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News Release                                         
 
 
 
American Homes 4 Rent Reports Second Quarter 2018 Financial and Operating Results
AGOURA HILLS, Calif., August 2, 2018—American Homes 4 Rent (NYSE: AMH) (the “Company”), a leading provider of high quality single-family homes for rent, today announced its financial and operating results for the quarter ended June 30, 2018.
Highlights
Total revenues increased 11.6% to $264.5 million for the second quarter of 2018 from $237.0 million for the second quarter of 2017.
Net loss attributable to common shareholders totaled $15.2 million, or a $0.05 loss per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2018, compared to a net loss attributable to common shareholders of $0.2 million, or a $0.00 loss per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2017.
Core Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders for the second quarter of 2018 was $93.6 million, or $0.27 per FFO share and unit, compared to $81.5 million, or $0.26 per FFO share and unit, for the same period in 2017, which represents a 3.8% increase on a per share and unit basis.
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders for the second quarter of 2018 was $82.0 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, compared to $71.2 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, for the same period in 2017.
Core Net Operating Income ("Core NOI") margin on Same-Home properties was 64.4% for the second quarter of 2018, compared to 64.8% for the same period in 2017.
Core NOI after capital expenditures from Same-Home properties increased by 3.5% year-over-year for the second quarter of 2018.
Same-Home portfolio occupancy percentage increased to 96.6% as of June 30, 2018, from 96.0% as of March 31, 2018, while achieving 3.5% growth in average monthly realized rent per property for the second quarter of 2018, compared to the same period in 2017.
Redeemed the Series C participating preferred shares through a conversion into 10,848,827 Class A common shares (see "Capital Activities and Balance Sheet").
Paid down the term loan facility by $100.0 million and paid off the $48.4 million secured note payable in full.

“As we celebrate our fifth anniversary as a public company, we continue to demonstrate the power of our national operating platform and best-in-class team,” stated David Singelyn, American Homes 4 Rent's Chief Executive Officer. “During the second quarter, we had one of our strongest leasing periods ever, achieving a record high Same-Home portfolio occupancy of 96.6%, while driving blended lease spreads of 4.9%. As we look to the balance of the year, all areas of our diversified geographic portfolio remain healthy and we are confident that we can build off of our successful first half results. Further, our investment grade balance sheet and strong liquidity profile provide us with ample capacity to continue to accretively grow our portfolio and drive strong cash flow growth and value creation for our shareholders through the remainder of 2018 and beyond.”
Second Quarter 2018 Financial Results
Net loss attributable to common shareholders totaled $15.2 million, or a $0.05 loss per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2018, compared to a net loss attributable to common shareholders of $0.2 million, or a $0.00 loss per diluted share, for the second quarter of 2017. This decrease was primarily attributable to a noncash charge related to the redemption of the Series C participating preferred shares through a conversion into Class A common shares, partially offset by higher revenues resulting from a larger number of leased properties and higher rental rates.

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Total revenues increased 11.6% to $264.5 million for the second quarter of 2018 from $237.0 million for the second quarter of 2017. Revenue growth was primarily driven by continued strong acquisition and leasing activity, as our average leased portfolio grew to 47,849 homes for the quarter ended June 30, 2018, compared to 45,687 homes for the quarter ended June 30, 2017.
Core NOI on our total portfolio increased 10.7% to $145.8 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $131.7 million for the second quarter of 2017. This increase was primarily due to growth in rental income resulting from a larger number of leased properties.
Core revenues from Same-Home properties increased 3.7% to $172.8 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $166.6 million for the second quarter of 2017. This growth was primarily driven by a 3.5% increase in average monthly realized rents and a 0.4% increase in average occupied days percentage. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties increased 5.0% from $58.6 million for the second quarter of 2017, to $61.6 million for the second quarter of 2018, which was primarily attributable to higher turnover costs incurred during April 2018, as the Company completed its previously communicated first quarter 2018 initiative to strengthen occupancy.
Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 3.1% to $111.2 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $107.9 million for the second quarter of 2017. After capital expenditures, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 3.5% to $104.5 million for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $101.0 million for the second quarter of 2017. The increases in Core NOI from Same-Home properties and Core NOI after Capital Expenditures from Same-Home properties were primarily attributable to increases in rental revenue driven by higher average occupied days percentage and average monthly realized rents during the second quarter of 2018.
Core Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders ("Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders") was $93.6 million, or $0.27 per FFO share and unit, for the second quarter of 2018, compared to $81.5 million, or $0.26 per FFO share and unit, for the second quarter of 2017. Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders ("Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders") for the second quarter of 2018 was $82.0 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, compared to $71.2 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, for the second quarter of 2017. This improvement was primarily attributable to increases in rental revenue driven by a larger number of leased properties and higher rental rates.
Year-to-Date 2018 Financial Results
Net loss attributable to common shareholders totaled $9.3 million, or a $0.03 loss per diluted share, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, compared to a net loss attributable to common shareholders of $1.7 million, or a $0.01 loss per diluted share, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2017. This decrease was primarily attributable to a noncash charge related to the redemption of the Series C participating preferred shares through a conversion into Class A common shares, partially offset by higher revenues resulting from a larger number of leased properties and higher rental rates.
Total revenues increased 11.0% to $522.5 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, from $470.8 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2017. Revenue growth was primarily driven by continued strong leasing activity, as our average leased portfolio grew to 47,564 homes for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to 45,391 homes for the six months ended June 30, 2017.
Core NOI on our total portfolio increased 7.4% to $282.9 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, compared to $263.5 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2017. This increase was primarily due to growth in rental income resulting from a larger number of leased properties.

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Core revenues from Same-Home properties increased 3.5% to $342.8 million for the six-month period ended ended June 30, 2018, compared to $331.3 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2017. This growth was primarily driven by a 3.7% increase in average monthly realized rents. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties increased 7.1% from $114.4 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2017, to $122.5 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, which was primarily attributable to temporarily elevated turnover costs through April 2018, incurred as part of the Company's initiative to strengthen occupancy.
Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 1.6% to $220.2 million for the six months ended June 30, 2018, compared to $216.9 million for the six months ended June 30, 2017. After capital expenditures, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 1.4% to $207.6 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, from $204.7 million for the six-month period ended June 30, 2017. The increases in Core NOI from Same-Home properties and Core NOI After Capital Expenditures from Same-Home properties were primarily attributable to increases in rental revenue driven by higher rental rates during the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, offset by higher R&M and turnover costs during the six-month period ended June 30, 2018.
Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $178.5 million, or $0.51 per FFO share and unit, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, compared to $158.2 million, or $0.51 per FFO share and unit, for the six-month period ended June 30, 2017. Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for the six-month period ended June 30, 2018, was $156.8 million, or $0.45 per FFO share and unit, compared to $140.1 million, or $0.45 per FFO share and unit, for the same period in 2017.
Portfolio
As of June 30, 2018, the Company had a total leased percentage of 96.3%, compared to 95.5% as of March 31, 2018. The leased percentage on Same-Home properties was 97.1% as of June 30, 2018, compared to 97.2% as of March 31, 2018.
Investments
As of June 30, 2018, the Company’s total portfolio consisted of 52,049 homes, including 2,209 properties to be disposed, compared to 51,840 homes as of March 31, 2018, including 1,892 properties to be disposed, an increase of 209 homes, which included 108 properties acquired through traditional acquisition channels, 215 newly constructed properties delivered through our AMH Development and National Builder Programs and 114 homes sold or rescinded.
Capital Activities and Balance Sheet
During the second quarter of 2018, the Company paid down the term loan facility by $100.0 million and paid off the outstanding principal on the secured note payable of approximately $48.4 million.
On April 5, 2018, the Company redeemed all 7,600,000 shares of the outstanding 5.5% Series C participating preferred shares through a conversion into 10,848,827 Class A common shares, based on a conversion ratio of 1.4275 Class A common shares issued per Series C participating preferred share. As a result, the Company recorded a $32.2 million allocation of income to the Series C participating preferred shareholders, representing the initial liquidation value of the Series C participating preferred shares in excess of the original equity carrying value of the Series C participating preferred shares as of the redemption date.
As of June 30, 2018, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $53.5 million and had total outstanding debt of $2.7 billion, excluding unamortized discounts, the value of exchangeable senior notes classified within equity and unamortized deferred financing costs, with a weighted-average interest rate of 4.20% and a weighted-average term to maturity of 14.2 years. The Company had no outstanding borrowings on our $800.0 million revolving credit facility and had $100.0 million of outstanding borrowings on our term loan facility at the end of the quarter.

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2018 Outlook
 
Full Year 2018
 
Same-Home
Previous Guidance
 
Current Guidance
 
Average Occupied Days Percentage
94.5% - 95.5%
 
95.0% - 95.5%
 
Core revenues growth
3.5% - 4.5%
 
4.0% - 4.5%
 
Property tax expense growth
3.5% - 4.5%
 
2.75% - 3.75%
 
Average R&M and turnover costs, net, plus Recurring Capital Expenditures per property
$1,950 - $2,100
 
$2,050 - $2,150
(1)
Core property operating expenses growth
4.0% - 5.0%
 
5.0% - 6.0%
(2)
 
 
 
 
 
Core NOI margin
64.0% - 65.0%
 
64.0% - 65.0%
 
Core NOI After Capital Expenditures growth
3.0% - 4.0%
 
3.25% - 3.75%
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property Enhancing Capex
$8 - $12 million
 
$8 - $12 million
 
 
 
 
 
 
General and administrative expense, excluding noncash share-based compensation
$33.5 - $35.5 million
 
$34.5 - $35.5 million
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition and development volume
$400 - $600 million
 
$500 - $600 million
 

(1)
Revised due to elevated turnover costs on vacant units incurred as part of the Company’s strategic initiative to strengthen occupancy. 
(2)
Increased to reflect higher R&M and turnover costs, net, plus Recurring Capital Expenditures, with a larger proportion of these costs now expected to be expensed, rather than capitalized, which is expected to be offset, in part, by lower growth in Recurring Capital Expenditures. 
Note: The Company does not provide guidance for the most comparable GAAP financial measures of net income or loss, total revenues and property operating expenses, or a reconciliation of the above-listed forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures because we are unable to reasonably predict certain items contained in the GAAP measures, including non-recurring and infrequent items that are not indicative of the Company's ongoing operations. Such items include, but are not limited to, net gain or loss on sales and impairment of single-family properties, casualty loss, Non-Same-Home revenues and Non-Same-Home property operating expenses. These items are uncertain, depend on various factors and could have a material impact on our GAAP results for the guidance period.
Additional Information
A copy of the Company’s Second Quarter 2018 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package and this press release are available on our website at www.americanhomes4rent.com. This information has also been furnished to the SEC in a current report on Form 8-K.
Conference Call
A conference call is scheduled on Friday, August 3, 2018, at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss the Company’s financial results for the quarter ended June 30, 2018, and to provide an update on its business. The domestic dial-in number is (877) 451-6152 (for U.S. and Canada) and the international dial-in number is (201) 389-0879 (passcode not required). A simultaneous audio webcast may be accessed by using the link at www.americanhomes4rent.com, under “For Investors.” A replay of the conference call may be accessed through Friday, August 17, 2018, by calling (844) 512-2921 (U.S. and Canada) or (412) 317-6671 (international), replay passcode number 13681377#, or by using the link at www.americanhomes4rent.com, under “For Investors.”

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About American Homes 4 Rent
American Homes 4 Rent (NYSE: AMH) is a leader in the single-family home rental industry and “American Homes 4 Rent” is fast becoming a nationally recognized brand for rental homes, known for high quality, good value and tenant satisfaction. We are an internally managed Maryland real estate investment trust, or REIT, focused on acquiring, renovating, leasing, and operating attractive, single-family homes as rental properties. As of June 30, 2018, we owned 52,049 single-family properties in selected submarkets in 22 states.
Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains “forward-looking statements.” These forward-looking statements relate to beliefs, expectations or intentions and similar statements concerning matters that are not of historical fact and are generally accompanied by words such as “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “potential,” “plan,” “goal,” "outlook" or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. Examples of forward-looking statements contained in this press release include, among others, our belief that our acquisition and homebuilding programs will result in continued growth and that we will continue to expand margins. The Company has based these forward-looking statements on its current expectations and assumptions about future events. While the Company's management considers these expectations to be reasonable, they are inherently subject to risks, contingencies and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond the Company’s control and could cause actual results to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to conform to actual results or changes in its expectations, unless required by applicable law. For a further description of the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, as well as risks relating to the business of the Company in general, see the “Risk Factors” disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2017, and in the Company’s subsequent filings with the SEC.

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American Homes 4 Rent
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
 
June 30, 2018
 
December 31, 2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 

 
 

Single-family properties:
 

 
 

Land
$
1,670,214

 
$
1,665,631

Buildings and improvements
7,276,606

 
7,303,270

Single-family properties held for sale, net
284,012

 
35,803

 
9,230,832

 
9,004,704

Less: accumulated depreciation
(1,046,911
)
 
(939,724
)
Single-family properties, net
8,183,921

 
8,064,980

Cash and cash equivalents
53,504

 
46,156

Restricted cash
159,010

 
136,667

Rent and other receivables, net
28,049

 
30,144

Escrow deposits, prepaid expenses and other assets
246,877

 
171,851

Deferred costs and other intangibles, net
13,142

 
13,025

Asset-backed securitization certificates
25,666

 
25,666

Goodwill
120,279

 
120,279

Total assets
$
8,830,448

 
$
8,608,768

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 

 
 

Revolving credit facility
$

 
$
140,000

Term loan facility, net
99,120

 
198,023

Asset-backed securitizations, net
1,969,322

 
1,977,308

Unsecured senior notes, net
492,406

 

Exchangeable senior notes, net
113,533

 
111,697

Secured note payable

 
48,859

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
282,734

 
222,867

Amounts payable to affiliates
4,571

 
4,720

Participating preferred shares derivative liability

 
29,470

Total liabilities
2,961,686

 
2,732,944

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Equity
 

 
 

Shareholders’ equity:
 

 
 

Class A common shares, $0.01 par value per share, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 295,383,159 and 286,114,637 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively
2,954

 
2,861

Class B common shares, $0.01 par value per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 635,075 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017
6

 
6

Preferred shares, $0.01 par value per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 30,750,000 and 38,350,000 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2018, and December 31, 2017, respectively
308

 
384

Additional paid-in capital
5,630,321

 
5,600,256

Accumulated deficit
(494,326
)
 
(453,953
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
9,267

 
75

Total shareholders’ equity
5,148,530

 
5,149,629

Noncontrolling interest
720,232

 
726,195

Total equity
5,868,762

 
5,875,824

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and equity
$
8,830,448

 
$
8,608,768



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American Homes 4 Rent
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
(Unaudited)
 
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
Revenues:
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Rents from single-family properties
$
227,211

 
$
204,648

 
$
445,234

 
$
405,755

Fees from single-family properties
2,754

 
2,690

 
5,587

 
5,294

Tenant charge-backs
32,917

 
27,382

 
68,724

 
55,755

Other
1,601

 
2,288

 
2,942

 
3,958

Total revenues
264,483

 
237,008

 
522,487

 
470,762

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses:
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Property operating expenses
98,843

 
85,954

 
199,830

 
169,259

Property management expenses
18,616

 
17,442

 
37,603

 
34,920

General and administrative expense
9,677

 
8,926

 
18,908

 
18,221

Interest expense
31,978

 
28,392

 
61,279

 
60,281

Acquisition fees and costs expensed
1,321

 
1,412

 
2,632

 
2,508

Depreciation and amortization
78,319

 
72,716

 
157,622

 
146,669

Other
1,624

 
1,359

 
2,451

 
2,917

Total expenses
240,378

 
216,201

 
480,325

 
434,775

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of single-family properties and other, net
3,240

 
2,454

 
5,496

 
4,480

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
(1,447
)
 
(6,555
)
 
(1,447
)
 
(6,555
)
Remeasurement of participating preferred shares

 
(1,640
)
 
1,212

 
(7,050
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
25,898

 
15,066

 
47,423

 
26,862

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest
(3,150
)
 
(30
)
 
(2,036
)
 
(331
)
Dividends on preferred shares
11,984

 
15,282

 
26,581

 
28,869

Redemption of participating preferred shares
32,215

 

 
32,215

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(15,151
)
 
$
(186
)
 
$
(9,337
)
 
$
(1,676
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding─basic and diluted
295,462,572

 
258,900,456

 
290,848,633

 
251,685,993

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss attributable to common shareholders per share─basic and diluted
$
(0.05
)
 
$

 
$
(0.03
)
 
$
(0.01
)
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This press release and the Second Quarter 2018 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package include Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders ("FFO attributable to common share and unit holders"), Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Core NOI, Same-Home Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures, which are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe these measures are helpful in understanding our financial performance and are widely used in the REIT industry. Because other REITs may not compute these financial measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs. In addition, these metrics are not substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities, as defined by GAAP, as measures of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the

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most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in this press release and in the Second Quarter 2018 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package.
Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders
The following is a reconciliation of net income or loss attributable to common shareholders to FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 (amounts in thousands, except share and per share data):
 
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
Net loss attributable to common shareholders
$
(15,151
)
 
$
(186
)
 
$
(9,337
)
 
$
(1,676
)
Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership
(2,902
)
 
(31
)
 
(1,777
)
 
(370
)
Net (gain) on sale / impairment of single-family properties and other
(1,704
)
 
(896
)
 
(3,260
)
 
(1,993
)
Depreciation and amortization
78,319

 
72,716

 
157,622

 
146,669

Less: depreciation and amortization of non-real estate assets
(1,787
)
 
(1,748
)
 
(3,617
)
 
(4,297
)
FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
56,775

 
$
69,855

 
$
139,631

 
$
138,333

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition fees and costs expensed
1,321

 
1,412

 
2,632

 
2,508

Noncash share-based compensation - general and administrative
520

 
697

 
1,118

 
1,218

Noncash share-based compensation - property management
423

 
424

 
800

 
841

Noncash interest expense related to acquired debt
937

 
874

 
1,837

 
1,714

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
1,447

 
6,555

 
1,447

 
6,555

Remeasurement of participating preferred shares

 
1,640

 
(1,212
)
 
7,050

Redemption of participating preferred shares
32,215

 

 
32,215

 

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
93,638

 
$
81,457

 
$
178,468

 
$
158,219

Recurring capital expenditures (1)
(8,489
)
 
(8,342
)
 
(15,875
)
 
(14,739
)
Leasing costs
(3,111
)
 
(1,919
)
 
(5,834
)
 
(3,401
)
Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
82,038

 
$
71,196

 
$
156,759

 
$
140,079

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per FFO share and unit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
0.16

 
$
0.22

 
$
0.40

 
$
0.45

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
0.27

 
$
0.26

 
$
0.51

 
$
0.51

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
0.23

 
$
0.23

 
$
0.45

 
$
0.45

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average FFO shares and units:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common shares outstanding
295,462,572

 
258,900,456

 
290,848,633

 
251,685,993

Share-based compensation plan (2)
587,270

 
756,166

 
584,330

 
746,895

Operating partnership units
55,350,153

 
55,550,593

 
55,350,153

 
55,553,262

Total weighted-average FFO shares and units
351,399,995

 
315,207,215

 
346,783,116

 
307,986,150

(1)
As a portion of our homes are recently acquired and/or renovated, we estimate recurring capital expenditures for our entire portfolio by multiplying (a) current period actual recurring capital expenditures per Same-Home Property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding non-stabilized properties and properties to be disposed, which are comprised of properties identified for future sale as part of the Company's disposition program and properties classified as held for sale.
(2)
Reflects the effect of potentially dilutive securities issuable upon the assumed vesting / exercise of restricted stock units and stock options.
FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we calculate in accordance with the White Paper on FFO approved by the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”), which defines FFO as net income or loss calculated in accordance with GAAP, excluding extraordinary items, as defined by GAAP,

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gains and losses from sales or impairment of real estate, plus real estate-related depreciation and amortization (excluding amortization of deferred financing costs and depreciation of non-real estate assets), and after adjustment for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.
Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) acquisition fees and costs expensed incurred with business combinations and the acquisition of individual properties, (2) noncash share-based compensation expense, (3) noncash interest expense related to acquired debt, (4) hurricane-related charges, net, (5) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt, (6) noncash gain or loss on redemption or conversion of shares or units and (7) noncash fair value adjustments associated with remeasuring our participating preferred shares derivative liability to fair value.
Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) recurring capital expenditures that are necessary to help preserve the value and maintain functionality of our properties and (2) actual leasing costs incurred during the period. As a portion of our homes are recently acquired and/or renovated, we estimate recurring capital expenditures for our entire portfolio by multiplying (a) current period actual recurring capital expenditures per Same-Home Property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding non-stabilized properties and properties to be disposed, which are comprised of properties identified for future sale as part of the Company's disposition program and properties classified as held for sale.
We present FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, because we consider this metric to be an important measure of the performance of real estate companies, as do many investors and analysts in evaluating the Company. We believe that FFO attributable to common share and unit holders provides useful information to investors because this metric excludes depreciation, which is included in computing net income and assumes the value of real estate diminishes predictably over time. We believe that real estate values fluctuate due to market conditions and in response to inflation. We also believe that Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, provide useful information to investors because they allow investors to compare our operating performance to prior reporting periods without the effect of certain items that, by nature, are not comparable from period to period.
FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders are not a substitute for net income or loss per share or net cash flow provided by operating activities, as determined in accordance with GAAP, as a measure of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. These metrics also are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund future cash needs. Because other REITs may not compute these measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs.
Core Net Operating Income
Core NOI, which we also present separately for our Same-Home portfolio, is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that we define as core revenues, which is calculated as rents and fees from single-family properties, net of bad debt expense, less core property operating expenses, which is calculated as property operating and property management expenses, excluding noncash share-based compensation expense, expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs and bad debt expense. Our Same-Home portfolio consists of our single-family properties that have been stabilized longer than 90 days prior to the beginning of the earliest period presented, and that have not been classified as held for sale, identified for future sale or taken out of service as a result of a casualty loss.
Core NOI also excludes (1) noncash fair value adjustments associated with remeasuring our participating preferred shares derivative liability to fair value, (2) noncash gain or loss on conversion of shares or units, (3) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt, (4) hurricane-related charges, net, (5) gain or loss on sales of single-family properties and other, (6) depreciation and amortization, (7) acquisition fees and costs expensed incurred with business combinations and the acquisition of individual properties, (8) noncash share-based compensation expense, (9) interest expense, (10) general and administrative expense, (11) other expenses and (12) other revenues. We believe Core NOI provides useful information to investors about the operating performance of our single-family properties without the impact of certain operating expenses that are reimbursed through tenant charge-backs. We further adjust Core NOI for our Same-Home portfolio by subtracting recurring capital expenditures to calculate Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures, which we believe provides useful information to investors because it more fully reflects our operating performance after the impact of all property-level expenditures, regardless of whether they are capitalized or expensed.

9


ah4rlogoregistereda12.jpg

Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures should be considered only as supplements to net income or loss as a measure of our performance and should not be used as measures of our liquidity, nor are they indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to pay dividends or make distributions. Additionally, these metrics should not be used as substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities (as computed in accordance with GAAP).
The following are reconciliations of core revenues, core property operating expenses, Core NOI, Same-Home Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures to their respective GAAP metrics for the three and six months ended June 30, 2018 and 2017 (amounts in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended
June 30,
 
For the Six Months Ended
June 30,
 
2018
 
2017
 
2018
 
2017
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
Core revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
$
264,483

 
$
237,008

 
$
522,487

 
$
470,762

Tenant charge-backs
(32,917
)
 
(27,382
)
 
(68,724
)
 
(55,755
)
Bad debt expense
(1,616
)
 
(1,333
)
 
(3,616
)
 
(2,843
)
Other revenues
(1,601
)
 
(2,288
)
 
(2,942
)
 
(3,958
)
Core revenues
$
228,349

 
$
206,005

 
$
447,205

 
$
408,206

Core property operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
$
98,843

 
$
85,954

 
$
199,830

 
$
169,259

Property management expenses
18,616

 
17,442

 
37,603

 
34,920

Noncash share-based compensation - property management
(423
)
 
(424
)
 
(800
)
 
(841
)
Expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs
(32,917
)
 
(27,382
)
 
(68,724
)
 
(55,755
)
Bad debt expense
(1,616
)
 
(1,333
)
 
(3,616
)
 
(2,843
)
Core property operating expenses
$
82,503

 
$
74,257

 
$
164,293

 
$
144,740

Core NOI, Same-Home Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures
Net income
$
25,898

 
$
15,066

 
$
47,423

 
$
26,862

Remeasurement of participating preferred shares

 
1,640

 
(1,212
)
 
7,050

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
1,447

 
6,555

 
1,447

 
6,555

Gain on sale of single-family properties and other, net
(3,240
)
 
(2,454
)
 
(5,496
)
 
(4,480
)
Depreciation and amortization
78,319

 
72,716

 
157,622

 
146,669

Acquisition fees and costs expensed
1,321

 
1,412

 
2,632

 
2,508

Noncash share-based compensation - property management
423

 
424

 
800

 
841

Interest expense
31,978

 
28,392

 
61,279

 
60,281

General and administrative expense
9,677

 
8,926

 
18,908

 
18,221

Other expenses
1,624

 
1,359

 
2,451

 
2,917

Other revenues
(1,601
)
 
(2,288
)
 
(2,942
)
 
(3,958
)
Tenant charge-backs
32,917

 
27,382

 
68,724

 
55,755

Expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs
(32,917
)
 
(27,382
)
 
(68,724
)
 
(55,755
)
Bad debt expense excluded from operating expenses
1,616

 
1,333

 
3,616

 
2,843

Bad debt expense included in revenues
(1,616
)
 
(1,333
)
 
(3,616
)
 
(2,843
)
Core NOI
145,846

 
131,748

 
282,912

 
263,466

Less: Non-Same-Home Core NOI
34,617

 
23,820

 
62,669

 
46,598

Same-Home Core NOI
111,229

 
107,928

 
220,243

 
216,868

Less: Same-Home recurring capital expenditures
6,711

 
6,907

 
12,633

 
12,177

Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures
$
104,518

 
$
101,021

 
$
207,610

 
$
204,691

Contact:
American Homes 4 Rent
Investor Relations
Phone: (855) 794-2447
Email: investors@ah4r.com

10

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