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News Release                                         
 
 
 
American Homes 4 Rent Reports Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2017 Financial and Operating Results
AGOURA HILLS, Calif., Feb. 22, 2018—American Homes 4 Rent (NYSE: AMH) (the “Company”), a leading provider of high quality single-family homes for rent, today announced its financial and operating results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2017.
Highlights
Total revenues increased 6.7% to $242.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2017 from $227.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2016.
Net loss attributable to common shareholders totaled $22.0 million, and a $0.08 loss per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to net income attributable to common shareholders of $2.4 million, and a $0.01 loss per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2016.
Core Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders for the fourth quarter of 2017 was $89.4 million, or $0.26 per FFO share and unit, compared to $75.9 million, or $0.26 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2016.
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders for the fourth quarter of 2017 was $79.8 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, compared to $67.7 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, for the same period in 2016.
Core Net Operating Income ("Core NOI") margin on Same-Home properties was 64.9% for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to 65.2% for the same period in 2016.
Core NOI after capital expenditures from Same-Home properties increased by 1.5% year-over-year for the quarter ended December 31, 2017.
Same-Home portfolio leasing percentage increased to 95.7% as of December 31, 2017, from 95.2% as of September 30, 2017, while achieving 3.1% growth in average monthly realized rent per property for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to the same period in 2016.
Redeemed the Series A and B participating preferred shares through a conversion into 12,398,276 Class A common shares (see "Capital Activities and Balance Sheet").
In February 2018, issued $500.0 million of 4.25% unsecured senior notes due 2028, which have been effectively hedged at 4.08% through the use of a treasury lock (see “Capital Activities and Balance Sheet”).

“American Homes 4 Rent completed a successful year, generating a 6% improvement in annual Core NOI after capital expenditures from our comparable Same-Home pool by improving Core NOI margins by 130 basis points to 64.5% through further efficiencies from our industry-leading, mature platform," stated David Singelyn, Chief Executive Officer. "We also obtained the first and only investment grade ratings in the single-family rental sector, and have demonstrated the benefit of those ratings in our inaugural issuance of unsecured corporate debt. Looking forward to 2018, I remain bullish on our future based on the strength of fundamentals in the single-family rental sector that provide us with a strong macro tailwind to further expand our existing portfolio cash flows, execute on our strategic external growth plans and create value for our shareholders.”

Fourth Quarter 2017 Financial Results

During the quarter, the Company released newly defined average occupancy, rental rate and capital expenditure metrics, which management believes provide better clarity into our underlying leasing results and operating performance. These metric changes include: (1) replacement of average occupancy percentage with average occupied days percentage, (2) replacement of

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average contractual monthly rent as of period end with average monthly realized rent per property and (3) additional disclosures around previously reported capital expenditures to distinguish between recurring capital expenditures and property enhancing capex. Full definitions of these new metrics, along with historical quarterly disclosure under the new methodology can be found in the Company’s Fourth Quarter 2017 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package.
Net loss attributable to common shareholders totaled $22.0 million, and a $0.08 loss per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to net income attributable to common shareholders of $2.4 million, and a $0.01 loss per diluted share, for the fourth quarter of 2016. This decrease was primarily attributable to the redemption of the Series A and Series B participating preferred shares through a conversion into Class A common shares, partially offset by higher revenues and lower interest expense.
Total revenues increased 6.7% to $242.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2017 from $227.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2016. Revenue growth was primarily driven by continued strong acquisition and leasing activity, as our average leased portfolio grew to 46,511 homes for the quarter ended December 31, 2017, compared to 44,772 homes for the quarter ended December 31, 2016.
Core NOI on our total portfolio increased 5.9% to $136.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to $129.1 million for the fourth quarter of 2016. This increase was primarily due to growth in rental income resulting from a larger number of leased properties.
Core revenues from Same-Home properties increased 2.1% to $159.5 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to $156.2 million for the fourth quarter of 2016. This growth was driven by a 3.1% increase in average monthly realized rents, offset by a 0.8% decline in average occupied days percentage caused by excess vacant inventory carried over from the third quarter of 2017. Note that we experienced strong leasing activity during the fourth quarter of 2017 and improved the leased percentage on Same-Home properties by 50 basis points to 95.7% as of December 31, 2017, from 95.2% as of September 30, 2017. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties increased 3.0% to $55.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to $54.3 million for the fourth quarter of 2016. This increase was primarily attributable to the timing of property tax expense and increased R&M and turnover costs, net, due to labor and material cost increases and higher turnover costs associated with additional vacant homes.
Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 1.7% to $103.6 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to $101.8 million for the fourth quarter of 2016. After capital expenditures, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 1.5% to $97.9 million for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to $96.4 million for the fourth quarter of 2016.
Core Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders ("Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders") was $89.4 million, or $0.26 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2017, compared to $75.9 million, or $0.26 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2016. Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders ("Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders") for the fourth quarter of 2017 was $79.8 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, compared to $67.7 million, or $0.23 per FFO share and unit, for the fourth quarter of 2016. This improvement was primarily attributable to increases in rental revenue driven by a larger number of leased properties and higher rental rates.
Full Year 2017 Financial Results
Net loss attributable to common shareholders totaled $22.1 million, or $0.08 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to a net loss attributable to common shareholders of $33.5 million, or $0.14 per diluted share, for the year ended December 31, 2016. This improvement was primarily attributable to higher revenues and lower interest expense, partially offset by the redemption of the Series A and Series B participating preferred shares through a conversion into Class A common shares, higher property operating expenses and an increase in preferred dividends.

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Total revenues increased 9.3% to $960.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, from $878.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. Revenue growth was primarily driven by continued strong acquisition and leasing activity, as our average leased portfolio grew to 45,839 homes for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to 43,026 homes for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Core NOI on our total portfolio increased 11.6% to $531.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $476.6 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. This increase was primarily due to substantial growth in rental income resulting from a larger number of leased properties.
Core revenues from Same-Home properties increased 3.0% to $634.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $616.2 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. This growth was driven by a 3.1% increase in average monthly realized rents, offset by a 0.1% decline in average occupied days percentage. Core property operating expenses from Same-Home properties decreased 0.8% to $225.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $226.9 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. This improvement was driven by continued operating efficiencies in R&M and turnover costs, net and a reduction in property management expenses, net, partially offset by modest increases in property tax expense and HOA fees, net.
Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 5.1% to $409.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $389.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2016. After capital expenditures, Core NOI from Same-Home properties increased 6.2% to $384.1 million for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $361.7 million for the year ended December 31, 2016.
Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders was $327.0 million, or $1.02 per FFO share and unit, for the year ended December 31, 2017, compared to $282.1 million, or $0.97 per FFO share and unit, for the year ended December 31, 2016. Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for the year ended December 31, 2017, was $287.0 million, or $0.90 per FFO share and unit, compared to $242.5 million, or $0.84 per FFO share and unit, for the year ended December 31, 2016. This improvement was primarily attributable to significant increases in rental revenue driven by a larger number of leased properties and higher rental rates, partially offset by increases in property operating expenses.
Portfolio
As of December 31, 2017, the Company had 46,996 leased properties, an increase of 970 properties from September 30, 2017. As of December 31, 2017, the leased percentage on Same-Home properties was 95.7%, compared to 95.2% as of September 30, 2017.
Investments
As of December 31, 2017, the Company's total portfolio consisted of 51,239 homes, including 310 homes held for sale, compared to 50,015 homes as of September 30, 2017, including 469 homes held for sale, an increase of 1,224 homes, which included 1,412 homes acquired and 188 homes sold or rescinded (including 162 former ARPI properties).
For 2018, the Company is revising its full year acquisition target to $400 million to $600 million, which will be focused going forward primarily on newly-constructed, built-for-rental product that we believe provides the best risk-adjusted returns and is consistent with our core growth strategy.

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Capital Activities and Balance Sheet
In the fourth quarter of 2017, the Company redeemed all 5,060,000 shares of the outstanding 5.0% Series A participating preferred shares and all 4,400,000 shares of the outstanding 5.0% Series B participating preferred shares through a conversion of those shares into Class A common shares, in accordance with the conversion terms in the Articles Supplementary. This resulted in 12,398,276 total Class A common shares issued from the redemption, based on a conversion ratio of 1.3106 Class A common shares issued per Series A and B participating preferred share.
As of December 31, 2017, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $46.2 million and had total outstanding debt of $2.5 billion, excluding an unamortized discount on acquired debt, the value of exchangeable senior notes classified within equity and unamortized deferred loan costs, with a weighted-average stated interest rate of 4.07% and a weighted-average term to maturity of 14.4 years. The Company’s $800.0 million revolving credit facility and $200.0 million term loan facility had outstanding borrowings of $140.0 million and $200.0 million, respectively, at the end of the year.
In February 2018, the Operating Partnership issued $500.0 million of 4.25% unsecured senior notes with a maturity date of February 15, 2028, which have been effectively hedged at 4.08% through the use of a treasury lock that was settled for a $9.6 million gain. Interest on the notes is payable semi-annually in arrears on February 15 and August 15 of each year, commencing on August 15, 2018. The Operating Partnership received net proceeds of $494.0 million from this offering, after underwriting fees of approximately $3.2 million and a $2.8 million discount, and before estimated offering costs of $1.5 million. The Operating Partnership intends to use the net proceeds from this offering for general corporate purposes, including, without limitation, acquisition of properties, the repayment of outstanding indebtedness, capital expenditures, the expansion, redevelopment and/or improvement of our properties, working capital and other general purposes, including repurchases of securities.
During February 2018, the Company's board of trustees authorized the repurchase of up to $300.0 million of our outstanding Class A common shares and up to $250.0 million of our outstanding preferred shares. Common and preferred share repurchases may be made in the open market or in privately negotiated transactions.
2018 Outlook
 
 
Full Year 2018
Same-Home
 
 
Average Occupied Days Percentage
 
94.5% - 95.5%
Core revenues growth
 
3.5% - 4.5%
Core property operating expenses growth
 
4.0% - 5.0%
Core NOI After Capital Expenditures growth
 
3.0% - 4.0%
Core NOI margin
 
64.0% - 65.0%
Property tax expense growth
 
3.5% - 4.5%
Average R&M and turnover costs, net, plus Recurring Capital Expenditures per property
 
$1,950 - $2,100
 
 
 
Property Enhancing Capex
 
$8 - $12 million
 
 
 
General and administrative expense, excluding noncash share-based compensation
 
$33.5 - $35.5 million
 
 
 
Acquisition volume
 
$400 - $600 million
Note: The Company does not provide guidance for the most comparable GAAP financial measures of net income or loss, total revenues and property operating expenses, or a reconciliation of the above-listed forward-looking non-GAAP financial measures to the comparable GAAP financial measures because we are unable to reasonably predict certain items contained in the GAAP

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measures, including non-recurring and infrequent items that are not indicative of the Company's ongoing operations. Such items include, but are not limited to, net gain or loss on sales and impairment of single-family properties, casualty loss, Non-Same-Home revenues, Non-Same-Home property operating expenses and noncash fair value adjustments associated with remeasuring our participating preferred shares derivative liability to fair value. These items are uncertain, depend on various factors and could have a material impact on our GAAP results for the guidance period.
Additional Information
A copy of the Company’s Fourth Quarter 2017 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package and this press release are available on our website at www.americanhomes4rent.com. This information has also been furnished to the SEC in a current report on Form 8-K.
Conference Call
A conference call is scheduled on Friday, February 23, 2018, at 11:00 a.m. Eastern Time to discuss the Company’s financial results for the quarter and full year ended December 31, 2017, and to provide an update on its business. The domestic dial-in number is (877) 451-6152 (for U.S. and Canada) and the international dial-in number is (201) 389-0879 (passcode not required). A simultaneous audio webcast may be accessed by using the link at www.americanhomes4rent.com, under “For Investors.” A replay of the conference call may be accessed through Friday, March 9, 2018, by calling (844) 512-2921 (U.S. and Canada) or (412) 317-6671 (international), replay passcode number 13675860#, or by using the link at www.americanhomes4rent.com, under “For Investors.”
About American Homes 4 Rent
American Homes 4 Rent (NYSE: AMH) is a leader in the single-family home rental industry and “American Homes 4 Rent” is fast becoming a nationally recognized brand for rental homes, known for high quality, good value and tenant satisfaction. We are an internally managed Maryland real estate investment trust, or REIT, focused on acquiring, renovating, leasing, and operating attractive, single-family homes as rental properties. As of December 31, 2017, we owned 51,239 single-family properties in selected submarkets in 22 states.
Forward-Looking Statements
This press release contains “forward-looking statements.” These forward-looking statements relate to beliefs, expectations or intentions and similar statements concerning matters that are not of historical fact and are generally accompanied by words such as “estimate,” “project,” “predict,” “believe,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “intend,” “potential,” “plan,” “goal” or other words that convey the uncertainty of future events or outcomes. Examples of forward-looking statements contained in this press release include, among others, our belief that our acquisition and homebuilding programs will result in continued growth and that we will continue to expand margins. The Company has based these forward-looking statements on its current expectations and assumptions about future events. While the Company's management considers these expectations to be reasonable, they are inherently subject to risks, contingencies and uncertainties, most of which are difficult to predict and many of which are beyond the Company’s control and could cause actual results to differ materially from any future results, performance or achievements expressed or implied by these forward-looking statements. Investors should not place undue reliance on these forward-looking statements, which speak only as of the date of this press release. The Company undertakes no obligation to update any forward-looking statements to conform to actual results or changes in its expectations, unless required by applicable law. For a further description of the risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ from those expressed in these forward-looking statements, as well as risks relating to the business of the Company in general, see the “Risk Factors” disclosed in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2016, and in the Company’s subsequent filings with the SEC.

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American Homes 4 Rent
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(Amounts in thousands, except share data)
 
December 31, 2017
 
December 31, 2016
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Assets
 

 
 

Single-family properties:
 

 
 

Land
$
1,665,631

 
$
1,512,183

Buildings and improvements
7,303,270

 
6,614,953

Single-family properties held for sale, net
35,803

 
87,430

 
9,004,704

 
8,214,566

Less: accumulated depreciation
(939,724
)
 
(666,710
)
Single-family properties, net
8,064,980

 
7,547,856

Cash and cash equivalents
46,156

 
118,799

Restricted cash
136,667

 
131,442

Rent and other receivables, net
30,144

 
17,618

Escrow deposits, prepaid expenses and other assets
171,851

 
133,594

Deferred costs and other intangibles, net
13,025

 
11,956

Asset-backed securitization certificates
25,666

 
25,666

Goodwill
120,279

 
120,279

Total assets
$
8,608,768

 
$
8,107,210

 
 
 
 
Liabilities
 

 
 

Revolving credit facility
$
140,000

 
$

Term loan facility, net
198,023

 
321,735

Asset-backed securitizations, net
1,977,308

 
2,442,863

Exchangeable senior notes, net
111,697

 
108,148

Secured note payable
48,859

 
49,828

Accounts payable and accrued expenses
222,867

 
177,206

Amounts payable to affiliates
4,720

 

Participating preferred shares derivative liability
29,470

 
69,810

Total liabilities
2,732,944

 
3,169,590

 
 
 
 
Commitments and contingencies
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Equity
 

 
 

Shareholders' equity:
 

 
 

Class A common shares, $0.01 par value per share, 450,000,000 shares authorized, 286,114,637
and 242,740,482 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
2,861

 
2,427

Class B common shares, $0.01 par value per share, 50,000,000 shares authorized, 635,075 shares
issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and 2016
6

 
6

Preferred shares, $0.01 par value per share, 100,000,000 shares authorized, 38,350,000 and
37,010,000 shares issued and outstanding at December 31, 2017 and 2016, respectively
384

 
370

Additional paid-in capital
5,600,256

 
4,568,616

Accumulated deficit
(453,953
)
 
(378,578
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
75

 
95

Total shareholders' equity
5,149,629

 
4,192,936

 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest
726,195

 
744,684

Total equity
5,875,824

 
4,937,620

 
 
 
 
Total liabilities and equity
$
8,608,768

 
$
8,107,210


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American Homes 4 Rent
Consolidated Statements of Operations
(Amounts in thousands, except share and per share data)
 
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
 
Revenues:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Rents from single-family properties
 
$
210,778

 
$
198,980

 
$
824,023

 
$
757,603

Fees from single-family properties
 
2,590

 
2,415

 
10,727

 
10,234

Tenant charge-backs
 
28,232

 
23,177

 
120,081

 
95,254

Other
 
1,201

 
2,987

 
5,568

 
15,798

Total revenues
 
242,801

 
227,559

 
960,399

 
878,889

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Expenses:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
 
87,871

 
78,323

 
355,074

 
317,310

Property management expenses
 
17,345

 
17,547

 
69,712

 
70,724

General and administrative expense
 
7,986

 
8,524

 
34,732

 
33,068

Interest expense
 
25,747

 
31,538

 
112,620

 
130,847

Acquisition fees and costs expensed
 
809

 
544

 
4,623

 
11,443

Depreciation and amortization
 
75,831

 
74,164

 
297,290

 
298,677

Hurricane-related charges, net
 
(2,173
)
 

 
7,963

 

Other
 
803

 
5,496

 
5,005

 
11,978

Total expenses
 
214,219

 
216,136

 
887,019

 
874,047

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Gain on sale of single-family properties and other, net
 
451

 
1,995

 
6,826

 
14,569

Loss on early extinguishment of debt
 

 

 
(6,555
)
 
(13,408
)
Gain on conversion of Series E units
 

 

 

 
11,463

Remeasurement of participating preferred shares
 
1,500

 
(4,080
)
 
2,841

 
(7,020
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
30,533

 
9,338

 
76,492

 
10,446

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interest
 
(4,485
)
 
(6,640
)
 
(4,507
)
 
3,751

Dividends on preferred shares
 
14,596

 
13,587

 
60,718

 
40,237

Redemption of participating preferred shares
 
42,416

 

 
42,416

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders
 
$
(21,994
)
 
$
2,391

 
$
(22,135
)
 
$
(33,542
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
286,469,724

 
239,887,357

 
264,254,718

 
234,010,168

Diluted
 
286,469,724

 
295,965,589

 
264,254,718

 
234,010,168

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders per share:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
0.01

 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.14
)
Diluted
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.08
)
 
$
(0.14
)



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Non-GAAP Financial Measures
This press release and the Fourth Quarter 2017 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package include Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders ("FFO attributable to common share and unit holders"), Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Core NOI, Same-Home Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures, which are non-GAAP financial measures. We believe these measures are helpful in understanding our financial performance and are widely used in the REIT industry. Because other REITs may not compute these financial measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs. In addition, these metrics are not substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities, as defined by GAAP, as measures of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. Reconciliations of these non-GAAP financial measures to the most directly comparable GAAP measures are included in this press release and in the Fourth Quarter 2017 Earnings Release and Supplemental Information Package.

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Funds from Operations attributable to common share and unit holders
The following is a reconciliation of net income or loss attributable to common shareholders to FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for the quarters and years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 (amounts in thousands, except share and per share data):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
Net (loss) income attributable to common shareholders
$
(21,994
)
 
$
2,391

 
$
(22,135
)
 
$
(33,542
)
Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Noncontrolling interests in the Operating Partnership
(4,618
)
 
(6,525
)
 
(4,648
)
 
4,313

Net loss (gain) on sale / impairment of single-family properties and other
443

 
1,508

 
(2,146
)
 
(9,599
)
Depreciation and amortization
75,831

 
74,164

 
297,290

 
298,677

Less: depreciation and amortization of non-real estate assets
(1,797
)
 
(2,046
)
 
(7,847
)
 
(6,391
)
FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
47,865

 
$
69,492

 
$
260,514

 
$
253,458

Adjustments:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Acquisition fees and costs expensed
809

 
544

 
4,623

 
11,443

Noncash share-based compensation - general and administrative
646

 
498

 
2,563

 
2,076

Noncash share-based compensation - property management
391

 
394

 
1,649

 
1,560

Noncash interest expense related to acquired debt
925

 
865

 
3,549

 
4,564

Hurricane-related charges, net
(2,173
)
 

 
7,963

 

Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
6,555

 
13,408

Gain on conversion of Series E units

 

 

 
(11,463
)
Remeasurement of participating preferred shares
(1,500
)
 
4,080

 
(2,841
)
 
7,020

Redemption of participating preferred shares
42,416

 

 
42,416

 

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
89,379

 
$
75,873

 
$
326,991

 
$
282,066

Recurring capital expenditures (1)
(7,501
)
 
(6,353
)
 
(32,556
)
 
(31,536
)
Leasing costs
(2,029
)
 
(1,806
)
 
(7,390
)
 
(8,005
)
Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
79,849

 
$
67,714

 
$
287,045

 
$
242,525

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Per FFO share and unit:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
0.14

 
$
0.24

 
$
0.81

 
$
0.88

Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
0.26

 
$
0.26

 
$
1.02

 
$
0.97

Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders
$
0.23

 
$
0.23

 
$
0.90

 
$
0.84

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted-average FFO shares and units:
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Common shares outstanding
286,469,724

 
239,887,357

 
264,254,718

 
234,010,168

Share-based compensation plan (2)
696,037

 

 
735,415

 

Operating partnership units
55,353,391

 
55,555,960

 
55,498,488

 
55,355,197

Total weighted-average FFO shares and units
342,519,152

 
295,443,317

 
320,488,621

 
289,365,365

(1)
As a portion of our homes are recently acquired and / or renovated, we estimate recurring capital expenditures for our entire portfolio by multiplying (a) current period actual recurring capital expenditures per Same-Home property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding non-stabilized and held for sale properties.
(2)
Reflects the effect of potentially dilutive securities issuable upon the assumed vesting / exercise of restricted stock units and stock options.
FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we calculate in accordance with the White Paper on FFO approved by the Board of Governors of the National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (“NAREIT”), which defines FFO as net income or loss calculated in accordance with GAAP, excluding extraordinary items, as defined by GAAP, gains and losses from sales or impairment of real estate, plus real estate-related depreciation and amortization (excluding

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ah4rlogoregistereda09.jpg

amortization of deferred financing costs and depreciation of non-real estate assets), and after adjustment for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures.
Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) acquisition fees and costs expensed incurred with recent business combinations and the acquisition of individual properties, (2) noncash share-based compensation expense, (3) noncash interest expense related to acquired debt, (4) hurricane-related charges, net, (5) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt, (6) noncash gain or loss on redemption or conversion of shares or units and (7) noncash fair value adjustments associated with remeasuring our participating preferred shares derivative liability to fair value.
Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders is a non-GAAP financial measure that we use as a supplemental measure of our performance. We compute this metric by adjusting Core FFO attributable to common share and unit holders for (1) recurring capital expenditures that are necessary to help preserve the value and maintain functionality of our properties and (2) actual leasing costs incurred during the period. As a portion of our homes are recently acquired and/or renovated, we estimate recurring capital expenditures for our entire portfolio by multiplying (a) current period actual capital expenditures per Same-Home Property by (b) our total number of properties, excluding non-stabilized and held for sale properties.
We present FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, because we consider this metric to be an important measure of the performance of real estate companies, as do many investors and analysts in evaluating the Company. We believe that FFO attributable to common share and unit holders provides useful information to investors because this metric excludes depreciation, which is included in computing net income and assumes the value of real estate diminishes predictably over time. We believe that real estate values fluctuate due to market conditions and in response to inflation.
We also believe that Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders, as well as on a per FFO share and unit basis, provide useful information to investors because they allow investors to compare our operating performance to prior reporting periods without the effect of certain items that, by nature, are not comparable from period to period.
FFO, Core FFO and Adjusted FFO attributable to common share and unit holders are not a substitute for net income or loss per share or net cash flow provided by operating activities, as determined in accordance with GAAP, as a measure of our operating performance, liquidity or ability to pay dividends. These metrics also are not necessarily indicative of cash available to fund future cash needs. Because other REITs may not compute these measures in the same manner, they may not be comparable among REITs.
Core Net Operating Income
Core NOI, which we also present separately for our Same-Home portfolio, is a supplemental non-GAAP financial measure that we define as core revenues, which is calculated as rents and fees from single-family properties, net of bad debt expense, less core property operating expenses, which is calculated as property operating and property management expenses, excluding noncash share-based compensation expense, expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs and bad debt expense. Our Same-Home portfolio consists of our single-family properties that have been stabilized longer than 90 days prior to the beginning of the earliest period presented, and that have not been classified as held for sale or taken out of service as a result of a casualty loss.
Core NOI also excludes (1) noncash fair value adjustments associated with remeasuring our participating preferred shares derivative liability to fair value, (2) noncash gain or loss on conversion of shares or units, (3) gain or loss on early extinguishment of debt, (4) hurricane-related charges, net, (5) gain or loss on sales of single-family properties and other, (6) depreciation and amortization, (7) acquisition fees and costs expensed incurred with recent business combinations and the acquisition of individual properties, (8) noncash share-based compensation expense, (9) interest expense, (10) general and administrative expense, (11) other expenses and (12) other revenues. We believe Core NOI provides useful information to investors about the operating performance of our single-family properties without the impact of certain operating expenses that are reimbursed through tenant charge-backs. We further adjust Core NOI for our Same-Home portfolio by subtracting recurring capital expenditures to calculate Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures, which we believe provides useful information to investors because it more fully reflects our operating performance after the impact of all property-level expenditures, regardless of whether they are capitalized or expensed.

10


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Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures should be considered only as supplements to net income or loss as a measure of our performance and should not be used as measures of our liquidity, nor are they indicative of funds available to fund our cash needs, including our ability to pay dividends or make distributions. Additionally, these metrics should not be used as substitutes for net income or loss or net cash flows from operating activities (as computed in accordance with GAAP).
The following are reconciliations of core revenues, core property operating expenses, Core NOI, Same-Home Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures to their respective GAAP metrics for the quarters and years ended December 31, 2017 and 2016 (amounts in thousands):
 
For the Three Months Ended December 31,
 
For the Years Ended
December 31,
 
2017
 
2016
 
2017
 
2016
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
 
(Unaudited)
Core revenues
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total revenues
$
242,801

 
$
227,559

 
$
960,399

 
$
878,889

Tenant charge-backs
(28,232
)
 
(23,177
)
 
(120,081
)
 
(95,254
)
Bad debt expense
(2,186
)
 
(1,877
)
 
(7,328
)
 
(6,969
)
Other revenues
(1,201
)
 
(2,987
)
 
(5,568
)
 
(15,798
)
Core revenues
$
211,182

 
$
199,518

 
$
827,422

 
$
760,868

Core property operating expenses
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Property operating expenses
$
87,871

 
$
78,323

 
$
355,074

 
$
317,310

Property management expenses
17,345

 
17,547

 
69,712

 
70,724

Noncash share-based compensation - property management
(391
)
 
(394
)
 
(1,649
)
 
(1,560
)
Expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs
(28,232
)
 
(23,177
)
 
(120,081
)
 
(95,254
)
Bad debt expense
(2,186
)
 
(1,877
)
 
(7,328
)
 
(6,969
)
Core property operating expenses
$
74,407

 
$
70,422

 
$
295,728

 
$
284,251

Core NOI, Same-Home Core NOI and Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures
 
 
 
 
Net income
$
30,533

 
$
9,338

 
$
76,492

 
$
10,446

Remeasurement of participating preferred shares
(1,500
)
 
4,080

 
(2,841
)
 
7,020

Gain on conversion of Series E units

 

 

 
(11,463
)
Loss on early extinguishment of debt

 

 
6,555

 
13,408

Hurricane-related charges, net
(2,173
)
 

 
7,963

 

Gain on sale of single-family properties and other, net
(451
)
 
(1,995
)
 
(6,826
)
 
(14,569
)
Depreciation and amortization
75,831

 
74,164

 
297,290

 
298,677

Acquisition fees and costs expensed
809

 
544

 
4,623

 
11,443

Noncash share-based compensation - property management
391

 
394

 
1,649

 
1,560

Interest expense
25,747

 
31,538

 
112,620

 
130,847

General and administrative expense
7,986

 
8,524

 
34,732

 
33,068

Other expenses
803

 
5,496

 
5,005

 
11,978

Other revenues
(1,201
)
 
(2,987
)
 
(5,568
)
 
(15,798
)
Tenant charge-backs
28,232

 
23,177

 
120,081

 
95,254

Expenses reimbursed by tenant charge-backs
(28,232
)
 
(23,177
)
 
(120,081
)
 
(95,254
)
Bad debt expense excluded from operating expenses
2,186

 
1,877

 
7,328

 
6,969

Bad debt expense included in revenues
(2,186
)
 
(1,877
)
 
(7,328
)
 
(6,969
)
Core NOI
136,775

 
129,096

 
531,694

 
476,617

Less: Non-Same-Home Core NOI
33,207

 
27,268

 
122,429

 
87,337

Same-Home Core NOI
103,568

 
101,828

 
409,265

 
389,280

Less: Same-Home recurring capital expenditures
5,706

 
5,381

 
25,150

 
27,572

Same-Home Core NOI After Capital Expenditures
$
97,862

 
$
96,447

 
$
384,115

 
$
361,708



11


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Contact:
American Homes 4 Rent
Investor Relations
Phone: (855) 794-2447
Email: investors@ah4r.com

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