1


Exhibit 99.1
Caterpillar Inc.                                     
3Q 2019 Earnings Release

October 23, 2019

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE
 
 
 
 
 
Caterpillar Reports Third-Quarter 2019 Results
 
 
Third Quarter
 
 

Highlights:
($ in billions except profit per share)
 
2019
2018
 
Sales and revenues down 6%; profit per share down 8%
Sales and Revenues
 
$12.8
$13.5
 
Returned about $1.8 billion in share repurchases and dividends
Profit Per Share
 
$2.66
$2.88
 
Full-year profit per share outlook range lowered to $10.90 to $11.40
DEERFIELD, Ill. – Caterpillar Inc. (NYSE: CAT) today announced third-quarter 2019 sales and revenues of $12.8 billion, a 6% decrease compared with $13.5 billion in the third quarter of 2018. Third-quarter 2019 profit per share was $2.66, compared with $2.88 profit per share in the third quarter of 2018.
The primary driver of the decline in sales and revenues was a $1.2 billion movement in dealers’ inventories. Dealers decreased their inventories about $400 million during the third quarter of 2019, after increasing their inventories about $800 million during the third quarter of 2018.
During the third quarter of 2019, the company made a $1.5 billion discretionary pension contribution financed from proceeds of a debt issuance. As a result, Machinery, Energy & Transportation (ME&T) operating cash flow was negative $188 million. The company also repurchased $1.2 billion of Caterpillar common stock and paid dividends of $0.6 billion in the third quarter of 2019. The enterprise cash balance at the end of the third quarter of 2019 was $7.9 billion.
“Our volumes declined as dealers reduced their inventories, and end-user demand, while positive, was lower than our expectations,” said Caterpillar Chairman and CEO Jim Umpleby. “We remain focused on executing our strategy and continuing to achieve our Investor Day targets for margin improvement and free cash flow.”
2019 Outlook
The company is lowering its full-year profit per share outlook range to $10.90 to $11.40, compared to the previous outlook which was at the low end of the $12.06 to $13.06 range. Both ranges include the first-quarter $0.31 per share discrete tax benefit. The revised guidance now assumes modestly lower sales in 2019. The company remains focused on maintaining a competitive and flexible cost structure, including managing production levels.
“In the fourth quarter, we now expect end-user demand to be flat and dealers to make further inventory reductions due to global economic uncertainty,” said Umpleby. “Caterpillar’s improved lead times, along with these dealer inventory reductions, will enable us to respond quickly to positive or negative developments in the global economy in 2020. We are expanding our offerings and investing in services, including digital capabilities, to drive long-term profitable growth, while continuing to achieve our Investor Day targets for improved financial performance.”

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2


The outlook does not include a mark-to-market gain or loss for remeasurement of pension and other postemployment benefit plans, which will be excluded from adjusted profit per share in the fourth quarter of 2019 along with any other material discrete items.


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3


CONSOLIDATED RESULTS
Consolidated Sales and Revenues
conssalesandrevenues3q2019.jpg
The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in consolidated sales and revenues between the third quarter of 2018 (at left) and the third quarter of 2019 (at right). Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company’s Board of Directors and employees.
Total sales and revenues of $12.758 billion in the third quarter of 2019 decreased $752 million, or 6%, compared with $13.510 billion in the third quarter of 2018. The decline was due to lower sales volume driven by the unfavorable impact from changes in dealer inventories, partially offset by higher end-user demand across the three primary segments. Dealers decreased machine and engine inventories about $400 million during the third quarter of 2019, compared with an increase of about $800 million during the third quarter of 2018. Sales decreased across the three primary segments and in all regions except for Latin America, which was about flat.
Sales and Revenues by Segment
(Millions of dollars)
Third Quarter 2018
 
Sales
Volume
 
Price
Realization
 
Currency
 
Inter-Segment / Other
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction Industries
$
5,683

 
$
(358
)
 
$
26

 
$
(47
)
 
$
(15
)
 
$
5,289

 
$
(394
)
 
(7%)
Resource Industries
2,638

 
(389
)
 
50

 
(20
)
 
32

 
2,311

 
(327
)
 
(12%)
Energy & Transportation
5,555

 
31

 
11

 
(57
)
 
(88
)
 
5,452

 
(103
)
 
(2%)
All Other Segment
113

 
(9
)
 

 
(1
)
 
8

 
111

 
(2
)
 
(2%)
Corporate Items and Eliminations
(1,226
)
 
(26
)
 
(1
)
 
1

 
63

 
(1,189
)
 
37

 
 
Machinery, Energy & Transportation
12,763

 
(751
)
 
86

 
(124
)
 

 
11,974

 
(789
)
 
(6%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Products Segment
845

 

 

 

 
20

 
865

 
20

 
2%
Corporate Items and Eliminations
(98
)
 

 

 

 
17

 
(81
)
 
17

 
 
Financial Products Revenues
747

 

 

 

 
37

 
784

 
37

 
5%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Sales and Revenues
$
13,510

 
$
(751
)
 
$
86

 
$
(124
)
 
$
37

 
$
12,758

 
$
(752
)
 
(6%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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4


Sales and Revenues by Geographic Region
 
North America
 
Latin America
 
EAME
 
Asia/Pacific
 
External Sales and Revenues
 
Inter-Segment
 
Total Sales and Revenues
(Millions of dollars)
$
 
% Chg
 
$
 
% Chg
 
$
 
% Chg
 
$
 
% Chg
 
$
 
% Chg
 
$
 
% Chg
 
$
 
% Chg
Third Quarter 2019
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction Industries
$
2,728

 
3%
 
$
413

 
12%
 
$
1,048

 
(6%)
 
$
1,086

 
(29%)
 
$
5,275

 
(7%)
 
$
14

 
(52%)
 
$
5,289

 
(7%)
Resource Industries
789

 
(7%)
 
349

 
(18%)
 
396

 
(31%)
 
645

 
(6%)
 
2,179

 
(14%)
 
132

 
32%
 
2,311

 
(12%)
Energy & Transportation
2,129

 
(8%)
 
378

 
15%
 
1,224

 
4%
 
831

 
10%
 
4,562

 
—%
 
890

 
(9%)
 
5,452

 
(2%)
All Other Segment
1

 
(93%)
 
6

 
—%
 
8

 
100%
 
12

 
(33%)
 
27

 
(27%)
 
84

 
11%
 
111

 
(2%)
Corporate Items and Eliminations
(62
)
 
 
 
1

 
 
 
(7
)
 
 
 
(1
)
 
 
 
(69
)
 
 
 
(1,120
)
 
 
 
(1,189
)
 
 
Machinery, Energy & Transportation
5,585

 
(3%)
 
1,147

 
2%
 
2,669

 
(7%)
 
2,573

 
(14%)
 
11,974

 
(6%)
 

 
—%
 
11,974

 
(6%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Products Segment
560

 
—%
 
79

 
16%
 
102

 
1%
 
124

 
6%
 
865

 
2%
 

 
—%
 
865

 
2%
Corporate Items and Eliminations
(43
)
 
 
 
(15
)
 
 
 
(8
)
 
 
 
(15
)
 
 
 
(81
)
 
 
 

 
 
 
(81
)
 
 
Financial Products Revenues
517

 
4%
 
64

 
14%
 
94

 
(1%)
 
109

 
10%
 
784

 
5%
 

 
—%
 
784

 
5%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Sales and Revenues
$
6,102

 
(3%)
 
$
1,211

 
2%
 
$
2,763

 
(7%)
 
$
2,682

 
(13%)
 
$
12,758

 
(6%)
 
$

 
—%
 
$
12,758

 
(6%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2018
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
 
 

 
 
Construction Industries
$
2,646

 
 
 
$
369

 
 
 
$
1,109

 
 
 
$
1,530

 
 
 
$
5,654

 
 
 
$
29

 
 
 
$
5,683

 
 
Resource Industries
849

 
 
 
427

 
 
 
574

 
 
 
688

 
 
 
2,538

 
 
 
100

 
 
 
2,638

 
 
Energy & Transportation
2,309

 
 
 
330

 
 
 
1,180

 
 
 
758

 
 
 
4,577

 
 
 
978

 
 
 
5,555

 
 
All Other Segment
15

 
 
 

 
 
 
4

 
 
 
18

 
 
 
37

 
 
 
76

 
 
 
113

 
 
Corporate Items and Eliminations
(40
)
 
 
 
1

 
 
 
(5
)
 
 
 
1

 
 
 
(43
)
 
 
 
(1,183
)
 
 
 
(1,226
)
 
 
Machinery, Energy & Transportation
5,779

 
 
 
1,127

 
 
 
2,862

 
 
 
2,995

 
 
 
12,763

 
 
 

 
 
 
12,763

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Products Segment
559

 
 
 
68

 
 
 
101

 
 
 
117

 
 
 
845

 
 
 

 
 
 
845

 
 
Corporate Items and Eliminations
(62
)
 
 
 
(12
)
 
 
 
(6
)
 
 
 
(18
)
 
 
 
(98
)
 
 
 

 
 
 
(98
)
 
 
Financial Products Revenues
497

 
 
 
56

 
 
 
95

 
 
 
99

 
 
 
747

 
 
 

 
 
 
747

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Sales and Revenues
$
6,276

 
 
 
$
1,183

 
 
 
$
2,957

 
 
 
$
3,094

 
 
 
$
13,510

 
 
 
$

 
 
 
$
13,510

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


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5


Consolidated Operating Profit
consopprofit3q2019.jpg
The chart above graphically illustrates reasons for the change in consolidated operating profit between the third quarter of 2018 (at left) and the third quarter of 2019 (at right). Caterpillar management utilizes these charts internally to visually communicate with the company’s Board of Directors and employees. The bar titled Other includes consolidating adjustments and Machinery, Energy & Transportation's other operating (income) expenses.
Operating profit for the third quarter of 2019 was $2.020 billion, a decrease of $115 million, or 5%, compared with $2.135 billion in the third quarter of 2018. The decrease was primarily due to lower sales volume. This decrease was partially offset by favorable price realization and lower selling, general and administrative (SG&A) and research and development (R&D) expenses.
Favorable price realization continued to offset manufacturing costs and lower SG&A/R&D expenses were mostly due to a reduction in short-term incentive compensation expense.
Operating profit margin was 15.8% for both the third quarters of 2019 and 2018.
Profit by Segment
(Millions of dollars)
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
$
Change
 
%
 Change
Construction Industries
$
940

 
$
1,058

 
$
(118
)
 
(11
%)
Resource Industries
311

 
414

 
(103
)
 
(25
%)
Energy & Transportation
1,021

 
973

 
48

 
5
%
All Other Segment
(21
)
 
(10
)
 
(11
)
 
(110
%)
Corporate Items and Eliminations
(363
)
 
(371
)
 
8

 
 

Machinery, Energy & Transportation
1,888

 
2,064

 
(176
)
 
(9
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Products Segment
218

 
201

 
17

 
8
%
Corporate Items and Eliminations
21

 
(30
)
 
51

 


Financial Products
239

 
171

 
68

 
40
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidating Adjustments
(107
)
 
(100
)
 
(7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated Operating Profit
$
2,020

 
$
2,135

 
$
(115
)
 
(5
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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6


Other Profit/Loss and Tax Items
The provision for income taxes for the third quarter of 2019 reflected an estimated annual tax rate of 26%, compared with 24% for the third quarter of 2018. The increase was largely driven by the application of U.S. tax reform provisions to the earnings of certain non-U.S. subsidiaries, which do not have a calendar fiscal year-end. These provisions did not apply to these subsidiaries in 2018.



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7


CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRIES
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
Sales Volume
 
Price Realization
 
Currency
 
Inter-Segment
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
$
 Change
 
%
 Change
Total Sales
 
$
5,683

 
$
(358
)
 
$
26

 
$
(47
)
 
$
(15
)
 
$
5,289

 
$
(394
)
 
(7
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Geographic Region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America
 
$
2,728

 
$
2,646

 
$
82

 
3
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Latin America
 
413

 
369

 
44

 
12
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EAME
 
1,048

 
1,109

 
(61
)
 
(6
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asia/Pacific
 
1,086

 
1,530

 
(444
)
 
(29
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
External Sales
 
5,275

 
5,654

 
(379
)
 
(7
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inter-segment
 
14

 
29

 
(15
)
 
(52
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Sales
 
$
5,289

 
$
5,683

 
$
(394
)
 
(7
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 

Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
$
940

 
$
1,058

 
$
(118
)
 
(11
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit Margin
 
17.8
%
 
18.6
%
 
(0.8
 pts)
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Construction Industries’ total sales were $5.289 billion in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $394 million, or 7%, compared with $5.683 billion in the third quarter of 2018. The decrease was due to lower sales volume driven by the unfavorable impact from changes in dealer inventories, partially offset by higher end-user demand for construction equipment. Dealers increased inventories during the third quarter of 2018, compared with a decrease in the third quarter of 2019.
In North America, sales increased primarily due to favorable price realization and higher demand for equipment, mostly to support road and non-residential building construction activities.
Sales were higher in Latin America, but construction activities remained at low levels.
In EAME, the sales decrease was primarily due to currency impacts related to the euro. Unfavorable price realization and lower sales volume also contributed to the decrease.
Sales in Asia/Pacific were lower across most of the region primarily due to lower demand in China, including unfavorable changes in dealer inventories, amid continued competitive pressures.
Construction Industries’ profit was $940 million in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $118 million, or 11%, compared with $1.058 billion in the third quarter of 2018. The decrease was primarily due to lower sales volume, partially offset by lower SG&A/R&D expenses and favorable price realization. Lower SG&A/R&D expenses were primarily due to lower short-term incentive compensation expense.

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8


RESOURCE INDUSTRIES
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
Sales Volume
 
Price Realization
 
Currency
 
Inter-Segment
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
$
 Change
 
%
 Change
Total Sales
 
$
2,638

 
$
(389
)
 
$
50

 
$
(20
)
 
$
32

 
$
2,311

 
$
(327
)
 
(12
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Geographic Region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America
 
$
789

 
$
849

 
$
(60
)
 
(7
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Latin America
 
349

 
427

 
(78
)
 
(18
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EAME
 
396

 
574

 
(178
)
 
(31
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asia/Pacific
 
645

 
688

 
(43
)
 
(6
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
External Sales
 
2,179

 
2,538

 
(359
)
 
(14
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inter-segment
 
132

 
100

 
32

 
32
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Sales
 
$
2,311

 
$
2,638

 
$
(327
)
 
(12
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 

Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
$
311

 
$
414

 
$
(103
)
 
(25
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit Margin
 
13.5
%
 
15.7
%
 
(2.2
 pts)
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Resource Industries’ total sales were $2.311 billion in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $327 million, or 12%, compared with $2.638 billion in the third quarter of 2018. The decrease was due to lower sales volume driven by the unfavorable impact from changes in dealer inventories, partially offset by higher end-user demand for equipment and favorable price realization. Dealers decreased inventories during the third quarter of 2019, compared with an increase in the third quarter of 2018. While commodity prices are generally supportive of reinvestment, the company believes mining customers are cautious due to economic uncertainty. Mining sales were also impacted by lower thermal coal prices. In addition, sales decreased for equipment supporting non-residential construction and quarry and aggregates driven by a reduction in dealer inventories.
Resource Industries’ profit was $311 million in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $103 million, or 25%, compared with $414 million in the third quarter of 2018. The decrease was primarily due to lower sales volume, partially offset by favorable price realization.



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9


ENERGY & TRANSPORTATION
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Sales
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
Sales Volume
 
Price Realization
 
Currency
 
Inter-Segment
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
$
 Change
 
%
 Change
Total Sales
 
$
5,555

 
$
31

 
$
11

 
$
(57
)
 
$
(88
)
 
$
5,452

 
$
(103
)
 
(2
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales by Application
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Oil and Gas
 
$
1,246

 
$
1,362

 
$
(116
)
 
(9
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Power Generation
 
1,123

 
1,102

 
21

 
2
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Industrial
 
980

 
863

 
117

 
14
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Transportation
 
1,213

 
1,250

 
(37
)
 
(3
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
External Sales
 
4,562

 
4,577

 
(15
)
 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Inter-segment
 
890

 
978

 
(88
)
 
(9
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Sales
 
$
5,452

 
$
5,555

 
$
(103
)
 
(2
%)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 

Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
$
1,021

 
$
973

 
$
48

 
5
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit Margin
 
18.7
%
 
17.5
%
 
1.2
 pts
 


 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Energy & Transportation’s total sales were $5.452 billion in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $103 million, or 2%, compared with $5.555 billion in the third quarter of 2018. Sales decreased primarily due to lower inter-segment engine sales.
Oil and Gas – Sales decreased for reciprocating engines in North America primarily due to lower demand in well servicing applications. This was partially offset by higher sales of turbines and turbine-related services.
Power Generation – Sales increased mostly due to higher deliveries in North America for large diesel reciprocating engines and turbines, partially offset by lower sales of reciprocating engines in EAME.
Industrial – Sales improved primarily in EAME and Asia/Pacific driven by higher end-user demand.
Transportation – Sales were lower primarily due to timing of locomotive deliveries.
Energy & Transportation’s profit was $1.021 billion in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of $48 million, or 5%, compared with $973 million in the third quarter of 2018. Lower sales volume, including an unfavorable mix of products, was more than offset by favorable other operating income/expense and SG&A/R&D expenses mostly due to a reduction in short-term incentive compensation expense.



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10


FINANCIAL PRODUCTS SEGMENT
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Revenues by Geographic Region
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 
$
Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
North America
 
$
560

 
$
559

 
$
1

 
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Latin America
 
79

 
68

 
11

 
16
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EAME
 
102

 
101

 
1

 
1
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Asia/Pacific
 
124

 
117

 
7

 
6
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total Revenues
 
$
865

 
$
845

 
$
20

 
2
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Third Quarter 2019
 
Third Quarter 2018
 

Change
 
%
Change
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Segment Profit
 
$
218

 
$
201

 
$
17

 
8
%
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Financial Products’ segment revenues were $865 million in the third quarter of 2019, an increase of $20 million, or 2%, from the third quarter of 2018. The increase was primarily due to higher average financing rates in North America and Asia/Pacific, partially offset by an unfavorable impact due to the absence of fees associated with an intercompany credit facility in North America.
Financial Products’ segment profit was $218 million in the third quarter of 2019, up 8% compared with $201 million in the third quarter of 2018. The favorable change was primarily due to an increase in net yield on average earning assets and a decrease in the provision for credit losses at Cat Financial, partially offset by unfavorable impacts from higher SG&A expenses, the mark-to-market on equity securities in Insurance Services and the absence of the intercompany credit facility.
At the end of the third quarter of 2019, past dues at Cat Financial were 3.19%, compared with 3.47% at the end of the third quarter of 2018. Write-offs, net of recoveries, were $103 million for the third quarter of 2019, compared with $40 million for the third quarter of 2018. The increase in write-offs, net of recoveries, was primarily driven by Caterpillar Power Finance, concentrated in the marine portfolio, and EAME, mostly in the Middle East. As of September 30, 2019, Cat Financial's allowance for credit losses totaled $434 million, or 1.57% of finance receivables, compared with $523 million, or 1.81% of finance receivables at June 30, 2019. The allowance for credit losses at year-end 2018 was $511 million, or 1.80% of finance receivables.
Corporate Items and Eliminations
Expense for corporate items and eliminations was $342 million in the third quarter of 2019, a decrease of $59 million from the third quarter of 2018, primarily due to lower restructuring costs.
Dealer Inventories and Order Backlog
Dealers decreased machine and engine inventories about $400 million during the third quarter of 2019, compared with an increase of about $800 million during the third quarter of 2018, led by Construction Industries and Resource Industries.
At the end of the third quarter of 2019, the order backlog was $14.6 billion, about $400 million lower than the second quarter of 2019.



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11


Notes
Glossary of terms is included on the Caterpillar website at http://www.caterpillar.com/investors/.
Information on non-GAAP financial measures is included in the appendix on page 21.
Caterpillar will conduct a teleconference and live webcast, with a slide presentation, beginning at 7:30 a.m. Central Time on Wednesday, October 23, 2019, to discuss its 2019 third-quarter financial results. The accompanying slides will be available before the webcast on the Caterpillar website at http://www.caterpillar.com/investors/events-and-presentations.
About Caterpillar
For more than 90 years, Caterpillar Inc. has been making sustainable progress possible and driving positive change on every continent. Customers turn to Caterpillar to help them develop infrastructure, energy and natural resource assets. With 2018 sales and revenues of $54.722 billion, Caterpillar is the world’s leading manufacturer of construction and mining equipment, diesel and natural gas engines, industrial gas turbines and diesel-electric locomotives. The company principally operates through its three primary segments - Construction Industries, Resource Industries and Energy & Transportation - and also provides financing and related services through its Financial Products segment. For more information, visit caterpillar.com. To connect with us on social media, visit caterpillar.com/social-media.
Forward-Looking Statements
Certain statements in this press release relate to future events and expectations and are forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Words such as “believe,” “estimate,” “will be,” “will,” “would,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “forecast,” “target,” “guide,” “project,” “intend,” “could,” “should” or other similar words or expressions often identify forward-looking statements. All statements other than statements of historical fact are forward-looking statements, including, without limitation, statements regarding our outlook, projections, forecasts or trend descriptions. These statements do not guarantee future performance and speak only as of the date they are made, and we do not undertake to update our forward-looking statements.
Caterpillar’s actual results may differ materially from those described or implied in our forward-looking statements based on a number of factors, including, but not limited to: (i) global and regional economic conditions and economic conditions in the industries we serve; (ii) commodity price changes, material price increases, fluctuations in demand for our products or significant shortages of material; (iii) government monetary or fiscal policies; (iv) political and economic risks, commercial instability and events beyond our control in the countries in which we operate; (v) international trade policies and their impact on demand for our products and our competitive position, including the imposition of new tariffs or changes in existing tariff rates; (vi) our ability to develop, produce and market quality products that meet our customers’ needs; (vii) the impact of the highly competitive environment in which we operate on our sales and pricing; (viii) information technology security threats and computer crime; (ix) inventory management decisions and sourcing practices of our dealers and our OEM customers; (x) a failure to realize, or a delay in realizing, all of the anticipated benefits of our acquisitions, joint ventures or divestitures; (xi) union disputes or other employee relations issues; (xii) adverse effects of unexpected events including natural disasters; (xiii) disruptions or volatility in global financial markets limiting our sources of liquidity or the liquidity of our customers, dealers and suppliers; (xiv) failure to maintain our credit ratings and potential resulting increases to our cost of borrowing and adverse effects on our cost of funds, liquidity, competitive position and access to capital markets; (xv) our Financial Products segment’s risks associated with the financial services industry; (xvi) changes in interest rates or market liquidity conditions; (xvii) an increase in delinquencies, repossessions or net losses of Cat Financial’s customers; (xviii) currency fluctuations; (xix) our or Cat Financial’s compliance with financial and other restrictive covenants in debt agreements; (xx) increased pension plan funding obligations; (xxi) alleged or actual violations of trade or anti-corruption laws and regulations; (xxii) additional tax expense or exposure, including the impact of U.S. tax reform; (xxiii) significant legal proceedings, claims, lawsuits or government investigations; (xxiv) new regulations or changes in financial services regulations; (xxv) compliance with environmental laws and regulations; and (xxvi) other factors described in more detail in Caterpillar’s Forms 10-Q, 10-K and other filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission.
Machinery, Energy & Transportation
Caterpillar defines Machinery, Energy & Transportation as it is presented in the supplemental data as Caterpillar Inc. and its subsidiaries with Financial Products accounted for on the equity basis. Machinery, Energy & Transportation information relates to the design, manufacture and marketing of Caterpillar products. Financial Products’ information relates to the financing to customers and dealers for the purchase and lease of Caterpillar and other equipment. The nature of these businesses is different, especially with regard to the financial position and cash flow items. Caterpillar management utilizes this presentation internally to highlight these differences. The company also believes this presentation will assist readers in understanding Caterpillar’s business. Pages 12-20 reconcile Machinery, Energy & Transportation with Financial Products on the equity basis to Caterpillar Inc. consolidated financial information.
Caterpillar’s latest financial results and outlook are also available online:
http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors.html
http://www.caterpillar.com/en/investors/quarterly-results.html (live broadcast/replays of quarterly conference call)
Caterpillar investor relations contact: Jennifer Driscoll, 224-551-4382 or Driscoll_Jennifer@cat.com
Caterpillar media contact: Kate Kenny, 224-551-4133 or Kenny_Kate@cat.com

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12


Caterpillar Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Results of Operations
(Unaudited)
(Dollars in millions except per share data)
 
Three Months Ended
September 30,
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Sales and revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
$
11,974

 
$
12,763

 
$
38,369

 
$
38,192

Revenues of Financial Products
784

 
747

 
2,287

 
2,188

Total sales and revenues
12,758

 
13,510

 
40,656

 
40,380

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs:
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

Cost of goods sold
8,569

 
9,022

 
27,513

 
27,010

Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,251

 
1,299

 
3,879

 
4,015

Research and development expenses
431

 
479

 
1,307

 
1,384

Interest expense of Financial Products
189

 
185

 
571

 
533

Other operating (income) expenses
298

 
390

 
946

 
1,028

Total operating costs
10,738

 
11,375

 
34,216

 
33,970

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating profit
2,020

 
2,135

 
6,440

 
6,410

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense excluding Financial Products
103

 
102

 
309

 
305

Other income (expense)
88

 
102

 
316

 
350

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated profit before taxes
2,005

 
2,135

 
6,447

 
6,455

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
518

 
415

 
1,470

 
1,377

Profit of consolidated companies
1,487

 
1,720

 
4,977

 
5,078

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies
7

 
7

 
20

 
21

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies
1,494

 
1,727

 
4,997

 
5,099

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Less: Profit (loss) attributable to noncontrolling interests

 

 
2

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit 1
$
1,494

 
$
1,727

 
$
4,995

 
$
5,099

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Profit per common share
$
2.69

 
$
2.92

 
$
8.84

 
$
8.57

Profit per common share — diluted 2
$
2.66

 
$
2.88

 
$
8.75

 
$
8.45

 
 
 
 
 


 


Weighted-average common shares outstanding (millions)
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
– Basic
556.3

 
592.1

 
565.2

 
595.3

– Diluted 2
561.2

 
599.4

 
570.8

 
603.8

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1 
Profit attributable to common shareholders.
2 
Diluted by assumed exercise of stock-based compensation awards using the treasury stock method.

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13


Caterpillar Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Financial Position
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)
 
September 30,
2019
 
December 31,
2018
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 

Cash and short-term investments
$
7,906

 
$
7,857

Receivables – trade and other
8,275

 
8,802

Receivables – finance
9,192

 
8,650

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
1,607

 
1,765

Inventories
12,180

 
11,529

Total current assets
39,160

 
38,603

 
 
 
 
Property, plant and equipment – net
12,842

 
13,574

Long-term receivables – trade and other
1,193

 
1,161

Long-term receivables – finance
12,412

 
13,286

Noncurrent deferred and refundable income taxes
1,372

 
1,439

Intangible assets
1,630

 
1,897

Goodwill
6,142

 
6,217

Other assets
3,242

 
2,332

Total assets
$
77,993

 
$
78,509

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 
 
 

Current liabilities:
 
 
 

Short-term borrowings:
 
 
 

-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation
$

 
$

-- Financial Products
4,268

 
5,723

Accounts payable
6,141

 
7,051

Accrued expenses
3,727

 
3,573

Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits
1,518

 
2,384

Customer advances
1,309

 
1,243

Dividends payable

 
495

Other current liabilities
2,188

 
1,919

Long-term debt due within one year:
 

 
 

-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation
25

 
10

-- Financial Products
8,025

 
5,820

Total current liabilities
27,201

 
28,218

 
 
 
 
Long-term debt due after one year:
 
 
 

-- Machinery, Energy & Transportation
9,134

 
8,005

-- Financial Products
16,454

 
16,995

Liability for postemployment benefits
5,900

 
7,455

Other liabilities
4,311

 
3,756

Total liabilities
63,000

 
64,429

 
 
 
 
Shareholders’ equity
 
 
 

Common stock
5,951

 
5,827

Treasury stock
(23,693
)
 
(20,531
)
Profit employed in the business
34,477

 
30,427

Accumulated other comprehensive income (loss)
(1,783
)
 
(1,684
)
Noncontrolling interests
41

 
41

Total shareholders’ equity
14,993

 
14,080

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity
$
77,993

 
$
78,509



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14


Caterpillar Inc.
Condensed Consolidated Statement of Cash Flow
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)
 
Nine Months Ended
September 30,
 
2019
 
2018
Cash flow from operating activities:
 
 
 
Profit of consolidated and affiliated companies
$
4,997

 
$
5,099

Adjustments for non-cash items:
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
1,933

 
2,065

Other
627

 
630

Changes in assets and liabilities, net of acquisitions and divestitures:
 

 
 

Receivables – trade and other
427

 
(725
)
Inventories
(676
)
 
(1,822
)
Accounts payable
(669
)
 
496

Accrued expenses
114

 
(32
)
Accrued wages, salaries and employee benefits
(858
)
 
(418
)
Customer advances
169

 
59

Other assets – net
3

 
394

Other liabilities – net
(1,589
)
 
(1,271
)
Net cash provided by (used for) operating activities
4,478

 
4,475

Cash flow from investing activities:
 
 
 

Capital expenditures – excluding equipment leased to others
(723
)
 
(921
)
Expenditures for equipment leased to others
(1,133
)
 
(1,208
)
Proceeds from disposals of leased assets and property, plant and equipment
812

 
732

Additions to finance receivables
(9,453
)
 
(9,092
)
Collections of finance receivables
9,144

 
8,032

Proceeds from sale of finance receivables
183

 
416

Investments and acquisitions (net of cash acquired)
(6
)
 
(357
)
Proceeds from sale of businesses and investments (net of cash sold)
3

 
14

Proceeds from sale of securities
281

 
363

Investments in securities
(425
)
 
(417
)
Other – net
(37
)
 
24

Net cash provided by (used for) investing activities
(1,354
)
 
(2,414
)
Cash flow from financing activities:
 
 
 

Dividends paid
(1,564
)
 
(1,444
)
Common stock issued, including treasury shares reissued
59

 
292

Common shares repurchased
(3,283
)
 
(2,000
)
Proceeds from debt issued (original maturities greater than three months)
8,827

 
7,073

Payments on debt (original maturities greater than three months)
(6,062
)
 
(5,642
)
Short-term borrowings – net (original maturities three months or less)
(1,006
)
 
(465
)
Other – net
(2
)
 
(32
)
Net cash provided by (used for) financing activities
(3,031
)
 
(2,218
)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
(47
)
 
(117
)
Increase (decrease) in cash and short-term investments and restricted cash
46

 
(274
)
Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at beginning of period
7,890

 
8,320

Cash and short-term investments and restricted cash at end of period
$
7,936

 
$
8,046

All short-term investments, which consist primarily of highly liquid investments with original maturities of three months or less, are considered to be cash equivalents.


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15


Caterpillar Inc.
Supplemental Data for Results of Operations
For the Three Months Ended September 30, 2019
(Unaudited)
(Millions of dollars)
 
 
 
Supplemental Consolidating Data
 
 
Consolidated
 
Machinery,
Energy &
Transportation
1
 
Financial
Products
 
Consolidating
Adjustments
 
Sales and revenues:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Sales of Machinery, Energy & Transportation
$
11,974

 
$
11,974

 
$

 
$

 
Revenues of Financial Products
784

 

 
920

 
(136
)
2 

Total sales and revenues
12,758

 
11,974

 
920

 
(136
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating costs:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
Cost of goods sold
8,569

 
8,569

 

 

 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
1,251

 
1,095

 
163

 
(7
)
3 

Research and development expenses
431

 
431

 

 

 
Interest expense of Financial Products
189

 

 
198

 
(9
)
4 

Other operating (income) expenses
298

 
(9
)
 
320

 
(13
)
3 

Total operating costs
10,738

 
10,086

 
681

 
(29
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Operating profit
2,020

 
1,888

 
239

 
(107
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense excluding Financial Products
103

 
103

 

 

 
Other income (expense)
88

 
(27
)
 
8

 
107

5 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Consolidated profit before taxes
2,005

 
1,758

 
247

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Provision (benefit) for income taxes
518

 
457

 
61

 

 
Profit of consolidated companies
1,487

 
1,301

 
186

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Equity in profit (loss) of unconsolidated affiliated companies
7

 
7

 

 

 
Equity in profit of Financial Products’ subsidiaries

 
180

 

 
(180
)
6