 99.1

Educational Development Corporation Announces Third Quarter Fiscal 2019 Results

TULSA, Okla., Jan. 10, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Educational Development Corporation (“EDC”, or the “Company”) (NASDAQ: EDUC) (http://www.edcpub.com) today reports record net sales and earnings per share results for the third quarter ended November 30, 2018.   


Randall White, CEO of Educational Development Corporation, announced that for the fiscal third quarter ended November 30, 2018, the Company reports net revenues of $40,482,600, an increase of $1,572,700, or 4.0%, when compared to $38,909,900 for the third quarter of the previous year.  Net earnings totaled $2,815,600 for quarter ended November 30, 2018, compared to $2,128,400 for the quarter ended November 30, 2017, an increase of 32.3%. Earnings per share for the quarter were $0.34 compared to $0.26 for the same quarter in the previous year, up 30.8% on a fully diluted basis.

Our direct sales division, Usborne Books & More (“UBAM”), continues to be the largest operating segment of the Company.  Net revenues of this division for the third quarter ending November 30, 2018 were $37,321,300, an increase of 2.3% from $36,470,300 reported in the third quarter ended November 30, 2017.  The average number of active direct sales consultants decreased 900, or 2.9%, to 30,200 for the quarter ended November 30, 2018, over our average active consultant count in the third quarter of last year.

Our Publishing’s division net revenues for the quarter ended November 30, 2018 were $3,161,300, an increase of $721,700, or 29.6% from the revenues reported in the third quarter of last year totaling $2,439,600. 

The Company’s year to date net revenues in the first three quarters of the fiscal year totaled $95,185,900, an increase of $5,147,900, or 5.7%, from $90,038,000 reported in the same period last year.  Net earnings totaled $6,122,900 for nine months ended November 30, 2018, compared to $4,390,600 for the nine months ended November 30, 2018, an increase of 39.5%.   Year to date earnings per share increased $0.21, or 38.9%, from $0.54 for the nine months ended November 30, 2017 to $0.75 for the nine months ended November 30, 2018, on a fully diluted basis.

Per Mr. White, “I am pleased to announce our continued record net revenues in the fiscal third quarter, our busiest quarter of the year.   During this quarter we saw increased sales activity from our active consultants and also experienced the return of net sales from our Publishing division to historical levels. 

Mr. White continued, “The growth in the active consultant count of our UBAM Division has been challenged over the past few quarters, s has the entire Direct Selling Industry, which has experienced a multi-year decline.  Our sales increase, while modest, reflects a much more positive result when compared to the overall industry statistics.  These results can be attributed to our dedicated, loyal sales force, the outstanding quality and value of our product line, the successful efforts of our marketing department and the shipment execution from our operations department.  During the third quarter, our shipments kept pace with the increased volume of incoming orders without creating a large backlog, which increased revenues and improved our overall customer satisfaction.”

Per Mr. White, “We are also reporting record profits for the quarter.  These profits result from increased volumes and operational improvements that were made during the last two years.  These improvements were evidenced in the reduced number of seasonal employees utilized.  During the third quarter, we employed only one warehouse shift, whereas last year when we utilized two shifts for the majority of the third quarter.  While there was additional overtime this year in our warehouse operations, the savings from not using a second shift of seasonal employees resulted in increased efficiencies and profits during the quarter.”

Mr. White continued, “All of these sales improvements and improved execution have made us poised for additional growth in the upcoming quarters.” 

Mr. White concluded,  “Our Board has approved the continued payment of dividends this quarter and authorized a $0.05 per share cash dividend which will be paid on or around Thursday, March 12, 2019 to shareholders of record February 21, 2019.  We are pleased to continue our recent practice of paying quarterly dividends.”   

 
EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION
CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS (UNAUDITED)
 Three Months Ended November 30 Nine Months Ended November 30
  2018 2017  2018 2017
      
NET REVENUES   40,482,600   38,909,900  95,185,900 90,038,000
      
EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAXES   3,804,200 3,482,800     8,335,600   7,097,700
      
INCOME TAXES   988,600   1,304,400    2,212,700   2,707,100
NET EARNINGS$ 2,815,600$ 2,128,400 $    6,122,900$    4,390,600
          
BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS         
PER SHARE:         
Basic$    0.34$    0.26 $     0.75$    0.54
Diluted$  0.34$  0.26 $    0.75$    0.54
          
          
DIVIDENDS PER SHARE$    0.10$0.00 $    0.15$    0.00
          
WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF         
COMMON AND EQUIVALENT SHARES         
OUTSTANDING:         
Basic   8,194,072   8,174,536   8,185,561   8,175,372
Diluted   8,201,776   8,180,022   8,193,206   8,180,106
          

EDC will host its third quarter fiscal 2019 results Investor Call including a live Q&A webcast on Tuesday, January 15, 2019, at 3:00 PM CT (4:00 PM ET).  Randall White, the Company’s CEO and President, Craig White, Chief Operating Officer, Heather Cobb, Chief Sales and Marketing Officer and Dan O’Keefe, CFO and Secretary, will present the fiscal third quarter and results and be available for questions following the presentation.  Phone lines for participants will be available at (844) 395-9253 (International callers can use (478) 219-0506.  The conference passcode is 1792807.

The weblink to the call is: https://edge.media-server.com/m6/p/qcipe2bg  

The link to the webcast, including replays will be available following the event at www.edcpub.com/investors.aspx.

About Educational Development Corporation (EDC)
EDC is a publishing company specializing in books for children.  EDC is the exclusive United States trade co-publisher of the line of educational children’s books produced in the United Kingdom by Usborne Publishing Limited (“Usborne”) and we also exclusively publish books through our ownership of Kane Miller Book Publisher (“Kane Miller”); both international award-winning publishers of children’s books.  EDC’s current catalog contains over 2,000 titles, with new additions semi-annually.  Both Usborne and Kane Miller products are sold via 4,000 retail outlets and by independent consultants, who hold book showings in individual homes, through social media, book fairs with school and public libraries, direct and internet sales. 

Contact:
Educational Development Corporation
Randall White, (918) 622-4522

Cautionary Statement for the Purpose of the “Safe Harbor” Provision of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.

The information discussed in this Press Release includes “forward-looking statements.” These forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as “may,” “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “plan,” “believe,” “intend,” “achievable,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “potential,” “should,” “could,” and similar terms and phrases.  Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, they do involve certain assumptions, risks and uncertainties and we can give no assurance that such expectations or assumptions will be achieved.  Known and unknown risks, uncertainties and other factors may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to be materially different from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by forward-looking statements.  Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, our success in recruiting and retaining new consultants, our ability to locate and procure desired books, our ability to ship the volume of orders that are received without creating backlogs, our ability to obtain adequate financing  for working capital and capital expenditures, economic and competitive conditions, regulatory changes and other uncertainties, as well as those factors discussed in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 28, 2018, all of which are difficult to predict.  In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed may not occur.  All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements in this paragraph and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 28, 2018 and speak only as of the date of this Press Release.  Other than as required under the securities laws, we do not assume a duty to update these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or circumstances, changes in expectations or otherwise.

 


The following information was filed by Educational Development Corp (EDUC) on Monday, January 14, 2019 as an 8K 2.02 statement, which is an earnings press release pertaining to results of operations and financial condition. It may be helpful to assess the quality of management by comparing the information in the press release to the information in the accompanying 10-Q Quarterly Report statement of earnings and operation as management may choose to highlight particular information in the press release.


UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


 

FORM 10-Q

 


 

(Mark One)

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended November 30, 2018

OR

TRANSITION REPORT UNDER SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ___________ to ____________.

 

Commission file number: 000-04957

 

EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware

73-0750007

(State or other jurisdiction of 

incorporation or organization)

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

 

5402 South 122nd East Avenue, Tulsa, Oklahoma          74146

                      (Address of principal executive offices)                   (Zip Code)

 

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code (918) 622-4522

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.   Yes ☒        No ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).   Yes ☒          No ☐         

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See definitions of “large accelerated filer”, “accelerated filer”, “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

 

Large accelerated filer ☐

Accelerated filer ☐

 

 

 

 

Non-accelerated filer ☒

Smaller reporting company ☒

 

 

 

 

 

Emerging Growth Company ☐

 

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. ☐

 

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).   Yes ☐       No ☒

 

As of January 9, 2019, there were 8,197,826 shares of Educational Development Corporation Common Stock, $0.20 par value outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

 

 

Page

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Financial Statements

3

Item 2.

Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations

17

Item 3.

Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk

25

Item 4.

Controls and Procedures

25

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.

Legal Proceedings

26

Item 1A.

Risk Factors

26

Item 2.

Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds

26

Item 3.

Defaults Upon Senior Securities

26

Item 4.

Mine Safety Disclosures

26

Item 5.

Other Information

26

Item 6.

Exhibits

26

Signatures

27

 

 

CAUTIONARY REMARKS REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS

 

The information discussed in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q includes “forward-looking statements.” These forward-looking statements are identified by their use of terms and phrases such as “may,” “expect,” “estimate,” “project,” “plan,” “believe,” “intend,” “achievable,” “anticipate,” “continue,” “potential,” “should,” “could,” and similar terms and phrases. Although we believe that the expectations reflected in these forward-looking statements are reasonable, they do involve certain assumptions, risks and uncertainties, and we can give no assurance that such expectations or assumptions will be achieved. Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements are described under “Item 7 – Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 28, 2018 and in this quarterly report. All forward-looking statements attributable to us or persons acting on our behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements in this paragraph and elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and speak only as of the date of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Other than as required under the securities laws, we do not assume a duty to update these forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, subsequent events or circumstances, changes in expectations or otherwise.

 

 

 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

Item 1.          FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

CONDENSED BALANCE SHEETS (UNAUDITED)

 

   

November 30,

   

February 28,

 

ASSETS

 

2018

   

2018

 

CURRENT ASSETS:

               

Cash and cash equivalents

  $ 7,840,500     $ 2,723,300  

Accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $303,500 (November 30) and $297,100 (February 28)

    3,550,200       2,913,700  

Inventories - Net

    30,646,000       26,618,600  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    1,583,400       1,259,000  

Total current assets

    43,620,100       33,514,600  
                 

INVENTORIES - Net

    604,000       435,900  
                 

PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT - Net

    27,496,400       27,860,500  
                 

OTHER ASSETS

    26,900       26,900  
                 

TOTAL ASSETS

  $ 71,747,400     $ 61,837,900  
                 
                 

LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

               

CURRENT LIABILITIES

               

Accounts payable

  $ 15,156,500     $ 12,469,000  

Deferred revenues

    1,057,300       693,000  

Current maturities of long-term debt

    928,100       881,200  

Accrued salaries and commissions

    3,791,100       2,007,900  

Income taxes payable

    545,900       1,798,800  

Dividends payable

    409,700       -  

Other current liabilities

    4,116,100       3,517,900  

Total current liabilities

    26,004,700       21,367,800  
                 

LONG-TERM DEBT - Net of current maturities

    19,076,000       19,825,100  

DEFERRED INCOME TAXES - Net

    810,000       136,900  

OTHER LONG-TERM LIABILITIES

    109,000       106,000  

Total liabilities

    45,999,700       41,435,800  
                 

SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

               

Common stock, $0.20 par value; Authorized 16,000,000 shares;

Issued 12,092,080 (November 30 and February 28) shares;

Outstanding 8,203,119 (November 30) and 8,179,612 (February 28) shares

    2,418,400       2,418,400  

Capital in excess of par value

    8,828,600       8,573,300  

Retained earnings

    25,609,600       20,714,500  
      36,856,600       31,706,200  

Less treasury stock, at cost

    (11,108,900 )     (11,304,100 )

Total shareholders' equity

    25,747,700       20,402,100  

TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY

  $ 71,747,400     $ 61,837,900  

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 

EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS (UNAUDITED)

 

   

Three Months Ended

November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended

November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

GROSS SALES:

  $ 53,486,000     $ 44,383,700     $ 125,574,400     $ 109,395,400  

Less discounts and allowances

    (16,572,600 )     (9,249,500 )     (38,918,700 )     (28,317,300 )

Transportation revenue

    3,569,200       3,775,700       8,530,200       8,959,900  

NET REVENUES

    40,482,600       38,909,900       95,185,900       90,038,000  

COST OF GOODS SOLD

    13,141,600       12,211,700       31,274,000       28,460,800  

Gross margin

    27,341,000       26,698,200       63,911,900       61,577,200  
                                 

OPERATING EXPENSE:

                               

Operating and selling

    6,540,600       6,121,100       14,554,400       13,684,200  

Sales commissions

    12,689,200       12,510,400       29,375,300       28,759,300  

General and administrative

    4,476,000       4,735,200       12,106,900       12,359,600  

Total operating expenses

    23,705,800       23,366,700       56,036,600       54,803,100  
                                 
                                 

INTEREST EXPENSE

    228,600       287,600       712,000       863,800  

OTHER INCOME

    (397,600 )     (388,900 )     (1,172,300 )     (1,187,400 )
                                 

EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAXES

    3,804,200       3,432,800       8,335,600       7,097,700  
                                 

INCOME TAXES

    988,600       1,304,400       2,212,700       2,707,100  

NET EARNINGS

  $ 2,815,600     $ 2,128,400     $ 6,122,900     $ 4,390,600  
                                 

BASIC AND DILUTED EARNINGS PER SHARE

                               

Basic

  $ 0.34     $ 0.26     $ 0.75     $ 0.54  

Diluted

  $ 0.34     $ 0.26     $ 0.75     $ 0.54  
                                 

WEIGHTED AVERAGE NUMBER OF COMMON AND EQUIVALENT SHARES OUTSTANDING

                               

Basic

    8,194,072       8,174,536       8,185,561       8,175,372  

Diluted

    8,201,776       8,180,022       8,193,206       8,180,106  

Dividends per share

  $ 0.10     $ -     $ 0.15     $ -  

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 

EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

CONDENSED STATEMENT OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 30, 2018

 

   

 

Common Stock

(par value $0.20 per share)

                   

Treasury Stock

         
   

Number of

           

Capital in

                                 
   

Shares

           

Excess of

   

Retained

   

Number of

           

Shareholders'

 
   

Issued

   

Amount

   

Par Value

   

Earnings

   

Shares

   

Amount

   

Equity

 
                                                         

BALANCE - February 28, 2018

    12,092,080     $ 2,418,400     $ 8,573,300     $ 20,714,500       3,912,468     $ (11,304,100 )   $ 20,402,100  
                                                         

Purchases of treasury stock

    -       -       -       -       3,079       (31,900 )     (31,900 )

Sales of treasury stock

    -       -       -       -       (26,586 )     227,100       227,100  

Dividends paid ($0.10/share)

    -       -       -       (818,100 )     -       -       (818,100 )

Dividends declared ($0.05/share)

    -       -       -       (409,700 )     -       -       (409,700 )

Share-based compensation expense

(see Note 5)

    -       -       255,300       -       -       -       255,300  

Net earnings

    -       -       -       6,122,900       -       -       6,122,900  
                                                         

BALANCE - November 30, 2018

    12,092,080     $ 2,418,400     $ 8,828,600     $ 25,609,600       3,888,961     $ (11,108,900 )   $ 25,747,700  

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 

 

 

EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

CONDENSED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED NOVEMBER 30,

 

   

2018

   

2017

 
                 

CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:

               

Net earnings

  $ 6,122,900     $ 4,390,600  

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash

provided by operating activities:

               

Depreciation

    1,085,100       911,700  

Deferred income taxes, net

    673,100       179,400  

Provision for doubtful accounts

    68,500       (210,700 )

Provision for inventory valuation allowance

    246,200       78,400  

Share-based compensation expense

    255,300       -  

Changes in assets and liabilities:

               

Accounts receivable

    (705,000 )     (709,500 )

Inventories, net

    (4,441,700 )     9,807,100  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    (324,400 )     (198,700 )

Accounts payable

    3,327,000       (7,301,700 )

Accrued salaries and commissions, and other liabilities

    2,384,300       3,889,200  

Deferred revenues

    364,300       28,600  

Income taxes payable

    (1,252,900 )     469,600  

Total adjustments

    1,679,800       6,943,400  

Net cash provided by operating activities

    7,802,700       11,334,000  

CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:

               

Purchases of property, plant and equipment

    (1,360,500 )     (1,330,500 )

Net cash used in investing activities

    (1,360,500 )     (1,330,500 )

CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:

               

Payments on long-term debt

    (702,100 )     (657,800 )

Proceeds from long-term debt

    -       1,019,000  

Cash received from sale of treasury stock

    227,100       32,000  

Cash received from issuance of shares

    -       26,300  

Cash used to purchase treasury stock

    (31,900 )     (98,000 )

Net borrowings under line of credit

    -       (4,882,900 )

Dividends paid

    (818,100 )     -  

Net cash used in financing activities

    (1,325,000 )     (4,561,400 )

NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS

    5,117,200       5,442,100  

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - BEGINNING OF PERIOD

    2,723,300       699,200  

CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS - END OF PERIOD

  $ 7,840,500     $ 6,141,300  
                 

SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURE OF CASH FLOWS INFORMATION:

               

Cash paid for interest

  $ 704,300     $ 868,900  

Cash paid for income taxes

  $ 2,859,100     $ 2,058,100  

 

See notes to financial statements.

 

 

 

NOTES TO CONDENSED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

Note 1 – BASIS OF PRESENTATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES

 

Basis of Presentation

 

The accompanying Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“GAAP”) for interim condensed financial information and in accordance with the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission. The Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements include all adjustments considered necessary for a fair presentation of the financial position and results of operations for the interim periods presented. Such adjustments consist only of normal recurring items, unless otherwise disclosed herein. Accordingly, the Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements do not include all of the information and notes required by GAAP for complete financial statements. However, we believe that the disclosures made are adequate to make the information not misleading. These interim Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements should be read in conjunction with our audited financial statements as of and for the year ended February 28, 2018 included in our Form 10-K. The results of operations for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of the results to be expected for a full year due to the seasonality of our product sales.

 

On July 24, 2018, our Board of Directors authorized a two-for-one stock split in the form of a stock dividend. The stock dividend was distributed on August 22, 2018 to shareholders of record as of August 14, 2018. All share-based data, including the number of shares outstanding and per share amounts, have been retroactively adjusted to reflect the stock split for all periods presented.

 

Reclassifications

 

Certain reclassifications have been made to the fiscal 2018 condensed balance sheet, condensed statement of earnings and condensed statement of cash flows to conform to the classifications used in fiscal 2019. These reclassifications had no effect on net earnings.

 

Use of Estimates in the Preparation of Financial Statements

 

The preparation of the Unaudited Condensed Financial Statements in conformity with GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in these financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

 

Significant Accounting Policies

 

Our significant accounting policies are consistent with those disclosed in Note 1 to our audited financial statements as of and for the year ended February 28, 2018 included in our Form 10-K.

 

New Accounting Pronouncements

 

The Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) periodically issues new accounting standards in a continuing effort to improve standards of financial accounting and reporting. We have reviewed the recently issued accounting standards updates (“ASU”) and concluded that the following recently issued accounting standards apply to us.

 

In May 2014, FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09, and amended with ASU No. 2015-14 “Revenue from Contracts with Customers,” (Topic 606) which provides a single revenue recognition model which is intended to improve comparability over a range of industries, companies and geographical boundaries and will also result in enhanced disclosures. The changes are effective for fiscal years, and interim periods within those years, beginning after December 15, 2017. The amendments in this series of updates shall be applied either retrospectively to each period presented or as a cumulative-effect adjustment as of the date of adoption. The Company adopted Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, with a date of initial application of March 1, 2018, using the full retrospective method applied to all contracts. Results for all reporting periods are presented under Topic 606. As a result of adopting this new accounting guidance, the Company has changed the method of accounting for its hostess awards program from reporting the net cost of these awards in operating and selling expenses to allocating a portion of the transaction price to the material right and reporting these in gross sales and discounts with the associated costs in cost of goods sold. The new reporting of these awards increases gross sales and increases discounts and allowances for a similar amount, having an immaterial effect on net revenues and no effect on net earnings or retained earnings, but lowering the Company’s gross margin percentage. The Company has also removed the allowance for sales returns from the net accounts receivable amount reported on the balance sheet. The allowance for sales returns has been adjusted to reflect a refund liability and a return asset. The cumulative impact of adoption of the new revenue recognition standard had no impact on net earnings and retained earnings (See Note 10).

 

 

In February 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, “Leases,” which is intended to establish a comprehensive new lease accounting model. The new standard clarifies the definition of a lease, requires a dual approach to lease classification similar to current lease classifications, and causes lessees to recognize leases on the balance sheet as a lease liability with a corresponding right-of-use asset. The new standard is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018, which means the first quarter of our fiscal year 2020. The new standard requires a modified retrospective transition for capital or operating leases existing at or entered into after the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented in the financial statements. We are currently reviewing the ASU and evaluating the potential impact on our financial statements.

 

In June 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13 “Financial Instruments—Credit Losses”, which requires a financial asset (or a group of financial assets) measured at amortized cost basis to be presented at the net amount expected to be collected.   The new standard is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years, which means the first quarter of our fiscal year 2020. We anticipate this ASU to have minimal impact on our financial statements.

 

In August 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-15 “Statement of Cash Flows - Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments.” The guidance’s objective is to reduce diversity in practice of how certain cash receipts and cash payments are presented and classified in the statement of cash flows. The new standards required date of adoption is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017. This standard was adopted as of March 1, 2018. Adoption of this new standard did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

In May 2017, FASB issued ASU 2017-09, “Compensation - Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Scope of Modification Accounting.” This update amends the scope of modification accounting surrounding share-based payment arrangements as issued in ASU 2016-09 by providing guidance on the various types of changes which would trigger modification accounting for share-based payment awards. This ASU is effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within those annual periods. The new standard is required to be applied prospectively. The guidance was effective March 1, 2018, and the adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our financial statements.

 

Note 2 – INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consist of the following:

 

   

2018

 
   

November 30,

   

February 28,

 

Current:

               

Book inventory

  $ 30,905,100     $ 27,078,600  

Inventory valuation allowance

    (259,100 )     (460,000 )

Inventories net - current

  $ 30,646,000     $ 26,618,600  
                 

Noncurrent:

               

Book inventory

  $ 1,021,400     $ 707,700  

Inventory valuation allowance

    (417,400 )     (271,800 )

Inventories net - noncurrent

  $ 604,000     $ 435,900  

 

Book inventory quantities in excess of what we expect will be sold within the normal operating cycle, based on 2.5 years of anticipated sales, are included in non-current inventory.

 

Significant portions of our inventory purchases are concentrated with an England-based publishing company, Usborne Publishing, Ltd. (“Usborne”). Purchases from this company were approximately $8.0 million and $6.9 million for the three months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Total inventory purchases from all suppliers were $10.1 million and $10.9 million for the three months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Purchases from Usborne were approximately $23.5 million and $18.2 million for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. Total inventory purchases from all suppliers were $31.7 million and $27.5 million for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

 

 

Note 3 – DEBT

 

Debt consists of the following:

 

   

2018

 
   

November 30,

   

February 28,

 
                 

Line of credit

  $ -     $ -  
                 
                 

Long-term debt

  $ 20,004,100     $ 20,706,300  

Less current maturities

    (928,100 )     (881,200 )

Long-term debt, net of current maturities

  $ 19,076,000     $ 19,825,100  

 

We have a Loan Agreement dated as of March 10, 2016 (as amended the “Loan Agreement”) with MidFirst Bank (“the Bank”) which includes multiple loans. Term Loan #1 is comprised of Tranche A totaling $13.4 million and Tranche B totaling $5.0 million, both with the maturity date of December 1, 2025. Tranche A has a fixed interest rate of 4.23% and interest is payable monthly. For Tranche B, interest is payable monthly at the bank adjusted LIBOR Index plus a tiered pricing rate based on the Company’s Adjusted Funded Debt to EBITDA Ratio (4.84% at November 30, 2018). Term Loan #1 is secured by the primary office, warehouse and land.

 

We also have Term Loan #2 with the Bank in the amount of $4.0 million with the maturity date of June 28, 2021, and interest payable monthly at the bank adjusted LIBOR Index plus a tiered pricing rate based on the Company’s Adjusted Funded Debt to EBITDA Ratio (4.84% at November 30, 2018).   Term Loan #2 is secured by our secondary warehouse and land. The Loan Agreement also provided a $15.0 million revolving loan (“line of credit”) through August 15, 2019 with interest payable monthly at the bank adjusted LIBOR Index plus a tiered pricing rate based on the Company’s Adjusted Funded Debt to EBITDA Ratio (4.84% at November 30, 2018).

 

The Tranche B, the line of credit and the Term Loan #2 accrue interest at a tiered rate based on our Adjusted Funded Debt to EBITDA Ratio, which is payable monthly. The variable interest pricing tier is as follows:

 

 

Pricing Tier

 

Adjusted Funded Debt to EBITDA Ratio

 

LIBOR Margin (bps)

I

 

>2.00

 

325.00

II

 

>1.50 but <2.00

 

300.00

III

 

>1.00 but <1.50

 

275.00

IV

 

<1.00

 

250.00

 

EBITDA is defined in the Loan Agreement as earnings before interest expense, income tax expense (benefit) and depreciation and amortization expenses.

 

We had no borrowings outstanding on our revolving credit agreement at November 30 and February 28, 2018. Available credit under the revolving credit agreement was $10,600,400 and $9,424,000 at November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018, respectively.

 

On June 15, 2018 the Company executed the Eighth Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank related to our Loan Agreement dated as of March 10, 2016. This Amendment established a new $3,000,000 advancing term loan to be used for capital expansions to increase daily shipping capacity. We had no borrowings outstanding on the advancing term loan at November 30, 2018.

 

The Loan Agreement also contains a provision for our use of the Bank’s letters of credit. The Bank agrees to issue or obtain issuance of commercial or stand-by letters of credit provided that no letters of credit will have an expiry date later than August 15, 2019, and that the sum of the line of credit plus the letters of credit would not exceed the borrowing base in effect at the time. For the quarter ended November 30, 2018, we had no letters of credit outstanding.

 

The Loan Agreement contains provisions that require us to maintain specified financial ratios, restrict transactions with related parties, prohibits mergers or consolidation, disallow additional debt, and limit the amount of compensation, salaries, investments, capital expenditures, leasing transactions we can make on a quarterly basis. Additionally, the Loan Agreement places limitations on the amount of dividends that may be distributed and certain stock buyback transactions.

 

 

 

The following table reflects aggregate future maturities of long-term debt during the next five fiscal years and thereafter as follows:

 

Year ending February 28 (29),

       

2019

  $ 222,500  

2020

    943,700  

2021

    985,400  

2022

    1,033,900  

2023

    1,082,300  

Thereafter

    15,736,300  
Total   $ 20,004,100  

 

Note 4 – EARNINGS PER SHARE

 

Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is computed by dividing net earnings by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding during the period. Diluted EPS is based on the combined weighted average number of common shares outstanding and dilutive potential common shares issuable which include, where appropriate, the assumed exercise of options. In computing diluted EPS, we have utilized the treasury stock method. See Note 1 for additional information regarding the stock split that occurred in fiscal 2019.

 

The computation of weighted average common and common equivalent shares used in the calculation of basic and diluted EPS is shown below.

 

   

Three Months Ended November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Earnings per share:

                               

Net earnings applicable to common shareholders

  $ 2,815,600     $ 2,128,400     $ 6,122,900     $ 4,390,600  

Shares:

                               

Weighted average shares outstanding-basic

    8,194,072       8,174,536       8,185,561       8,175,372  

Assumed exercise of options

    7,704       5,486       7,645       4,734  
                                 

Weighted average shares outstanding-diluted

    8,201,776       8,180,022       8,193,206       8,180,106  
                                 

Diluted earnings per share:

                               

Basic

  $ 0.34     $ 0.26     $ 0.75     $ 0.54  

Diluted

  $ 0.34     $ 0.26     $ 0.75     $ 0.54  

 

Note 5 – STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

We account for stock-based compensation whereby share-based payment transactions with employees, such as stock options and restricted stock, are measured at estimated fair value at the date of grant.  For awards subject to service conditions, compensation expense is recognized over the vesting period on a straight-line basis.  Awards subject to performance conditions are attributed separately for each vesting tranche of the award and are recognized ratably from the service inception date to the vesting date for each tranche.  Forfeitures are recognized when they occur.

 

The Company has outstanding stock options under the 2002 Employee Incentive Stock Option Plan totaling 10,000 shares. No options have been exercised in the three and nine months ended November 30, 2018. All options outstanding at November 30, 2018 expire in December 2019.

 

In July 2018, our shareholders approved the Company’s 2019 Long-Term Incentive Plan (“2019 LTI Plan”). The 2019 LTI Plan establishes up to 600,000 shares of restricted stock which can be granted to certain members of management based on exceeding specified net revenues and pre-tax performance metrics during fiscal years 2019, 2020 and 2021. Restricted shares granted under the 2019 LTI Plan “cliff vest” after five years.

 

 

 

The restricted share awards granted under the 2019 LTI Plan contain both service and performance conditions. The Company recognizes share compensation expense only for the portion of the restricted share awards that are considered probable of vesting.  Shares are considered granted, and the service inception date begins, when a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions between the Company and the employee have been established.  The fair value of these awards is determined based on the closing price of the shares on the grant date. The probability of restricted share awards granted with future performance conditions is evaluated at each reporting period and compensation expense is adjusted based on the probability assessment.  

 

For certain awards that provide discretion to adjust the allocation of the restricted shares, the service-inception date for such awards could precede the grant date as a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions between the Company and the employee has not yet been established.  For awards in which the service-inception date precedes the grant date, compensation cost is accrued beginning on the service-inception date.  The Company estimates the award's fair value on each subsequent reporting date, until the grant date, based on the closing market price of the Company’s common stock.  On the grant date, the award's fair value is fixed, subject to the remaining performance conditions, and the cumulative amount of previously recognized compensation expense is adjusted to the fair value at the grant date.

 

On July 24, 2018, the Company granted approximately 240,000 restricted shares under the 2019 LTI Plan with a grant-date fair value of $9.57 per share.  In addition, the Company authorized approximately 80,000 restricted shares under the 2019 LTI Plan in which the service-inception date was established on July 24, 2018, resulting in the Company beginning the expense recognition of the fair value of these awards.  On October 25, 2018, the Company granted the 80,000 previously authorized restricted shares by communicating the key terms and conditions of the awards to the recipients with a grant-date fair value of $11.24 per share. The remaining compensation expense of the above awards, totaling approximately $2,950,000, will be recognized ratably from the service inception date to the vesting date for this tranche which is approximately 51 months.  The number of restricted shares to be distributed depends on attaining the performance metrics defined by the 2019 LTI Plan and may result in the distribution of a number of shares that is greater or less than the number of restricted shares granted, as outlined in the terms of the 2019 LTI Plan.

 

A summary of compensation expense recognized in connection with restricted share awards follows:

 

   

Three Months Ended

November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended

November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 
                                 

Share-based compensation expense

  $ 185,300     $ -     $ 255,300     $ -  

 

Note 6 – SHIPPING AND HANDLING COSTS

 

We classify shipping and handling costs as operating and selling expenses in the statements of earnings. Shipping and handling costs include postage, freight, handling costs, as well as, shipping materials and supplies. These costs were $5,897,500 and $5,328,900 for the three months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively. These costs were $13,556,400 and $12,200,100 for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, respectively.

 

Note 7 – BUSINESS SEGMENTS

 

We have two reportable segments: Usborne Books & More (“UBAM”) and Publishing. These reportable segments are business units that offer different methods of distribution to different types of customers. They are managed separately based on the fundamental differences in their operations. Our Publishing segment markets its products to retail accounts, which include book, school supply, toy and gift stores and museums, through commissioned sales representatives, trade and specialty wholesalers and our internal tele-sales group. Our UBAM segment markets its products through a network of independent sales consultants using a combination of internet sales, direct sales, home shows and book fairs.

 

The accounting policies of the segments are the same as those of the rest of the Company. We evaluate segment performance based on earnings before income taxes of the segments, which is defined as segment net revenues reduced by cost of sales and direct expenses. Corporate expenses, depreciation, interest expense and income taxes are not allocated to the segments but are listed in the “Other” row below. Corporate expenses include the executive department, accounting department, information services department, general office management, warehouse operations and building facilities management. Our assets and liabilities are not allocated on a segment basis.

 

 

Information by reporting segment for the three and nine-month periods ended November 30, 2018 and 2017, follows:

 

NET REVENUES  
             
   

Three Months Ended November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Publishing

  $ 3,161,300     $ 2,439,600     $ 8,073,000     $ 6,538,700  

UBAM

    37,321,300       36,470,300       87,112,900       83,499,300  

Total

  $ 40,482,600     $ 38,909,900     $ 95,185,900     $ 90,038,000  

 

EARNINGS (LOSS) BEFORE INCOME TAXES  
             
   

Three Months Ended November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Publishing

  $ 998,800     $ 556,800     $ 2,141,800     $ 1,514,200  

UBAM

    6,459,800       6,916,600       15,835,800       15,866,400  

Other

    (3,654,400 )     (4,040,600 )     (9,642,000 )     (10,282,900 )

Total

  $ 3,804,200     $ 3,432,800     $ 8,335,600     $ 7,097,700  

 

Note 8 – FAIR VALUE MEASUREMENTS

 

The valuation hierarchy included in U.S. GAAP considers the transparency of inputs used to value assets and liabilities as of the measurement date. A financial instrument’s classification within the valuation hierarchy is based on the lowest level of input that is significant to its fair value measurement. The three levels of the valuation hierarchy and the classification of our financial assets and liabilities within the hierarchy are as follows:

 

Level 1 - Quoted prices (unadjusted) in active markets for identical assets or liabilities that the reporting entity has the ability to access at the measurement date.

 

Level 2 - Observable inputs other than quoted prices included within Level 1 for the asset or liability, either directly or indirectly. If an asset or liability has a specified term, a Level 2 input must be observable for substantially the full term of the asset or liability.

 

Level 3 - Unobservable inputs for the asset or liability.

 

We do not report any assets or liabilities at fair value in the financial statements. However, the estimated fair value of our line of credit is estimated by management to approximate the carrying value of $0 at November 30 and February 28, 2018. The estimated fair value of our term notes payable is estimated by management to approximate $19,164,000 and $19,454,500 at November 30 and February 28, 2018, respectively. Management’s estimates are based on the obligations’ characteristics, including floating interest rate, maturity, and collateral. Such valuation inputs are considered a Level 2 measurement in the fair value valuation hierarchy.

 

Note 9 – DEFERRED REVENUES

 

As of the end of our third quarter, we had received approximately $1,057,300 in payments for sales orders which were, or will be, shipped out subsequent to the quarter end. As of November 30, 2018, these prepaid sales orders are included in deferred revenues on the condensed balance sheet.

 

 

Note 10 – REVENUE RECOGNITION

 

Revenue is derived from the sales of children’s books and related products which are generally capable of being distinct and accounted for as a single performance obligation to deliver tangible goods. Substantially all of our books are sold to end consumers and publishing retail outlets. Accordingly, revenues are recognized at shipping point, which is the point in time the customer obtains control of the products. Shipping and handling fees are recorded as operating and selling expenses when the product is shipped and revenue is recognized. The Company estimates product returns based on historical return rates. The majority of the Company's contracts have a single performance obligation and are short term in nature. Sales taxes, that are collected from customers and remitted to governmental authorities, are accounted for on a net basis and therefore are excluded from net sales.

 

Adoption of ASC Topic 606, “Revenue from Contracts with Customers”

 

On March 1, 2018, the Company adopted Topic 606, as prescribed by the FASB, using the full retrospective method. Results for all reporting periods are presented under Topic 606.

 

There was no change to net earnings or retained earnings due to the adoption of Topic 606, with the impact primarily related to the recording of our hostess award program in gross sales and discounts and allowances, as opposed to recording the net costs in operating and selling expenses.

 

Disaggregation of Revenue

 

Please refer to Note 7 – Business Segments for revenue by segment.

 

Arrangements with Multiple Performance Obligations

 

Certain contracts associated with the hostess awards program include sales incentives, such as discounted or free products. These incentives provide a separate performance obligation in the contract and material right to the customer. The transaction price is allocated to the material right based on its relative standalone selling price and is recognized in revenue as the performance obligations are satisfied, which occurs at shipping point or at the expiration of the material right. As our sales incentives are delivered with the associated products ordered, there is no deferral required. Revenue allocated to the material right are recognized in gross sales, discounts and allowances and cost of goods sold in our condensed statement of earnings.

 

Practical Expedients and Exemptions

 

The Company generally expenses sales commissions when incurred. These costs are recorded within operating expenses. The Company does not disclose the value of unsatisfied performance obligations for contracts with an original expected length of one year or less.

 

Impact on Financial Statements

 

As a result of applying Topic 606, the impact to the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheet as of February 28, 2018 was as follows:

 

                   

Without

 
   

As Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Adoption

 

ASSETS

                       

Accounts receivable-Net

  $ 2,913,700     $ (99,900 )   $ 2,813,800  

Inventories-Net

    26,618,600       (100 )     26,618,500  

Prepaid expenses and other assets

    1,259,000       (117,000 )     1,142,000  

Total current assets

    33,514,600       (217,000 )     33,297,600  
                         

TOTAL ASSETS

    61,837,900       (217,000 )     61,620,900  
                         

LIABILITIES

                       

Other current liabilities

    3,517,900       (217,000 )     3,300,900  

Total liabilities

    41,435,800       (217,000 )     41,218,800  

 

 

As a result of applying Topic 606, the impact to the Company’s condensed statement of earnings for the three months ended November 30, 2017 was as follows:

 

                   

Without

 
   

As Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Adoption

 

GROSS SALES:

  $ 44,383,700     $ (2,489,100 )   $ 41,894,600  

Less discounts and allowances

    (9,249,500 )     2,487,200       (6,762,300 )

Transportation revenue

    3,775,700       -       3,775,700  

NET REVENUES

    38,909,900       (1,900 )     38,908,000  

COST OF GOODS SOLD

    12,211,700       (1,716,900 )     10,494,800  

Gross margin

    26,698,200       1,715,000       28,413,200  
                         

OPERATING EXPENSE:

                       

Operating and selling

    6,121,100       1,716,200       7,837,300  

Sales commissions

    12,510,400       -       12,510,400  

General and administrative

    4,735,200       -       4,735,200  

Total operating expenses

    23,366,700       1,716,200       25,082,900  
                         

INTEREST EXPENSE

    287,600       -       287,600  

OTHER INCOME

    (388,900 )     (1,200 )     (390,100 )
                         

EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAXES

    3,432,800       -       3,432,800  
                         

INCOME TAXES

    1,304,400       -       1,304,400  

NET EARNINGS

  $ 2,128,400     $ -     $ 2,128,400  

 

As a result of applying Topic 606, the impact to the Company’s operating results by reporting segment for the three months ended November 30, 2017 was as follows:

 

UBAM

 

                   

Without

 
   

As Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Adoption

 

GROSS SALES:

  $ 39,250,800     $ (2,489,100 )   $ 36,761,700  

Less discounts and allowances

    (6,546,200 )     2,487,200       (4,059,000 )

Transportation revenue

    3,765,700       -       3,765,700  

NET REVENUES

    36,470,300       (1,900 )     36,468,400  

COST OF GOODS SOLD

    10,831,100       (1,716,900 )     9,114,200  

Gross margin

    25,639,200       1,715,000       27,354,200  
                         

OPERATING EXPENSE:

                       

Operating and selling

    5,144,000       1,716,200       6,860,200  

Sales commissions

    12,420,000       -       12,420,000  

General and administrative

    1,158,600       -       1,158,600  

Total operating expenses

    18,722,600       1,716,200       20,438,800  

OPERATING INCOME

  $ 6,916,600     $ (1,200 )   $ 6,915,400  

 

 

 

Publishing

 

                   

Without

 
   

As Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Adoption

 

GROSS SALES:

  $ 5,132,900     $ -     $ 5,132,900  

Less discounts and allowances

    (2,703,300 )     -       (2,703,300 )

Transportation revenue

    10,000       -       10,000  

NET REVENUES

    2,439,600       -       2,439,600  

COST OF GOODS SOLD

    1,380,600       -       1,380,600  

Gross margin

    1,059,000       -       1,059,000  
                         

OPERATING EXPENSE:

                       

Operating and selling

    337,800       -       337,800  

Sales commissions

    90,400       -       90,400  

General and administrative

    74,000       -       74,000  

Total operating expenses

    502,200       -       502,200  

OPERATING INCOME

  $ 556,800     $ -     $ 556,800  

 

As a result of applying Topic 606, the impact to the Company’s condensed statement of earnings for the nine months ended November 30, 2017 was as follows:

 

                   

Without

 
   

As Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Adoption

 

GROSS SALES:

  $ 109,395,400     $ (8,405,900 )   $ 100,989,500  

Less discounts and allowances

    (28,317,300 )     8,388,000       (19,929,300 )

Transportation revenue

    8,959,900       -       8,959,900  

NET REVENUES

    90,038,000       (17,900 )     90,020,100  

COST OF GOODS SOLD

    28,460,800       (3,881,600 )     24,579,200  

Gross margin

    61,577,200       3,863,700       65,440,900  
                         

OPERATING EXPENSE:

                       

Operating and selling

    13,684,200       3,865,700       17,549,900  

Sales commissions

    28,759,300       -       28,759,300  

General and administrative

    12,359,600       -       12,359,600  

Total operating expenses

    54,803,100       3,865,700       58,668,800  
                         

INTEREST EXPENSE

    863,800       -       863,800  

OTHER INCOME

    (1,187,400 )     (2,000 )     (1,189,400 )
                         

EARNINGS BEFORE INCOME TAXES

    7,097,700       -       7,097,700  
                         

INCOME TAXES

    2,707,100       -       2,707,100  

NET EARNINGS

  $ 4,390,600     $ -     $ 4,390,600  

 

 

As a result of applying Topic 606, the impact to the Company’s operating results by reporting segment for the nine months ended November 30, 2017 was as follows:

 

UBAM

 

                   

Without

 
   

As Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Adoption

 

GROSS SALES:

  $ 95,549,800     $ (8,406,600 )   $ 87,143,200  

Less discounts and allowances

    (20,984,000 )     8,388,700       (12,595,300 )

Transportation revenue

    8,933,500       -       8,933,500  

NET REVENUES

    83,499,300       (17,900 )     83,481,400  

COST OF GOODS SOLD

    24,821,100       (3,881,600 )     20,939,500  

Gross margin

    58,678,200       3,863,700       62,541,900  
                         

OPERATING EXPENSE:

                       

Operating and selling

    10,887,200       3,864,900       14,752,100  

Sales commissions

    28,507,800       -       28,507,800  

General and administrative

    3,416,800       -       3,416,800  

Total operating expenses

    42,811,800       3,864,900       46,676,700  

OPERATING INCOME

  $ 15,866,400     $ (1,200 )   $ 15,865,200  

 

Publishing

 

                   

Without

 
   

As Reported

   

Adjustments

   

Adoption

 

GROSS SALES:

  $ 13,845,600     $ 700     $ 13,846,300  

Less discounts and allowances

    (7,333,300 )     (700 )     (7,334,000 )

Transportation revenue

    26,400       -       26,400  

NET REVENUES

    6,538,700       -       6,538,700  

COST OF GOODS SOLD

    3,639,700       -       3,639,700  

Gross margin

    2,899,000       -       2,899,000  
                         

OPERATING EXPENSE:

                       

Operating and selling

    876,800       -       876,800  

Sales commissions

    249,500       -       249,500  

General and administrative

    258,500       -       258,500  

Total operating expenses

    1,384,800       -       1,384,800  

OPERATING INCOME

  $ 1,514,200     $ -     $ 1,514,200  

 

Note 11 – SUBSEQUENT EVENTS

 

On January 10, 2019, our board of directors declared a distribution of $0.05 per share of common stock. This cash distribution will be paid on or about March 12, 2019 to shareholders of record on February 21, 2019.

 

 

 

Item 2.          MANAGEMENT'S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Factors Affecting Forward-Looking Statements

 

The following discussion contains forward-looking statements that reflect our future plans, estimates, beliefs and expected performance. The forward-looking statements are dependent upon events, risks and uncertainties that may be outside our control. Our actual results could differ materially from those discussed in these forward-looking statements. Factors that could cause or contribute to such differences include, but are not limited to, our success in recruiting and retaining new consultants, our ability to locate and procure desired books, our ability to ship the volume of orders that are received without creating shipment delays, our ability to obtain adequate financing for working capital and capital expenditures, economic and competitive conditions, regulatory changes and other uncertainties, as well as those factors discussed below and elsewhere in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended February 28, 2018 and this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, all of which are difficult to predict. In light of these risks, uncertainties and assumptions, the forward-looking events discussed may or may not occur. See “Cautionary Remarks Regarding Forward-Looking Statements” in the front of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q.

 

Overview

 

We are the exclusive United States trade co-publisher of Usborne children’s books and the owner of Kane Miller. We operate two separate segments: UBAM and Publishing, to sell our Usborne and Kane Miller children’s books. These two segments each have their own customer base. The Publishing segment markets its products on a wholesale basis to various retail accounts. The UBAM segment markets its products through a network of independent sales consultants using a combination of home shows, internet party events and book fairs. All other supporting administrative activities are recognized as other expenses outside of our two segments. Other expenses are primarily compensation of our office, warehouse and sales support staff as well as the cost of operating and maintaining our corporate office and distribution facility.

 

The following table shows our condensed statements of earnings data:

 

   

Three Months Ended

November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended

November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Net revenues

  $ 40,482,600     $ 38,909,900     $ 95,185,900     $ 90,038,000  

Cost of goods sold

    13,141,600       12,211,700       31,274,000       28,460,800  

Gross margin

    27,341,000       26,698,200       63,911,900       61,577,200  
                                 

Operating expenses

                               

Operating and selling

    6,540,600       6,121,100       14,554,400       13,684,200  

Sales commissions

    12,689,200       12,510,400       29,375,300       28,759,300  

General and administrative

    4,476,000       4,735,200       12,106,900       12,359,600  

Total operating expenses

    23,705,800       23,366,700       56,036,600       54,803,100  
                                 

Other (income) expense

                               

Interest expense

    228,600       287,600       712,000       863,800  

Other income

    (397,600 )     (388,900 )     (1,172,300 )     (1,187,400 )

Earnings before income taxes

    3,804,200       3,432,800       8,335,600       7,097,700  
                                 

Income taxes

    988,600       1,304,400       2,212,700       2,707,100  

Net earnings

  $ 2,815,600     $ 2,128,400     $ 6,122,900     $ 4,390,600  

 

See the detailed discussion of revenues, costs of services, gross margin, general and administrative expenses by reportable segment below. The following is a discussion of significant changes in the non-segment related general and administrative expenses, other income and expenses and income taxes during the respective periods.

 

 

Non-Segment Operating Results for the Three Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

Total operating expenses not associated with a reporting segment decreased $0.3 million, or 7.3%, to $3.8 million for the three-month period ending November 30, 2018, compared to $4.1 million for the same quarterly period a year ago. Our operating expenses decreased primarily from reduced payroll in our warehouse of approximately $0.2 million due to efficiencies from automation introduced during the last year. During the third quarter of fiscal year 2018, the Company hired a second shift consisting primarily of seasonal employees to keep pace with the increased order volume. During the third quarter of fiscal year 2019, due to the additional technology and operational improvements, the Company was able to keep pace with the seasonal increase in order volumes with only one shift. The reduced compensation from not employing a second shift was partially offset by additional overtime hours of our first shift personnel.

 

Interest expense decreased $0.1 million, from $0.3 million to $0.2 million, for the three months ended November 30, 2018 compared to the same quarterly period a year ago. Interest expense decreased $0.1 million due to reduced borrowings on the line of credit during the period.

 

Income taxes decreased $0.3 million to $1.0 million for the three months ended November 30, 2018, from $1.3 million for the same quarterly period a year ago. Our effective tax rate was 26.0% for the quarter ended November 30, 2018, and 38.0% for the quarter ended November 30, 2017. The decrease in the tax rate resulted from our reduced federal tax rate with the passage of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017 (“Tax Act”). Our tax rates are higher than the federal statutory rate of 21% due to the inclusion of state income and franchise taxes.

 

Non-Segment Operating Results for the Nine Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

Total operating expenses not associated with a reporting segment decreased $0.5 million, or 4.7%, to $10.1 million for the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, compared to $10.6 million for the same period a year ago. The expense savings were primarily due to the reduction of payroll in our warehouse of $0.4 million, as a result of increased automation and $0.3 million in reduced property taxes due to a state exemption received on our new facility. These savings were offset primarily by an increase in share-based compensation expense of $0.3 million associated with the Company’s 2019 LTI Plan.

 

Interest expense decreased $0.2 million to $0.7 million for the nine months ended November 30, 2018, from $0.9 million for the same period a year ago. Interest expense decreased primarily as a result of reduced borrowings against the line of credit in the first nine months of fiscal 2019 as compared to the same period a year ago.

 

Income taxes decreased $0.5 million to $2.2 million for the nine months ended November 30, 2018, from $2.7 million for the same period a year ago. Our effective tax rate was 26.5% for the nine months ended November 30, 2018, and 38.1% for the nine months ended November 30, 2017. The decrease in the tax rate resulted from our reduced federal tax rate with the passage of the Tax Act. Our tax rates are higher than the federal statutory rate of 21% due to the inclusion of state income and franchise taxes.

 

UBAM Operating Results for the Three and Nine Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

The following table summarizes the operating results of the UBAM segment:

 

   

Three Months Ended

November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended

November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Gross sales

  $ 46,881,300     $ 39,250,800     $ 108,524,300     $ 95,549,800  

Less discounts and allowances

    (13,120,200 )     (6,546,200 )     (29,915,300 )     (20,984,000 )

Transportation revenue

    3,560,200       3,765,700       8,503,900       8,933,500  

Net revenues

    37,321,300       36,470,300       87,112,900       83,499,300  
                                 

Cost of goods sold

    11,489,700       10,831,100       26,945,600       24,821,100  

Gross margin

    25,831,600       25,639,200       60,167,300       58,678,200  
                                 

Operating expenses

                               

Operating and selling

    5,551,000       5,144,000       12,017,300       10,887,200  

Sales commissions

    12,588,200       12,420,000       29,095,600       28,507,800  

General and administrative

    1,232,600       1,158,600       3,218,600       3,416,800  

Total operating expenses

    19,371,800       18,722,600       44,331,500       42,811,800  
                                 

Operating income

  $ 6,459,800     $ 6,916,600     $ 15,835,800     $ 15,866,400  
                                 

Average number of active consultants

    30,200       31,100       32,700       29,500  

 

 

 

UBAM Operating Results for the Three Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

UBAM third quarter net revenues increased $0.8 million, or 2.2%, from $36.5 million reported in the third quarter of fiscal 2018, to $37.3 million reported in the third quarter of fiscal 2019. UBAM net revenues increased as a direct result of increased sales from our active consultants during the quarter. The total number of active consultants decreased 900, or 2.9%, from averaging 31,100 in the third quarter of fiscal 2018 to averaging 30,200 in the third quarter of this year. Our active consultant count declined slightly due to increased recruiting competition from other non-traditional employment options outside of the direct selling industry. These new market entrants have been a leading contributor to the decline in total sales of the direct selling industry for the last two reported years.

 

Gross margin increased $0.2 million, or 0.8%, during the three-month period ending November 30, 2018, when compared to the same quarter a year ago, due primarily to an increase in net revenues. Gross margin, as a percentage of net revenues, decreased to 69.2% for the three-month period ending November 30, 2018 when compared to 70.3% the same period a year ago. The decrease in gross margin as a percentage of net revenues was due to the change in mix of order types received during the quarter.

 

UBAM operating expenses consists of operating and selling expenses, sales commissions and general and administrative expenses. Operating and selling expenses primarily consists of freight expenses and materials and supplies. Sales commissions include amounts paid to consultants for new sales and promotions. These operating expenses are directly tied to the sales volumes of the UBAM segment. General and administrative expenses include payroll, outside services, inventory reserves and other expenses directly associated with the UBAM segment. Total operating expenses increased $0.7 million, or 3.7%, to $19.4 million during the three-month period ending November 30, 2018, when compared to $18.7 million reported in the same quarter a year ago. The increase in operating expenses was primarily due to an increase in freight costs and sales commissions associated with the increase in net revenues. General and administrative expenses remained consistent at $1.2 million reported during the three months ended November 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

Operating income of the UBAM segment decreased $0.4 million, or 5.8%, to $6.5 million during the three-month period ending November 30, 2018 as compared to $6.9 million from the same period a year ago. The decrease in operating income was primarily due to a decrease in gross margin percentage related to a change in mix of order types.

 

UBAM Operating Results for the Nine Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

UBAM net revenues for the nine months ended November 30, 2018 increased $3.6 million, or 4.3% from $83.5 million to $87.1 million.  UBAM net revenues increased as a result of the increase in the number of our active sales consultants and an increase in their sales activities. The total number of active consultants increased 3,200, or 10.8%, from an average of 29,500 in the first nine months of fiscal 2018 to an average of 32,700 reported for the first nine months of this year.

 

Gross margin increased $1.5 million, or 2.6% to $60.2 million during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, when compared to $58.7 million during the same period a year ago, due primarily to an increase in sales. Gross margin, as a percentage of net revenues, decreased to 69.1% for the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018 when compared to 70.3% the same period a year ago. The decrease in gross margin as a percentage of net revenues was due to a change in the mix of order types between the periods.

 

UBAM operating expenses consists of operating and selling expenses, sales commissions and general and administrative expenses. Total operating expenses increased $1.5 million, or 3.5%, to $44.3 million during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, when compared to $42.8 million reported the same period a year ago. The increase in operating expenses was due to an increase in operating and selling expenses of $1.1 million primarily related to an increase in postage and freight related to higher sales. Sales commissions increased $0.6, or 2.1%, to $29.1 million reported during the nine months ended November 30, 2018, from $28.5 million reported in the same period last year. Sales commissions increased primarily due to an increase to net revenues. Offsetting these increases was a decrease in general and administrative expenses of $0.2 million, or 5.9%, to $3.2 million reported during the nine months ended November 30, 2018, from $3.4 million reported in the same period last year. General and operating expenses decreased primarily as a result of a $0.1 million reduction in merchant services fees associated with our online payment processing.

 

Operating income of the UBAM segment remained consistent, totaling $15.8 million during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, when compared with $15.9 million from the same period a year ago.

 

 

Publishing Operating Results for the Three and Nine Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

The following table summarizes the operating results of the Publishing segment:

 

   

Three Months Ended November 30,

   

Nine Months Ended November 30,

 
   

2018

   

2017

   

2018

   

2017

 

Gross sales

  $ 6,604,700     $ 5,132,900     $ 17,050,100     $ 13,845,600  

Less discounts and allowances

    (3,452,400

)

    (2,703,300

)

    (9,003,400

)

    (7,333,300

)

Transportation revenue

    9,000       10,000       26,300       26,400  

Net revenues

    3,161,300       2,439,600       8,073,000       6,538,700  
                                 

Cost of goods sold

    1,651,900       1,380,600       4,328,400       3,639,700  

Gross margin

    1,509,400       1,059,000       3,744,600       2,899,000  
                                 

Total operating expenses

    510,600       502,200       1,602,800       1,384,800  
                                 

Operating income

  $ 998,800     $ 556,800     $ 2,141,800     $ 1,514,200  

 

Publishing Operating Results for the Three Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

Our Publishing division’s net revenues increased $0.8 million, or 33.3%, to $3.2 million during the three-month period ending November 30, 2018, from $2.4 million reported in the same period a year ago. This increase is primarily related to an increase in orders from our largest customers which had lower sales volumes in the same period last year.

 

Gross margin increased $0.4 million, or 36.4%, to $1.5 million during the three-month period ending November 30, 2018, from $1.1 million reported in the same quarter a year ago. This increase in gross margin resulted primarily from the growth in net revenues. Gross margin, as a percentage of net revenues, increased to 47.7% during the three-month period ending November 30, 2018, from 43.4% reported in the same quarter a year ago, due to a change in customer mix between the two periods. Certain sales agreements with specific customers have higher gross margins as they require additional operational support.

 

Total operating expenses of the Publishing segment remained consistent at $0.5 million during the three-month periods ending November 30, 2018 and 2017.

 

Operating income of the Publishing segment increased $0.4 million, or 66.7%, to $1.0 million during the three-month period ending November 30, 2018 when compared to $0.6 million reported in the same period a year ago. The increase in operating income was primarily due to increased net revenues.

 

Publishing Operating Results for the Nine Months Ended November 30, 2018

 

Our Publishing division’s net revenues increased $1.6 million, or 24.6%, to $8.1 million during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, from $6.5 million reported in the same period a year ago. This increase is primarily related to an increase in orders from our largest customers which had lower sales volumes last year.

 

Gross margin increased $0.8 million, or 27.6%, to $3.7 million during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, from $2.9 million reported in the same period a year ago. This increase is primarily related to the growth in net revenues. Gross margin, as a percentage of net revenues, increased to 46.4% during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, from 44.3% reported in the same period a year ago, due to a change in customer mix between the periods.

 

Total operating expenses increased $0.2 million, or 14.3%, to $1.6 million during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, from $1.4 million reported in the same period a year ago. This increase is primarily related to an increase in freight costs and sales commissions associated with the growth in net revenues.

 

Total operating income increased $0.6 million, or 40.0%, to $2.1 million during the nine-month period ending November 30, 2018, from $1.5 million reported in the same period a year ago. The increase in operating income was primarily due to increased net revenues.

 

 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

EDC has a history of profitability and positive cash flow. We typically fund our operations from the cash we generate. We also use available cash primarily to pay down outstanding bank loan balances, for capital expenditures, to pay dividends, and to acquire treasury stock. We have utilized a bank credit facility and other term loan borrowings to meet our short-term cash needs, as well as fund capital expenditures, when necessary. Our revolving bank credit facility loan had no borrowing balance with $10,600,400 in available capacity at November 30, 2018.

 

During the first nine months of fiscal 2019, we experienced cash inflow from our operations of $7,802,700. Cash flows resulted from the following items:

 

net earnings of $6,122,900,

depreciation expense of $1,085,100,

share-based compensation expense of $255,300,

an increase in deferred income tax liability, net of $673,100,

an increase in provision for inventory valuation allowance of $246,200,

an increase in the provision for doubtful accounts of $68,500,

an increase in accounts payable of $3,327,000,

an increase in accrued salaries and commissions, and other liabilities of $2,384,300, and

an increase in deferred revenue of $364,300, 

 

Offset by:

 

an increase in accounts receivable of $705,000,

an increase in inventories, net of $4,441,700,

an increase in prepaid expenses and other assets of $324,400, and

a decrease in income tax payable of $1,252,900,

 

Cash used in investing activities was $1,360,500 for capital expenditures, which was primarily comprised of improvements to our warehouse picking and inventory management systems and various other improvements to the warehouse and facility.

 

Cash used in financing activities was $1,325,000, which was primarily comprised of payments on long-term debt of $702,100 and dividends paid of $818,100, partially offset by $195,200 net cash received from treasury stock transactions.

 

During fiscal year 2019, we continue to expect our cash from operations, along with our line of credit with our Bank, will provide us the ability to meet our liquidity requirements. Cash generated from operations will be used to increase inventory in anticipation of continued sales growth, to liquidate existing debt, and any excess cash is expected to be distributed to our shareholders.

 

We have a Loan Agreement with the Bank including Term Loan #1 comprised of Tranche A of $13.4 million and Tranche B of $5.0 million both with the maturity date of December 1, 2025.   Tranche A has a fixed interest rate of 4.23% and interest is payable monthly.   The Loan Agreement also includes Term Loan #2 in the amount of $4.0 million, which is secured by a warehouse and land with the maturity date of June 28, 2021, and a $15.0 million revolving loan (“line of credit”) through August 15, 2019.

 

Effective March 10, 2016, we signed a First Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which provided an increase to $6.0 million from our original $4.0 million line of credit through June 15, 2016. Effective June 15, 2016, we signed a Second Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which provided a further increase to $7.0 million from our previous $6.0 million line of credit and extended it through June 15, 2017. Effective June 28, 2016, we signed a Third Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which included Term Loan #2 in the amount of $4.0 million.   Effective February 7, 2017, we signed a Fourth Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which modified certain debt covenant calculations and waived an existing default that occurred in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2017.

 

 

Effective, June 15, 2017, the Company executed the Fifth Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which modified the Loan Agreement to increase the maximum revolving principal amount from $7.0 million to $10.0 million and extended the termination date of the Loan Agreement to June 15, 2018. The Fifth Amendment also modified the Loan Agreement to include an Advancing Term Loan of $3.0 million which the Company used to cover the cost of the fiscal 2018 capital improvements to increase our daily shipping capacity. The Advancing Term loan accrued interest between June 15, 2017 and December 1, 2017, at which time the balance was converted to a term loan and set to amortize over a thirty-six-month period. The Advancing Term Loan was repaid early, without penalty, in February 2018.

 

Effective September 1, 2017, we signed a Sixth Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which further increased the maximum revolving principal amount from $10.0 million to $15.0 million, subject to certain collateral restrictions.

 

Effective February 15, 2018, we signed a Seventh Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which modified the limitation on dividends as well as modified and removed other financial covenant calculations.

 

Effective June 15, 2018, we signed an Eighth Amendment Loan Agreement with the Bank which extended the termination date until August 15, 2019, reduced the interest rate pricing grid for all floating rate borrowings, established a new $3.0 million advancing term loan to be used for capital expansions to increase daily shipping capacity, released the personal Guaranty of Randall W. White and Carol White, along with other covenant restrictions being lessened. The amendment also included an adjustment to the Adjusted Funded Debt to EBITDA Ratio for covenant compliance.

 

We had no borrowings on our revolving credit agreement at November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018. Available credit under the revolving credit agreement was $10,600,400 at November 30, 2018.

 

Tranche B of Term Loan #1, Term Loan #2 and the line of credit accrue interest monthly, at the bank adjusted LIBOR Index plus a tiered pricing rate based on the Company’s Adjusted Funded Debt to EBITDA Ratio (4.84% at November 30, 2018).

 

The Loan Agreement also contains a provision for our use of the Bank’s letters of credit. The Bank agrees to issue or obtain issuance of commercial or stand-by letters of credit provided that the sum of the line of credit plus the letters of credit issued would not exceed the borrowing base in effect at the time. As of November 30, 2018, we had no outstanding letters of credit. The agreement contains provisions that require us to maintain specified financial ratios, restrict transactions with related parties, prohibit mergers or consolidation, disallow additional debt, and limit the amounts of dividends declared, compensation, salaries, investments, capital expenditures, and leasing transactions.

 

The following table reflects aggregate future maturities of long-term debt during the next five fiscal years and thereafter as follows:

 

Year ending February 28 (29),

       

2019

  $ 222,500  

2020

    943,700  

2021

    985,400  

2022

    1,033,900  

2023

    1,082,300  

Thereafter

    15,736,300  
Total   $ 20,004,100  

 

Critical Accounting Policies

 

Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations are based upon our financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses, and related disclosures of contingent assets and liabilities. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates, including those related to our valuation of inventory, allowance for uncollectible accounts receivable, allowance for sales returns, long-lived assets and deferred income taxes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that are believed to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources.

 

Actual results may materially differ from these estimates under different assumptions or conditions. Historically, however, actual results have not differed materially from those determined using required estimates. Our significant accounting policies are described in the notes accompanying the financial statements included elsewhere in this report. However, we consider the following accounting policies to be more significantly dependent on the use of estimates and assumptions.

 

 

Revenue Recognition

 

Sales are generally recognized and recorded when products are shipped. Products are shipped FOB shipping point. The UBAM segment’s sales are typically paid at the time the product is ordered. UBAM sales accounted for 91.5% of net revenues for the nine-month period ended November 30, 2018, and 92.7% for the nine-month period ended November 30, 2017. Sales that have been paid for but not shipped are classified as deferred revenue on the balance sheet. Sales associated with consignment inventory are recognized when reported and payment associated with the sale has been remitted. Transportation revenue represents the amount billed to the customer for shipping the product and is recognized when the product is shipped.

 

Estimated allowances for sales returns, which reduce net sales and costs of goods sold, are recorded as sales are recognized. Management uses a moving average calculation to estimate the allowance for sales returns. We are not responsible for product damaged in transit. Damaged returns are primarily from retail stores. These returns primarily result from damage that occurs in the stores, not in shipping to the stores. It is industry practice to accept non-damaged returns from retail customers. Management has estimated sales returns of approximately $217,000 as of November 30, and February 28, 2018, which is included in other current liabilities on the Company’s balance sheet. In addition, Management has recorded an asset for the expected value of non-damaged inventories to be returned. The estimated value of returned products of $117,000 is included in other current assets on the Company’s balance sheet as of November 30 and February 28, 2018.

 

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

 

We maintain an allowance for estimated losses resulting from the inability of our customers to make required payments. An estimate of uncollectable amounts is made by management based upon historical bad debts, current customer receivable balances, age of customer receivable balances, the customer's financial condition and current economic trends. Management has estimated and included an allowance for doubtful accounts of $303,500 at November 30, 2018, and $297,100 at February 28, 2018.

 

Inventory

 

Our inventory contains over 2,000 titles, each with different rates of sale, depending upon the nature and popularity of the title. Almost all of our product line is saleable as the books are not topical in nature and remain current in content today as well as in the future. Most of our products are printed in Europe, China, Singapore, India, Malaysia and Dubai resulting in a three to six-month lead-time to have a title printed and delivered to us.

 

Certain inventory is maintained in a noncurrent classification. Management continually estimates and calculates the amount of noncurrent inventory. Noncurrent inventory arises due to occasional purchases of titles in quantities in excess of what will be sold within the normal operating cycle, due to minimum order requirements of our suppliers. Noncurrent inventory was estimated by management using the current year turnover ratio by title. All inventory in excess of 2 ½ years of anticipated sales is classified as noncurrent inventory. Noncurrent inventory balances prior to valuation allowances were $1,021,400 and $707,700 at November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018, respectively.

 

Consultants that meet certain eligibility requirements are allowed to receive inventory on consignment. We believe allowing our consultants to have consignment inventory greatly increases their ability to be successful in making effective presentations at home shows, book fairs and other events; and having consignment inventory leads to additional sales opportunities. Approximately 11% of our active consultants maintained consignment inventory at November 30 and February 28, 2018. Consignment inventory is stated at cost, less an estimated reserve for consignment inventory that is not expected to be sold or returned to the Company. The total cost of inventory on consignment with active consultants was $1,828,100 and $1,270,700 at November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018, respectively. Inventory related to inactive consultants amounted to $160,700 and $278,500 as of November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018, respectively.

 

Inventories are presented net of a valuation allowance, which includes reserves for inventory obsolescence and active and inactive consultant consignment inventory that is not expected to be sold or returned. Management estimates the allowance for both current and noncurrent inventory. Management has estimated a valuation allowance for both current and noncurrent inventory as well as consignment inventory held by active and inactive consultants of $676,500 and $731,800 as of November 30, 2018 and February 28, 2018, respectively.

 

Our principal supplier, Usborne, generally requires a minimum reorder of 6,500 books or more of a title in order to get a solo print run. Smaller orders require a shared print run with the supplier’s other customers, which can result in lengthy delays to receive the ordered title. Anticipating customer preferences and purchasing habits requires historical analysis of similar titles in the same series. We place our initial order or re-orders based upon this analysis.

 

These factors and historical analysis have led our management to determine that 2 ½ years represents a reasonable estimate of the normal operating cycle for our products.

 

 

Stock-Based Compensation

 

We account for stock-based compensation whereby share-based payment transactions with employees, such as stock options and restricted stock, are measured at estimated fair value at the date of grant.  For awards subject to service conditions compensation expense is recognized over the vesting period on a straight-line basis.  Awards subject to performance conditions are attributed separately for each vesting tranche of the award and are recognized ratably from the service inception date to the vesting date for each tranche.  Forfeitures are recognized when they occur.

 

The restricted share awards granted under the 2019 LTI Plan contain both service and performance conditions. The Company recognizes share compensation expense only for the portion of the restricted share awards that are considered probable of vesting.  Shares are considered granted, and the service inception date begins, when a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions between the Company and the employees have been established.  The fair value of these awards is determined based on the closing price of the shares on the grant date. The probability of restricted share awards granted with future performance conditions is evaluated at each reporting period and compensation expense is adjusted based on the probability assessment.    

 

For certain awards that provide discretion to adjust the allocation of the restricted shares, the service-inception date for such awards could precede the grant date as a mutual understanding of the key terms and conditions between the Company and the employees has not yet been established.  For awards in which the service-inception date precedes the grant date, compensation cost is accrued beginning on the service-inception date.  The Company estimates the award's fair value on each subsequent reporting date, until the grant date, based on the closing market price of the Company’s common stock.  On the grant date, the award's fair value is fixed, subject to the remaining performance conditions, and the cumulative amount of previously recognized compensation expense is adjusted to the fair value at the grant date.

 

 

 

 

Item 3.          QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4.          CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

An evaluation was performed of the effectiveness of the design and operation of our disclosure controls and procedures pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) as of November 30, 2018. This evaluation was conducted under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer (Principal Executive Officer) and our Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer).

 

Based on that evaluation, these officers concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective pursuant to Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(e).

 

In addition, no change in our internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Rule 13a-15(f) under the Exchange Act) occurred during the quarter ended November 30, 2018 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

 

 

 

PART II. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Item 1.          LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 1A.          RISK FACTORS

 

Not required by smaller reporting company.

 

Item 2.          UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Period

 

Total # of Shares

Purchased

   

Average Price

Paid per Share

   

Total # of Shares

Purchased as

Part of Publicly Announced Plan (1)

   

Maximum # of Shares that May

be Repurchased under the Plan (2)

 
                                 

September 1 - 30, 2018

    0       N/A       0       590,362  

October 1 - 31, 2018

    0       N/A       0       590,362  

November 1 - 30, 2018

    233       9.64       0       590,129  

Total

    233       9.64       0          

 

(1)

 

In April 2008, the Board of Directors authorized us to purchase up to 1,000,000 additional shares of our common stock under a plan initiated in 1998. This plan has no expiration date.

(2)

 

On August 22, 2018 the Company issued a two-for-one stock split in the form of a stock dividend. The maximum number of shares that may be repurchased under the plan have been updated to reflect the stock split.

 

Item 3.          DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

Not applicable.

 

Item 4.          MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

None.

 

Item 5.          OTHER INFORMATION

 

None.

 

Item 6.          EXHIBITS

 

31.1

 

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer of Educational Development Corporation pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 furnished herewith.

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) of Educational Development Corporation pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 furnished herewith.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

SIGNATURES

 

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION

(Registrant)

 

Date: January 14, 2019                                           By     /s/ Randall W. White                                                 

Chairman of the Board, President

and Chief Executive Officer

(Principal Executive Officer)

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit No.

 

Description

 

 

 

31.1

 

Certification of the Chief Executive Officer of Educational Development Corporation pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 furnished herewith.

 

 

 

31.2

 

Certification of Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer) of Educational Development Corporation pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 furnished herewith.

 

 

 

32.1

 

Certification pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.

 

 

 

 

 

28

 

 

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