Exhibit 99.1

cvilogoa04.jpg

CVR Energy Reports Third Quarter 2018 Results
And Announces Cash Dividend of 75 Cents


SUGAR LAND, Texas (Oct 24, 2018) - CVR Energy, Inc. (NYSE: CVI) today announced net income of $90 million, or 94 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $1,935 million for the third quarter of 2018, compared to net income of $22 million, or 26 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $1,454 million for the 2017 third quarter. Third quarter 2018 adjusted EBITDA was $172 million, compared to third quarter 2017 adjusted EBITDA of $91 million.

For the first nine months of 2018, net income was $207 million, or $2.31 per diluted share, on net sales of $5,386 million, compared to net income of $34 million, or 39 cents per diluted share, on net sales of $4,395 million for the same period a year earlier. Adjusted EBITDA for the first nine months of 2018 was $361 million, compared to adjusted EBITDA of $209 million for the first nine months of 2017.

“CVR Refining reported solid results for the 2018 third quarter, attributable to stronger crack spreads, reduced Renewable Identification Number (RIN) costs and increased internal RIN generation, wide crude oil differentials and reliable operations,” said Dave Lamp, CVR Energy’s Chief Executive Officer. “Looking forward, CVR Refining will remain focused on safe and reliable operations while taking advantage of favorable product margins and crude oil spreads.”

“CVR Partners posted strong operating performance and improved fertilizer netbacks at both its Coffeyville, Kansas, and East Dubuque, Illinois, fertilizer facilities during the 2018 third quarter,” Lamp said. “Market conditions have continued to improve since summer and global demand for nitrogen fertilizer is strong. In addition, product pricing for the late fall of 2018 has increased by approximately 25 percent from the summer fill season and we’re seeing continued pricing strength into the first quarter of 2019.”

Petroleum Business

The petroleum business, which is operated by CVR Refining and includes the Coffeyville and Wynnewood refineries, reported third quarter 2018 operating income of $176 million on net sales of $1,857 million, compared to operating income of $99 million on net sales of $1,386 million in the third quarter of 2017.

Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact per combined total throughput, a non-GAAP financial measure, was $15.41 in the 2018 third quarter, compared to $13.05 during the same period in 2017. Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization), excluding major scheduled turnaround expenses, per combined total throughput, for the 2018 third quarter were $4.17, compared to $5.02 in the third quarter of 2017.

Third quarter 2018 combined total throughput was approximately 219,000 barrels per day (bpd), compared to approximately 214,000 bpd of combined total throughput for the third quarter of 2017.


1



Nitrogen Fertilizers Business

The fertilizer business, which is operated by CVR Partners and includes the Coffeyville and East Dubuque fertilizer facilities, reported operating income of $3 million on net sales of $80 million for the third quarter of 2018, compared to an operating loss of $16 million on net sales of $69 million for the third quarter of 2017.

CVR Partners’ fertilizer facilities produced a combined 212,000 tons of ammonia during the third quarter of 2018, of which 63,000 net tons were available for sale while the rest was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 338,000 tons of UAN. In the 2017 third quarter, the fertilizer facilities produced 181,000 tons of ammonia, of which 46,000 net tons were available for sale while the remainder was upgraded to other fertilizer products, including 307,000 tons of UAN.

Cash, Debt and Dividend

Consolidated cash and cash equivalents was $702 million at Sep 30, 2018. Consolidated total debt was $1,168 million at Sep 30, 2018. The company had no debt exclusive of CVR Refining’s and CVR Partners’ debt.

CVR Energy also announced a third quarter 2018 cash dividend of 75 cents per share. The dividend, as declared by CVR Energy’s Board of Directors, will be paid on Nov. 12, 2018, to stockholders of record on Nov. 5, 2018. CVR Energy’s third quarter cash dividend brings the cumulative cash dividends paid or declared for the first nine months of 2018 to $2.00 per share.

Today, CVR Refining announced a 2018 third quarter cash distribution of 90 cents per common unit. CVR Partners announced that it will not pay a cash distribution for the 2018 third quarter.

Third Quarter 2018 Earnings Conference Call

CVR Energy previously announced that it will host its third quarter 2018 Earnings Conference Call on Thursday, Oct. 25, at 3 p.m. Eastern. The Earnings Conference Call may also include discussion of company developments, forward-looking information and other material information about business and financial matters.

The third quarter 2018 Earnings Conference Call will be webcast live and can be accessed on the Investor Relations section of CVR Energy’s website at www.CVREnergy.com. For investors or analysts who want to participate during the call, the dial-in number is (877) 407-8291. The webcast will be archived and available through Nov. 8 at https://edge.media-server.com/m6/p/m5j97b6c. A repeat of the call can be accessed through Nov. 8 by dialing (877) 660-6853, conference ID 13683849.

Forward-Looking Statements
This news release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. Statements concerning current estimates, expectations and projections about future results, performance, prospects, opportunities, plans, actions and events and other statements, concerns, or matters that are not historical facts are “forward-looking statements,” as that term is defined under the federal securities laws. These forward-looking statements include, but are not limited to, statements regarding future: crude oil differentials or spreads; RINs, crude oil, feedstock and product prices; distributions and operating performance of CVR Refining and CVR Partners; reserves; improved market conditions; global demand; ammonia and UAN pricing; fourth quarter performance including throughput, production, direct operating expenses, capital spending and depreciation; safe and reliable operations; favorable product margins; and other matters. You can generally identify forward-looking statements by our use of forward-looking terminology such as “anticipate,” “believe,” “continue,” “could,” “estimate,” “expect,” “explore,” “evaluate,” “intend,” “may,” “might,” “plan,” “potential,” “predict,” “seek,” “should,” or “will,” or the negative thereof or other variations thereon or comparable terminology. These forward-looking statements are only predictions and involve known and unknown risks and uncertainties, many of which are beyond our control. Investors are cautioned that various factors may affect these forward-looking statements, including (among others) price volatility of crude oil, other feedstocks and refined products; the ability of CVR Refining and CVR Partners to make cash distributions; potential operating hazards; costs of compliance with existing, or compliance with new, laws and regulations and potential liabilities arising therefrom; impacts of planting season on CVR Partners; general economic and business conditions; and other risks. For additional discussion of risk factors which may affect our results, please see the risk factors and other disclosures included in our most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K, any subsequently filed Quarterly Reports on Form 10-Q and our other SEC filings. These and other risks may cause our actual results, performance or achievements to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Given these risks and uncertainties, you are cautioned not to place undue reliance on such forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements included in this news release are made only as of the date

2



hereof. CVR Energy disclaims any intention or obligation to update publicly or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except to the extent required by law.

About CVR Energy, Inc.
Headquartered in Sugar Land, Texas, CVR Energy is a diversified holding company primarily engaged in the petroleum refining and nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing industries through its holdings in two limited partnerships, CVR Refining, LP and CVR Partners, LP. CVR Energy and its subsidiaries serve as the general partner and own 81 percent of the common units of CVR Refining and CVR Energy subsidiaries serve as the general partner and own 34 percent of the common units of CVR Partners.

For further information, please contact:

Investor Contact:
Jay Finks
CVR Energy, Inc.
(281) 207-3588
InvestorRelations@CVREnergy.com
    
Media Relations:
Brandee Stephens
CVR Energy, Inc.
(281) 207-3516
MediaRelations@CVREnergy.com


3



CVR Energy, Inc.

Financial and Operational Data (all information in this release is unaudited other than the balance sheet data as of December 31, 2017).

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except per share data)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Consolidated Statement of Operations Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
1,935

 
$
1,454

 
$
5,386

 
$
4,395

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of materials and other
1,561

 
1,133

 
4,370

 
3,582

Direct operating expenses (1)
121

 
160

 
394

 
422

Depreciation and amortization
49

 
51

 
151

 
152

Cost of sales
1,731

 
1,344

 
4,915

 
4,156

Selling, general and administrative expenses (1)
28

 
27

 
83

 
82

Depreciation and amortization
2

 
3

 
8

 
7

Loss on asset disposals

 
1

 
5

 
2

Operating income
174

 
79

 
375

 
148

Interest expense, net
(26
)
 
(28
)
 
(79
)
 
(81
)
Gain (loss) on derivatives, net
5

 
(17
)
 
75

 
(5
)
Other income, net
3

 

 
6

 

Income before income tax expense
156

 
34

 
377

 
62

Income tax expense
35

 
9

 
73

 
18

Net income
121

 
25

 
304

 
44

Less: Net income attributable to noncontrolling interest
31

 
3

 
97

 
10

Net income attributable to CVR Energy stockholders
$
90

 
$
22

 
$
207

 
$
34

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic and diluted earnings per share
$
0.94

 
$
0.26

 
$
2.31

 
$
0.39

Dividends declared per share
$
0.75

 
$
0.50

 
$
2.00

 
$
1.50

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted EBITDA*
$
172

 
$
91

 
$
361

 
$
209

Adjusted net income (loss) *
91

 
32

 
170

 
52

Adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share *
0.95

 
0.37

 
1.89

 
0.60

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average common shares outstanding - basic and diluted

95.8

 
86.8

 
89.8

 
86.8

______________________________
* See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

(1)
Direct operating expenses and selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization.


(In millions)


As of September 30, 2018
 
As of December 31, 2017
Balance Sheet Data:
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
702

 
$
482

Working capital
786

 
550

Total assets
4,002

 
3,807

Total debt, including current portion
1,168

 
1,166

Total CVR stockholders’ equity
1,239

 
919



4



 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Cash Flow Data:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net cash flow provided by (used in):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating activities
$
290

 
$
85

 
$
519

 
$
327

Investing activities
(26
)
 
(22
)
 
(67
)
 
(81
)
Financing activities
(96
)
 
(44
)
 
(232
)
 
(133
)
Net increase in cash and cash equivalents
$
168

 
$
19

 
$
220

 
$
113


Segment Information

Our operations are organized into two reportable segments, Petroleum and Nitrogen Fertilizer. Our operations that are not included in the Petroleum and Nitrogen Fertilizer segments are included in the Corporate and Other segment (along with elimination of intersegment transactions). The Petroleum segment is operated by CVR Refining, LP (“CVR Refining”), in which we own a majority interest as well as serve as the general partner. The Petroleum segment includes the operations of the Coffeyville, Kansas and Wynnewood, Oklahoma refineries along with the crude oil gathering and pipeline systems. Detailed operating results for the Petroleum segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are included in CVR Refining’s press release dated October 24, 2018. The Nitrogen Fertilizer segment is operated by CVR Partners, LP (“CVR Partners”), in which we own approximately 34% of the common units as of September 30, 2018 and serve as the general partner. The Nitrogen Fertilizer segment consists of nitrogen fertilizer manufacturing facilities located in Coffeyville, Kansas and East Dubuque, Illinois. Detailed operating results for the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are included in CVR Partners’ press release dated October 24, 2018.



(In millions)


Petroleum (CVR Refining)
 
Nitrogen Fertilizer (CVR Partners)
 
Corporate and Other
 
Consolidated
Three Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
1,857

 
$
80

 
$
(2
)
 
$
1,935

Cost of materials and other
1,544

 
19

 
(2
)
 
1,561

Direct operating expenses
85

 
35

 
1

 
121

Selling, general and administrative
18

 
7

 
3

 
28

Depreciation and amortization
34

 
16

 
1

 
51

Loss on asset disposals

 

 

 

Operating income (loss)
$
176

 
$
3

 
$
(5
)
 
$
174

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
$
18

 
$
6

 
$
2

 
$
26








5





(In millions)

Petroleum (CVR Refining)
 
Nitrogen Fertilizer (CVR Partners)
 
Corporate and Other
 
Consolidated
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
5,139

 
$
253

 
$
(6
)
 
$
5,386

Cost of materials and other
4,315

 
61

 
(6
)
 
4,370

Direct operating expenses
272

 
121

 
1

 
394

Selling, general and administrative
56

 
19

 
8

 
83

Depreciation and amortization
101

 
53

 
5

 
159

Loss on asset disposals
5

 

 

 
5

Operating income (loss)
$
390

 
$
(1
)
 
$
(14
)
 
$
375

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
$
50

 
$
15

 
$
3

 
$
68




(In millions)

Petroleum (CVR Refining)
 
Nitrogen Fertilizer (CVR Partners)
 
Corporate and Other
 
Consolidated
Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
1,386

 
$
69

 
$
(1
)
 
$
1,454

Cost of materials and other
1,114

 
20

 
(1
)
 
1,133

Direct operating expenses
120

 
40

 

 
160

Selling, general and administrative
19

 
5

 
3

 
27

Depreciation and amortization
33

 
20

 
1

 
54

Loss on asset disposals
1

 

 

 
1

Operating income (loss)
$
99

 
$
(16
)
 
$
(4
)
 
$
79

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
$
19

 
$
3

 
$
1

 
$
23




(In millions)

Petroleum (CVR Refining)
 
Nitrogen Fertilizer (CVR Partners)
 
Corporate and Other
 
Consolidated
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
4,148

 
$
253

 
$
(6
)
 
$
4,395

Cost of materials and other
3,524

 
63

 
(5
)
 
3,582

Direct operating expenses
308

 
114

 

 
422

Selling, general and administrative
58

 
19

 
5

 
82

Depreciation and amortization
100

 
55

 
4

 
159

Loss on asset disposals
1

 

 
1

 
2

Operating income (loss)
$
157

 
$
2

 
$
(11
)
 
$
148

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Capital expenditures
$
66

 
$
11

 
$
3

 
$
80



6



(In millions)
Petroleum (CVR Refining)
 
Nitrogen Fertilizer (CVR Partners)
 
Corporate and Other
 
Consolidated
September 30, 2018
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
398

 
$
61

 
$
243

 
$
702

Total assets
2,505

 
1,219

 
278

 
4,002

Total debt, including current portion
539

 
628

 
1

 
1,168

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
December 31, 2017
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
$
174

 
$
49

 
$
259

 
$
482

Total assets
2,270

 
1,234

 
303

 
3,807

Total debt, including current portion
541

 
626

 

 
1,166


Petroleum Segment Operating Data

The following tables set forth information about our consolidated Petroleum segment operated by CVR Refining, of which we own a majority interest and serve as the general partner. Reconciliations of certain non-GAAP financial measures are provided under “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below. Additional discussion of operating results for the Petroleum segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are included in CVR Refining’s press release dated October 24, 2018.

 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(In millions)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Petroleum Segment Summary Financial Results:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
1,857

 
$
1,386

 
$
5,139

 
$
4,148

Operating costs and expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Cost of materials and other
1,544

 
1,114

 
4,315

 
3,524

Direct operating expenses (1)
85

 
120

 
272

 
308

Depreciation and amortization
33

 
32

 
98

 
97

Cost of sales
1,662

 
1,266

 
4,685

 
3,929

Selling, general and administrative expenses (1)
18

 
19

 
56

 
58

Depreciation and amortization
1

 
1

 
3

 
3

Loss on asset disposals

 
1

 
5

 
1

Operating income
176

 
99

 
390

 
157

Interest expense, net
(10
)
 
(12
)
 
(32
)
 
(34
)
Gain (loss) on derivatives, net
5

 
(17
)
 
75

 
(5
)
Other income, net
3

 

 
6

 

Net income
$
174

 
$
70

 
$
439

 
$
118

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Refining margin*
$
313

 
$
272

 
$
824

 
$
624

Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact*
310

 
257

 
779

 
625

Adjusted Petroleum EBITDA*
221

 
139

 
494

 
296

______________________________
* See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

(1)
Direct operating expense and selling, general and administrative expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization.

7



 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In dollars per total throughput barrel)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Petroleum Segment Key Operating Statistics:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gross profit
$
9.70

 
$
6.07

 
$
7.99

 
$
3.61

Refining margin*
$
15.54

 
$
13.81

 
$
14.50

 
$
10.32

FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable
$
(0.13
)
 
$
(0.76
)
 
$
(0.79
)
 
$
0.01

Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact*
$
15.41

 
$
13.05

 
$
13.71

 
$
10.33

Direct operating expenses and major turnaround expenses
$
4.23

 
$
6.12

 
$
4.79

 
$
5.11

Direct operating expenses excluding major turnaround expenses
$
4.17

 
$
5.02

 
$
4.77

 
$
4.49

______________________________
* See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Market Indicators (dollars per barrel):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
West Texas Intermediate (WTI) NYMEX
$
69.43

 
$
48.20

 
$
66.79

 
$
49.36

Crude Oil Differentials:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WTI less WTS (light/medium sour)
14.26

 
0.97

 
8.14

 
1.15

WTI less WCS (heavy sour)
27.76

 
10.48

 
23.77

 
11.42

WTI less condensate
0.37

 
0.12

 
0.40

 
0.12

Midland Cushing Differential
14.33

 
0.79

 
7.69

 
0.54

NYMEX Crack Spreads:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline
16.96

 
20.42

 
17.69

 
17.74

Heating Oil
22.03

 
21.05

 
21.59

 
17.24

NYMEX 2-1-1 Crack Spread
19.50

 
20.73

 
19.64

 
17.49

PADD II Group 3 Basis:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline
(0.13
)
 
(1.18
)
 
(2.16
)
 
(2.37
)
Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel
0.89

 
0.85

 
0.08

 
(0.44
)
PADD II Group 3 Product Crack Spread:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline
16.83

 
19.23

 
15.53

 
15.37

Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel
22.92

 
21.90

 
21.67

 
16.80

PADD II Group 3 2-1-1
19.88

 
20.57

 
18.60

 
16.09



8



 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Petroleum Segment Summary
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
 Refining Throughput and Production Data (bpd):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Throughput:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensate
8,425

 
3.8
 
1

 
 
13,156

 
6.3
 
2,893

 
1.3
Sweet
193,727

 
88.5
 
196,341

 
91.9
 
179,964

 
86.5
 
195,857

 
88.5
Heavy sour
6,746

 
3.1
 
6,751

 
3.2
 
4,518

 
2.2
 
11,643

 
5.3
Total crude oil throughput
208,898

 
95.4
 
203,093

 
95.1
 
197,638

 
95.0
 
210,393

 
95.1
All other feedstocks and blendstocks
10,008

 
4.6
 
10,513

 
4.9
 
10,454

 
5.0
 
10,943

 
4.9
Total throughput
218,906

 
100.0
 
213,606

 
100.0
 
208,092

 
100.0
 
221,336

 
100.0
Production:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline
111,087

 
50.8
 
105,712

 
49.5
 
103,258

 
49.6
 
112,268

 
50.6
Distillate
94,157

 
43.0
 
89,655

 
42.0
 
89,325

 
42.9
 
92,046

 
41.5
Other (excluding internally produced fuel)
13,497

 
6.2
 
18,107

 
8.5
 
15,486

 
7.5
 
17,385

 
7.9
Total refining production (excluding internally produced fuel)
218,741

 
100.0
 
213,474

 
100.0
 
208,069

 
100.0
 
221,699

 
100.0


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
Coffeyville Refinery Throughput and Production Data (bpd):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Throughput:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensate
273

 
0.2
 
1

 
 
6,448

 
5.1
 
2,893

 
2.1
Sweet
127,792

 
90.3
 
121,709

 
89.6
 
109,937

 
86.4
 
116,468

 
83.7
Heavy sour
6,746

 
4.8
 
6,751

 
5.0
 
4,518

 
3.6
 
11,643

 
8.4
Total crude oil throughput
134,811

 
95.3
 
128,461

 
94.6
 
120,903

 
95.1
 
131,004

 
94.2
All other feedstocks and blendstocks
6,664

 
4.7
 
7,415

 
5.4
 
6,238

 
4.9
 
8,124

 
5.8
Total throughput
141,475

 
100.0
 
135,876

 
100.0
 
127,141

 
100.0
 
139,128

 
100.0
Production:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline
72,337

 
50.7
 
67,598

 
49.1
 
62,543

 
48.7
 
70,697

 
50.1
Distillate
60,521

 
42.4
 
57,654

 
41.9
 
54,914

 
42.7
 
58,927

 
41.7
Other (excluding internally produced fuel)
9,900

 
6.9
 
12,355

 
9.0
 
11,066

 
8.6
 
11,619

 
8.2
Total refining production (excluding internally produced fuel)
142,758

 
100.0
 
137,607

 
100.0
 
128,523

 
100.0
 
141,243

 
100.0


9



 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
 
 
 
%
Wynnewood Refinery Throughput and Production Data (bpd):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Throughput:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Condensate
8,152

 
10.5
 

 
 
6,708

 
8.3
 

 
Sweet
65,936

 
85.2
 
74,632

 
96.0
 
70,026

 
86.5
 
79,389

 
96.6
Total crude oil throughput
74,088

 
95.7
 
74,632

 
96.0
 
76,734

 
94.8
 
79,389

 
96.6
All other feedstocks and blendstocks
3,344

 
4.3
 
3,098

 
4.0
 
4,216

 
5.2
 
2,819

 
3.4
Total throughput
77,432

 
100.0
 
77,730

 
100.0
 
80,950

 
100.0
 
82,208

 
100.0
Production:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasoline
38,750

 
51.0
 
38,114

 
50.2
 
40,715

 
51.2
 
41,571

 
51.6
Distillate
33,636

 
44.3
 
32,001

 
42.2
 
34,411

 
43.2
 
33,119

 
41.2
Other (excluding internally produced fuel)
3,597

 
4.7
 
5,752

 
7.6
 
4,420

 
5.6
 
5,766

 
7.2
Total refining production (excluding internally produced fuel)
75,983

 
100.0
 
75,867

 
100.0
 
79,546

 
100.0
 
80,456


100.0

Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Operating Data

The following tables set forth information about the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment operated by CVR Partners, of which we own approximately 34% of the common units as of September 30, 2018 and serve as the general partner. Reconciliations of certain non-GAAP financial measures are provided under “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below. Additional discussion of operating results for the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 are included in CVR Partners’ press release dated October 24, 2018.

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Business Financial Results:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net sales
$
80

 
$
69

 
$
253

 
$
253

Cost of materials and other
19

 
20

 
61

 
63

Direct operating expenses(1)
35

 
40

 
121

 
114

Depreciation and amortization
16

 
20

 
53

 
55

Cost of sales
70

 
80

 
235

 
232

Selling, general and administrative expenses
7

 
5

 
19

 
19

Loss on asset disposals

 

0


 

Operating income (loss)
3

 
(16
)
 
(1
)
 
2

Interest expense, net
(16
)
 
(16
)
 
(47
)
 
(47
)
Other income, net

 

 

 

Net loss
$
(13
)
 
$
(32
)
 
$
(48
)
 
$
(45
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA*
$
19

 
$
5

 
$
58

 
$
58

 
* See “Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures” below.

(1)
Direct operating expenses for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization.


10



 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Nitrogen Fertilizer Segment Key Operating Statistics:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated sales (thousand tons):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ammonia
38

 
65

 
156

 
202

UAN
310

 
299

 
925

 
952

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated product pricing at gate (dollars per ton) (1):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ammonia
$
297

 
$
214

 
$
329

 
$
287

UAN
$
170

 
$
138

 
$
169

 
$
158

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated production volume (thousand tons):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ammonia (gross produced) (2)
212

 
181

 
584

 
615

Ammonia (net available for sale) (2)
63

 
46

 
187

 
204

UAN
338

 
307

 
919

 
962

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Feedstock:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Petroleum coke used in production (thousand tons)
117

 
114

 
325

 
371

Petroleum coke used in production (dollars per ton)
$
26

 
$
18

 
$
23

 
$
18

Natural gas used in production (thousands of MMBtus)(3)
2,118

 
1,555

 
5,933

 
5,781

Natural gas used in production (dollars per MMBtu)(3)
$
3.03

 
$
3.12

 
$
3.01

 
$
3.25

Natural gas in cost of materials and other (thousands of MMBtus)(3)
1,439

 
1,935

 
5,268

 
5,898

Natural gas in cost of materials and other (dollars per MMBtu)(3)
$
2.98

 
$
3.15

 
$
3.03

 
$
3.30

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Coffeyville Facility on-stream factor (4):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gasification
100
%
 
96
%
 
91
%
 
98
%
Ammonia
100
%
 
94
%
 
90
%
 
97
%
UAN
97
%
 
94
%
 
88
%
 
93
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
East Dubuque Facility on-stream factors (4):
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ammonia
99
%
 
76
%
 
93
%
 
92
%
UAN
98
%
 
77
%
 
93
%
 
92
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Market Indicators:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Ammonia — Southern Plains (dollars per ton)
$
337

 
$
238

 
$
354

 
$
314

Ammonia — Corn belt (dollars per ton)
$
398

 
$
303

 
$
407

 
$
364

UAN — Corn belt (dollars per ton)
$
203

 
$
165

 
$
208

 
$
192

Natural gas NYMEX (dollars per MMBtu)
$
2.87

 
$
2.95

 
$
2.85

 
$
3.05

 
(1)
Product pricing at gate represents net sales less freight revenue divided by product sales volume in tons and is shown in order to provide a pricing measure that is comparable across the fertilizer industry.

(2)
Gross tons produced for ammonia represent total ammonia produced, including ammonia produced that was upgraded into other fertilizer products. Net tons available for sale represent the ammonia available for sale that was not upgraded into other fertilizer products.

(3)
The feedstock natural gas shown above does not include natural gas used for fuel. The cost of fuel natural gas is included in direct operating expense (exclusive of depreciation and amortization).


11



(4)
On-stream factor is the total number of hours operated divided by the total number of hours in the reporting period and is included as a measure of operating efficiency.

Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

Our management uses certain non-GAAP performance measures to evaluate past performance and prospects for the future to supplement our GAAP financial information presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP. These non-GAAP financial measures are important factors in assessing our operating results and profitability and include performance and liquidity measures along with certain key operating metrics.

Performance and Liquidity Measures

We use the following performance and liquidity measures:

EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA. EBITDA represents net income attributable to CVR Energy stockholders before consolidated (i) interest expense and other financing costs, net of interest income; (ii) income tax expense (benefit); and (iii) depreciation and amortization, less the portion of these adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interest. Adjusted EBITDA represents EBITDA adjusted for consolidated (i) FIFO impact (favorable) unfavorable; (ii) major turnaround expenses (that many of our competitors capitalize and thereby exclude from their measures of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA); (iii) (gain) loss on derivatives, net; and (iv) current period settlements on derivative contracts. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA are not recognized terms under GAAP and should not be substituted for net income or cash flow from operations. We believe that EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA enable investors to better understand and evaluate our ongoing operating results and allow for greater transparency in reviewing our overall financial, operational and economic performance. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA presented by other companies may not be comparable to our presentation, since each company may define these terms differently. EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA represent EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA that is attributable to CVR Energy stockholders.

Adjusted net income (loss) is not a recognized term under GAAP and should not be substituted for net income as a measure of our performance, but rather should be utilized as a supplemental measure of financial performance in evaluating our business. Management believes that adjusted net income (loss) provides relevant and useful information that enables external users of our financial statements, such as industry analysts, investors, lenders and rating agencies, to better understand and evaluate our ongoing operating results and allow for greater transparency in the review of our overall financial, operational and economic performance. Adjusted net income (loss) per diluted share represents adjusted net income (loss) divided by the weighted-average diluted shares outstanding. Adjusted net income (loss) represents net income, as adjusted, that is attributable to CVR Energy stockholders.

Petroleum EBITDA. EBITDA is a performance measure representing net income before (i) interest expense and other financing costs, net of interest income, (ii) income tax expense and (iii) depreciation and amortization.

Petroleum Adjusted EBITDA. Adjusted EBITDA is a performance measure representing EBITDA adjusted for (i) (favorable) unfavorable FIFO impacts associated with our crude oil and refined product inventories, (ii) major turnaround expenses (that many of our competitors capitalize and thereby exclude from their measures of EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA), (iii) (gain) loss on derivatives, net and (iv) current period settlements on derivative contracts. Adjusted EBITDA represents the starting point for determining available cash for distribution. Refer to discussion below for the Refining margin, adjusted for FIFO impact non-GAAP measure for discussion of why management adjusted for the FIFO impact of our inventories. We exclude major turnaround expenses because these amounts are required expenditures for our refineries, are not closely related to current period operations, and many of our peer companies capitalize these amounts thereby excluding these amounts from their EBITDA-related measures. For derivatives, we adjust EBITDA to exclude the unrealized or non-cash portion of our derivative gain or loss from our results in order to arrive at our starting point for available cash for distribution.

Nitrogen EBITDA. Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA represents nitrogen fertilizer net loss adjusted for (i) interest (income) expense; (ii) income tax expense; and (iii) depreciation and amortization expense. Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA represents Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA adjusted for (i) major turnaround expenses, when applicable; (ii) gain or loss on extinguishment of debt; and (iii) business interruption insurance recovery, when applicable. We present Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA because we have found it helpful to consider an operating measure that excludes expenses, such as major turnaround expense, gain or loss on extinguishment of debt, loss on disposition of assets, and business interruption insurance recovery, relating to transactions not reflective of CVR Partner’s core operations.


12



Nitrogen Adjusted EBITDA. We also present Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA because it is the starting point for calculating CVR Partner’s available cash for distribution. Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA is not a recognized term under GAAP and should not be substituted for net loss as a measure of performance. We believe that Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA and Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA enable investors and analysts to better understand CVR Partner’s ability to make distributions to its common unitholders, help investors and analysts evaluate its ongoing operating results and allow for greater transparency in reviewing our overall financial, operational and economic performance by allowing investors to evaluate the same information used by management. Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA and Adjusted Nitrogen Fertilizer EBITDA presented by other companies may not be comparable to our presentation, since each company may define these terms differently.

Refining margin. This performance measure represents the difference between net sales and cost of materials and other as reported on our Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations.

Refining margin, adjusted for FIFO impact. This performance measure represents our refining margin adjusted to exclude the impact of price changes in our crude oil and refined products inventories. Under our FIFO accounting method for crude oil and refined products, changes in crude oil prices can cause fluctuations in the inventory valuation of our raw material, work in process and finished good inventories, thereby resulting in a favorable FIFO impact when crude oil prices increase and an unfavorable FIFO impact when crude oil prices decrease. In periods of significant price volatility, these price changes have a significant impact on the valuation on our inventories and thus our results.

Available cash for distribution. This performance and liquidity measure is equal to Adjusted EBITDA reduced for cash needed for (i) debt service, (ii) reserves for environmental and maintenance capital expenditures, (iii) reserves for major turnaround expenses and, to the extent applicable, (iv) reserves for future operating or capital needs that the board of directors of our general partner deems necessary or appropriate, if any. Available cash for distribution may be increased by the release of previously established cash reserves, if any, and other excess cash, at the discretion of the board of directors of our general partner.

Operating Metrics

During the second quarter of 2018, we changed the metrics discussed below from a crude oil throughput barrel basis to a total throughput barrel basis. Prior period information has been revised to conform to current presentation.

Refining margin and refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact per total throughput barrel. For both refining margin and refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact, we present these measures on a per total throughput barrel basis. In order to calculate these non-GAAP operating metrics, we utilize the total dollar figures for refining margin and refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact, as derived above and divide by the applicable number of total throughput barrels for the period.

Direct operating expenses, excluding major turnaround expenses, per total throughput barrel. We provide this performance measure to exclude major turnaround expenses from the reported amounts of direct operating expense during a given period. Major turnaround expenses are not directly correlated to our current period operations and thus excluding them provides investors and analysts with the current period cost, exclusive of depreciation and amortization, we incur to convert a barrel of crude oil into refined product.

We present these measures because we believe they may help investors, analysts, lenders and ratings agencies analyze our results of operations and liquidity in conjunction with our U.S. GAAP results, including but not limited to our operating performance as compared to other publicly traded companies in the refining industry, without regard to historical cost basis or financing methods and our ability to incur and service debt and fund capital expenditures. Non-GAAP measures have important limitations as analytical tools, because they exclude some, but not all, items that affect net earnings and operating income. These measures should not be considered substitutes for their most directly comparable U.S. GAAP financial measures.





13



A reconciliation of net income attributable to CVR Energy stockholders to EBITDA and EBITDA to Adjusted EBITDA for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net income attributable to CVR Energy stockholders
$
90

 
$
22

 
$
207

 
$
34

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
26

 
28

 
79

 
81

Income tax expense
35

 
9

 
73

 
18

Depreciation and amortization
51

 
54

 
159

 
159

Adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interest
(31
)
 
(38
)
 
(107
)
 
(113
)
EBITDA
171

 
75

 
411

 
179

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable
(3
)
 
(15
)
 
(45
)
 
1

Major turnaround expenses
1

 
24

 
7

 
39

Loss on derivatives, net
(5
)
 
17

 
(75
)
 
5

Current period settlement on derivative contracts (1)
10

 

 
41

 
1

Insurance recovery - business interruption

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Adjustments attributable to noncontrolling interest
(2
)
 
(9
)
 
22

 
(15
)
Adjusted EBITDA
$
172

 
$
91

 
$
361

 
$
209


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except per share data)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Reconciliation of Income before income tax expense to Adjusted Net Income:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income tax expense
$
156

 
$
34

 
$
377

 
$
62

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable
(3
)
 
(15
)
 
(45
)
 
1

Major turnaround expenses
1

 
24

 
7

 
39

Gain on derivatives, net
(5
)
 
17

 
(75
)
 
5

Current period settlement on derivative contracts (1)
10

 

 
41

 
1

Insurance recovery - business interruption

 
(1
)
 

 
(1
)
Adjusted net income before income tax expense and noncontrolling interest
159

 
59

 
305

 
107

Adjusted net income attributed to noncontrolling interest
(32
)
 
(12
)
 
(75
)
 
(26
)
Income tax expense, as adjusted
(36
)
 
(15
)
 
(60
)
 
(29
)
Adjusted net income
$
91

 
$
32

 
$
170

 
$
52

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Adjusted net income per diluted share
$
0.95

 
$
0.37

 
$
1.89

 
$
0.60



14



We have changed our metrics in the second quarter of 2018 from a crude oil throughput barrel basis to a total throughput barrel basis, and we have revised the historical information for the corresponding period of the prior fiscal year from to reflect this change in metrics.

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Petroleum Segment:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Petroleum net income
$
174

 
$
70

 
$
439

 
$
118

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense, net
10

 
12

 
32

 
34

Depreciation and amortization
34

 
33

 
101

 
100

Petroleum EBITDA
218

 
115

 
572

 
252

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable
(3
)
 
(15
)
 
(45
)
 
1

Major turnaround expenses
1

 
22

 
1

 
37

Loss on derivatives, net
(5
)
 
17

 
(75
)
 
5

Current period settlements on derivative contracts (1)
10

 

 
41

 
1

Adjusted Petroleum EBITDA
$
221

 
$
139

 
$
494

 
$
296

 
(1)
Represents the portion of gain on derivatives, net related to contracts that matured during the respective periods and settled with counterparties. There are no premiums paid or received at inception of the derivative contracts. Upon settlement there is no cost recovery associated with these contracts.
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Net sales
$
1,857

 
$
1,386

 
$
5,139

 
$
4,148

Cost of materials and other
1,544

 
1,114

 
4,315

 
3,524

Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below)
85

 
120

 
272

 
308

Depreciation and amortization
33

 
32

 
98

 
97

Gross profit
195

 
120

 
454

 
219

Add:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization as reflected below)
85

 
120

 
272

 
308

Depreciation and amortization
33

 
32

 
98

 
97

Refining margin
313

 
272

 
824

 
624

FIFO impact, (favorable) unfavorable
(3
)
 
(15
)
 
(45
)
 
1

Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact
$
310

 
$
257

 
$
779

 
$
625


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Total throughput barrels per day
218,906

 
213,606

 
208,092

 
221,336

Days in the period
92

 
92

 
273

 
273

Total throughput barrels
20,139,352

 
19,651,752

 
56,809,116

 
60,424,728



15



 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(in millions, except for $ per barrel data)
Refining margin
$
313

 
$
272

 
$
824

 
$
624

Divided by: total throughput barrels
20

 
20

 
57

 
60

Refining margin per total throughput barrel
$
15.54

 
$
13.81

 
$
14.50

 
$
10.32


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except for per throughput barrel data)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact
$
310

 
$
257

 
$
779

 
$
625

Divided by: total throughput barrels
20

 
20

 
57

 
60

Refining margin adjusted for FIFO impact per total throughput barrel
$
15.41

 
$
13.05

 
$
13.71

 
$
10.33


 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions, except for per throughput barrel data)

2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Direct operating expenses (exclusive of depreciation and amortization)
$
85

 
$
120

 
$
272

 
$
308

Major turnaround expenses
1

 
22

 
1

 
37

Direct operating expenses (1)
84

 
98

 
271

 
271

Divided by: total throughput barrels
20

 
20

 
57

 
60

Direct operating expenses, excluding major turnaround expenses, per total throughput barrel
$
4.17

 
$
5.02

 
$
4.77

 
$
4.49

 
(1)
Direct operating expenses are shown exclusive of depreciation and amortization and major turnaround expenses.


A reconciliation of net income (loss) to EBITDA and EBITDA to Adjusted EBITDA for the Nitrogen Fertilizer segment for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2018 and 2017 is as follows:

 
Three Months Ended September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
(In millions)

2018
 
2017
 
2018